Political Problems of Mizoram and Sixth Schedule Issue: Renewal of Displaced Bru’s Demand for Autonomous District Council

  • A.P.K. Singh Principal, Government Mamit College, Mamit: Mizoram.
Keywords: Autonomous District Council, Constitutional Right, Ethnic Identity, need to review the Sixth Schedule, Sixth Schedule.

Abstract

Since remote past, the present Mizoram has been inflicted by demands of political nature by several ethnic groups of people. Of late, among others, the problems of the Bru and the Hmar are worth mentioning. The demands of the Hmar in Mizoram, otherwise called as Manipur-based Hmar by the Mizo, has been over 30 years while that of the Bru started only since the late 1990s. Following the signing of the Mizoram Peace Accord in 1986, the Hmar spearheaded their movement demanding for a real autonomy to create Autonomous District Council for them in the north and north-eastern fringes of Mizoram State. On the other hand, the minority Bru, who had been trying to protect their identity and as influenced by the happenings in the surrounding region, prepared the ground and started a movement for separate administrative set up for them in the western belt of Mizoram but unable to achieve it. After a long sleep, however, in a dramatic move, the Bru leaders petitioned the Supreme Court in 2016 for Autonomous District Council status for them. This Paper is intended to analyse different aspects of political problems confronting the State in general and in particular the Bru along with suggestions too.

References

Lalsiamhnuna. (2011). Political Problems of Mizoram. Lengchhawn Press. Aizawl. First Edition. P 38.

Ibid. P.41.

Ibid. P.169.

Jagadish K. Patnaik. (ed). (2008). Mizoram: Dimensions & Perspectives-Society, Economy and Polity. Concept Publishing Company. New Delhi. First Published. Pp. 79-80.

Ibid. Pp. 74-75.

See. n. 1. Pp. 47, 50.

T. Vanlaltlani. (2007). A Study of Religious Identity Among the Bru of Mizoram. Indian Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge (ISPCK). Delhi. P.18.

V. Venkata Rao, Niru Hazarika and H.Thansanga. (1987). A Century of Government and Politics in North-east India. Volume III. Mizoram. S. Chand & Company (Pvt) LTD. New Delhi. First Published. P.156.

See. n. 1. Pp. 47, 49.

See. n.7. P.19.

See. n.1. Pp.5, 82.

Ibid. P.121.

Ibid. n.1. P.175.

Ibid. Pp. 9, 121, 122, 125,126, 272.

Ibid. Pp. 127, 128,129.

Mizoram Peace Accord signed between the Government of India and the insurgent MNF

in 1986.

See. n.1.P.129.

Ibid. Pp.5. 6.155.

See. n. 4. P.80.

See. n.1.P.132.

Ibid, Pp.12. 13.

Ibid. Pp.132. 169.

Memorandum of Understanding signed between the HPC and the Government of Mizoram

in 1994.

See. n. 4. P.80.

The Mizoram Post. English Daily. Aizawl. 6th December 2016.

See. n.7. P.63.

Ibid. P.163.

V.V. Rao. A Century of Tribal Politics in North-East India: 1874-1974. S. Chand & Company Ltd. New Delhi. First Edition. 1976. P.29.

See The Constitution (Scheduled Tribes) Order. 1950. The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes List (Modification) Order. 1956. inserted by Act 81 of 1971.

See. n. 28. P.29.

Ibid. P.30.

See. n.7. P.17. 21.

Jangkhongam Doungel.(2010). Evolution of District Council Autonomy in Mizoram. Spectrum Publications. Guwahati. First Published. P.164.

See. n. 7. P.62.

See. n. 33. P.164.

See. n. 7. P.17.

Ibid. P.164, 165.

Ibid. P.47.

Ibid. P.18.

Interview with Elvis Chorkhy, former President of MBDPF, an apex body fighting for the rights of the Bru Peoples and Surjyamani Riang, Ex-President of BNLF.

See. n. 7. Pp.163, 164.

Ibid. P. 63,163.

Ibid. P.18.

Ibid. P.19.

Ibid. P.165.

Ibid. P.18.

Ibid. P.121.

See. n. 33. P.164.

Ibid. Pp.164, 165.

See. n. 7. P. 121.

But according to Elvis Chorkhy, it was held on 22nd September 1997.

See. n. 7. P. 165.

Newslink. English Daily. Aizawl. 25th July 2003 and The Frontier Despatch. Weekly. Aizawl. 2-8 December 2016. Volume 1. Issue 41.

See. n. 7. Pp. 122,123.

Ibid. P.125.

Newslink. English Daily. Aizawl. 14th July 2003.

Memorandum Dated 18th April 2001, submitted to the Government of Mizoram by BNLF.

See. n. 7. Pp. 122,123.

Ibid. Pp. 166,167.

Ibid. P.123.Some said that the BNU Conference adopted and passed a Resolution demanding creation of a separate Autonomous District Council (ADC) for the Bru community within Mizoram while some are of the opinion that the BNU special assembly on 23-24 September 1997 was misunderstood as resolving their demand for an ADC. The BNU did not ask for such a resolution in that particular Assembly.

Ibid. Pp. 166,167.

Ibid. P.123.

Ibid. Pp.123, 124.

Ibid. P.167.

The Frontier Despatch. Weekly. Aizawl. 2-8 December 2016. Volume 1. Issue 41.

See. n. 7. Pp. 166, 167.

Ibid. P.167.

Ibid. P.124.

Ibid. P.166.

Newslink. English Daily. Aizawl. 25th July 2003. The Save Mizoram Committee, comprising the representatives of all political parties and major NGOs in Mizoram, was formed to oppose the ECI’s proposal to re-demarcate the existing forty assembly constituencies.

See. n. 65. Document prepared by the Police tracing the events of the Bru problems.

See. n. 7. Pp.167-68. See the Appendices of the book. Pp. 295-299.

Ibid. Pp. 124,167,168.

Editorial. Newslink. English Daily. Aizawl. 3rd November 2003.

A.P.K. Singh. (2016). Political Scenario of Mizoram: Past and Present. Mittal Publications. New Delhi. First Published. P. 160.

Ibid. and see also Draft Memorandum of Understanding signed between the BNLF and the Government of Mizoram in March 2005, P.1.

Ibid and Editorial. Newslink. English Daily. Aizawl. 3rd November 2003.

Draft Memorandum of Understanding signed between the BNLF and the Government of Mizoram in March 2005.

Ibid.

Ibid and Newslink. English Daily. Aizawl. 7th July 2003.

Ibid.

Newslink. English Daily. Aizawl. 22nd September 2003.

See. n.78.

The Mizoram Post. English Daily. Aizawl. 20th February 2017.

Ibid and See. n. 65.

Ibid.

See. n. 65.

The Sangai Express. English Daily. Imphal. 20th April 2017.

P. M. Bakshi. (2002). The Constitution of India. Universal Law Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd. Delhi. Fifth Edition. P. 343.

Published
2018-01-02
Section
Articles