Job Satisfaction of Women Working in Professional and Non-professional Sectors of Kashmir Division (J & K), India: A Comparative Study.

  • Fayaz Ahmad Bhat University of kashmir
  • Kulsooma Gull
Keywords: Job Satisfaction, Women Working in Professional Sector, Women Working in Non-professional Sector, Job Satisfaction Scale.


The purpose of the study was to investigate Job satisfaction of women working in professional and non-professional sectors of Kashmir division. The sample for the study consisted of 400 women working in different professional and non-professional sectors of Kashmir division. Out of 400, 200 were selected from Professional sector viz, Doctors, Engineers, Lawyers, College Lecturers, Agriculture Officers, Horticulture Officers, Veterinarians and Bankers and 200 from Non-professional sector viz, Administrators, Social Welfare Officers, Higher Secondary School Principals, Zonal Education Officers, District Forest Officers and under secretaries. In order to measure the job satisfaction of women working in professional and non-professional sectors, Job Satisfaction Scale (JSS) by Amar Singh and T.R. Sharma was used and it covers the following areas: Job-intrinsic statements, Job concrete statements ,Job-abstract statements, Job-extrinsic statements, Psycho-social factor, Economic factor, Community/national growth. It measures the job satisfaction of every professional like doctors, teachers, engineers and advocates, covering 30 items. The findings of the study revealed that Women working in professional and non professional sector differ significantly on job satisfaction. Women working in non professional sector have been found more satisfied as compared to women working in professional sector.


Amar S., and Sharma T.R., (n.a). Job Satisfaction Scale, National Psychological Corporation, 4/23, Kacheri Ghat, Agra, India

Anum Khan (2013). Is job satisfaction of Islamic banks operational staff determined through organizational climate, occupational stress, age and gender? Journal of Business Studies Quarterly, Vol.4, No.3, Superior University Lahore.

Best, John W., and Khan, James v. (1986). Research in Education, 5th Ed., New Delhi Prentice-Hall of India, Pvt. Ltd.

Blum, M. N., and Naylor, J. C., (1968). Industrial Psychology New York: Harper and Row.

Chand, P., (2006). Psychological factors in the development of work stress. J.Com. Gui. Res., 23(2): 178-186.

Chaudhury, S and Banerjee, A. (2004). Correlated Job Satisfaction in Medical Officers, MJAFAI, 60(4): 329-332.

Eleni Jelastopulu (2013). Self reported sources of stress, job satisfaction and quality of care in professional hospital Nurses in West-Greece. Public Health Department Medical School, University of Patras, Greece. Nursing and Health 1(1): 1-9.

Flowers, V.S. and Hughes, C.L. (1973). Why Employees Stay, Harvard Business Review, 51(4). 49-60.

Glimmer (1966). Industrial Psychology. New York: McGraw-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ.

Halagalimath S.P., Rajesh W.B.(2012). Job satisfaction level of women working in Universities. Karnataka Journal. Agriculture Science, 25 (I): (158-159). university of Agriculture Science.

Herzberg, F.,Mausner, B. and Snyderman, B.B. (1959). The Motivation to Work. New York, John Wiley and Sons.

Huppock, E. B., 1935, Job Satisfaction, New York, Harper and Row Publishers.

Jessica Zara Peterson (2009). Job stress, job satisfaction and intension to leave among New Nurses. A thesis submitted in conformity with the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy Graduate Department of Nursing Science, University of Toronto.

Kerlinger, F. (2007). Foundations of Behavioral Research, Surjeet Publications New Delhi.

Kokila Sen (2008). Relationship between Job Satisfaction and Job Stress amongst teachers and managers. Indian Journal of Industrial Relations, JOSTER.

Pearson, D.A. and Seiler, R.E. (1983). Environmental Satisfiers in Academic, Higher Education, 12, 35-47.

Purvi Prakash (2004). Job satisfaction among women. Journal of Health Management, Vol. 6, No. 2.

Scheinder, B. & Snyder R.A (1975). Some relationship between Organisational Climate. Journal of Applied Psychology, 60, 318-328.

Vroom, A. A., 1996, A study on job satisfaction. Indian Psychol. Rev., 3(1): 129-132.