Socio-economic Background of Regional Style Temple-Building in Bengal

  • Shamba Bhattacharya Research scholar of Department of AIHC &A, Visva Bharati University.
Keywords: Deities, proliferation, decorative, Traditional

Abstract

Temple has a significant role in the Brahmanical religion. Almost every region of Indian subcontinent have their own style to build temple. So the region Bengal is not exceptional one. An important feature in most of the villages of countryside Bengal is presence of numerous small size temples though in ruined condition. It raises few questions to us. (a) Who built these temples? (b) What was the purpose of such large number temple building? (c) When these temples were built? To find answer of these questions we have to know about the society as well as economy of this region. Building of temple was an important form of social service in the villages of Bengal. These temples also represented the wealth and social power of the founder. By the building of temple the founder also gained special prestige to the villagers. My major thrust in this article will be to point out the Socio-economical activities regarding the temple building. In broad sense, there were several Socio-economical activities which were actively existed during the temple building process. Besides that, architectural perspectives such as the detailed scientific description of the temples including general characteristics features, architectural styles, types of the temples and description of terracotta or sculptural decoration can be bring out with up-to-date photographs through my research paper. 

References

1. Beverley, H., Report on Census of Bengal, Calcutta, 1872.
2. Brown, Persey, Indian Architecture (Hindu and Buddhist Period), tara-porewala reprint, Bombay, 1965.
3. Bhattacharyya, Amitabha, Historical Geography of Ancient and Early Medieval Bengal, Calcutta, 1977.
4. Dutta, B.K., Bengal Temples, New Delhi, 1975.
5. Ghosh, Saratchandra, Sadgoptattva, Vol. I, Calcutta, 1938.
6. Michell, George. “Historical background”, in Michell, George (Ed.). “Brick Temples of Bengal -
From the Archives of David McCutchion”, Princeton University press, New Jersey, 1983 .
7. Mangaonkar, Priyanka, Temples of Bengal: Material Style and Technological Evolution. Chitrolekha International Magazine on Art and Design, Vol. 2, No. 1., 2012 .
8. Mukherjee, Nilmani, Foreign and Inland Trade in The History of Bengal (1757-1905), Calcutta
9. Risley, H.H, The Tribes and Castes of Bengal, II, London, 1891.
10. O’Malley, L.S.S, Bengal District Gazetteers, Birbhum, Calcutta, 1910.
11. Rowland, B., The Art and Architecture of India, Harmondsworth,1953.
12. Raychaudhuri, Tapan Kumar, Bengal under Akbar and Jahangir, Calcutta, 1953.
13. Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, Vol . 11, Amsterdam, 1650, reproduced by Blochman in journal of Asiatic society of Bengal, pt. I, pt, IV, Calcutta, 1873.
14. Sanyal, Hiteshranjan, Social Mobility in Bengal, Calcutta, 1981.
15. Sanyal, Hiteshranjan, “Social Aspects of Temple-Building in Bengal: 1600to 1900 A.D.”, Man in India , Vol. XXXXVIII, no. 3, July-September, Calcutta, 1968.
16. Sinha, N.K., The Economic History of Bengal, II, Calcutta, 1962.
17. Sinha, Pradip, “Social Changes” in the History of Bengal (1757-1905), N.K. Sinha , (ed.), Calcutta, 1967.
Published
2018-09-26