Ecotourism Studies: Lessons From Literature Review

  • Soumik Sarkar PhD scholar, School of Oceanographic Studies1, Jadavpur University,
  • Suchandra Bardhan Professor, Department of Architecture, Jadavpur University
  • Pranabes Sanyal Guest faculty, School of Oceanographic Studies3, Jadavpur University
Keywords: ecotourism, sustainable development, triple bottom-line, carrying capacity, ecological footprint


Tourism is a widely acclaimed cultural-cum-economic activity through out the world. It has also evolved into a discipline where training and education is offered. Tourism may be classified into several sectors and categories, in which nature-based tourism occupies a significant place. However, the negative environmental and ecological impacts associated with such tourism are also largely acknowledged. The notion of ecotourism developed to address this concern and suggests ways to mellow these down to a reversible level that is sustainable in long-term. Several concepts, theories and hypotheses have been formulated to this effect. This paper attempts to examine, understand and present the collected information from scholarly works in such field in an assorted way to build a knowledge base as well as assist focused studies in this subject area. It also provides insights into both qualitative and quantitative approaches that discuss ecotourism assessment parameters, tools/metrics & indices advocated by different researchers. Carrying capacity and ecological footprint methodologies are important tracks in this direction. The literature review spans a little over three decades, ending almost recent time. In the process of the discourse, ecotourism also emerges as part of sustainable development due to its close connection with natural resources, ecology and dependent community.


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