International Journal of Innovative Knowledge Concepts <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; <strong>Welcome to IJIKC</strong></p> <p><strong>International Journal of Innovative Knowledge Concepts (IJIKC)</strong> is approved by UGC and <strong>monthly </strong>published in English, Hindi &amp; Marathi for scholars, practitioners, and students. The Journal welcomes original research articles, book reviews, commentaries, correspondence, review articles, technical notes, short communications, case study, books, thesis and dissertation relevant to the fields of Agricultural Science, Ayurved, Biochemistry, Biotechnology, Botany, Chemistry, Commerce, Computer Science, Economics, Engineering, Environmental Sciences, Food Science, Geology, Geography, History, Horticulture, Library &amp; Information Science, Linguistics, Literature, Management Studies, Mathematics, Medical Sciences, Microbiology, Molecular Biology, Nursing, Pharmacy, Physics, Social Science, Zoology. All research papers submitted to the journal will be double blind peer reviewed referred by members of the editorial board.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;Indexed</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;<strong>International Journal of Innovative Knowledge Concepts (IJIKC)</strong> is included in different indexing agencies, <strong><a href=";btnG=&amp;hl=en&amp;as_sdt=0%2C5">Google Scholar</a></strong>, <a href=";type=all&amp;oaboost=1&amp;ling=1&amp;name=&amp;thes=&amp;refid=dcresen&amp;newsearch=1"><strong>BASE - Bielefeld Academic Search Engine,</strong></a> Directory of Research Journal Indexing<strong> etc.</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> en-US <p>Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, without the written consent of the Publisher. The Editors reserve the right to edit or otherwise alter all contributions, but authors will receive proofs for approval before publication.</p> <p>Copyrights for articles published in International Journal of Innovative Knowledge Concepts are retained by the authors, with first publication rights granted to the journal. The journal/publisher is not responsible for subsequent uses of the work. It is the author's responsibility to bring an infringement action if so desired by the author.</p> (Mrs. Pramila M. Jamdade) (Dr. Mohan L Jamdade) Tue, 27 Nov 2018 00:40:41 +0000 OJS 60 A step towards improving Quality in Evaluation <p>Baseline testing is conducted in mathematics &amp; languages by Maharashtra state board to know basic competency in both the subjects. It also helps a great deal in solving most of the problems that are discovered.</p> <p>&nbsp;This paper focus on attitude of teachers &amp; students towards baseline examinations.Survey method was used to collect data. Result shows due to this examination Teachers &amp; Students get stress, finds more workload, they feel its wastage of time, but actually baseline exams checks knowledge level of students</p> Renuka K. Shewkani ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 27 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +0000 What the Indian Youth Look For While Shopping Online? A Behavioral Analysis <p><em>Online shopping is a growing trend today and more so among the youth. Advent of Internet, mobile phones and digitalization of services is changing the way in which people shop online as the gap between the producers, marketer and the customers is decreasing very rapidly.&nbsp; The young population in India provides a great potential for companies to market their products.&nbsp; The advent of online markets introduce single platform for variety of products and comparison between them. Most important the attracting feature of shopping, the time factor has been reduced through online marketing.</em></p> <p><em>This&nbsp; paper, discusses the different aspects of online shopping by the Indian youth and reasons for attraction towards online shopping. It also analyzes&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; online shopping behavior&nbsp; and preferences of the youth regarding products and categories.&nbsp;&nbsp; Study is based on secondary and primary data of university students&nbsp; collected through a survey of 250 students. The present study provides insights into different aspects that can be considered and also, how the products and varieties may be introduced into the market.&nbsp; The results indicate interesting facts about the shopping behavior among young population which would be a significant input for the online sellers targeting the youth.&nbsp; </em></p> Kirti Gupta, Pratiksha Maheshwari ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 27 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Impact of Organizational and Family challenges on Career Decisions – Study on Women Professionals of Rohilkhand Region <p>The present study is a work done on women professionals in the Rohilkhand region – comprising of Bareilly, Badaun, Pilibhit and Shahjahanpur districts with Bareilly being the divisional headquarter. The study is aimed at exploring and identifying those challenges that act as an impediment in the career growth of women professionals in this part of the country. For a women to be career conscious comes with various kinds of challenges and obligations in our society, and amidst that to be a career conscious lady in this part of the country which is still developing in terms of its approach and accepting changing societal trends and patterns becomes even more challenging. Therefore, majority of the ladies who are working professionals in this region takes their employment merely as a job rather than a career. They generally, succumb to family and societal norms and restrict their working domain to a mere time bound job. Also, there are various organizational and work related challenges that ad up to this pressure. Those are organizational specific and vary accordingly. Therefore, the main aim of this study is to trace out by exploring and identifying all those challenges that women professionals face and present various implications of it in a rational and objective manner.</p> <p>The basic nature of the research is descriptive as it describes in a systematic manner the various barriers that were perceived by women professionals in their path of career advancement. For this purpose, a questionnaire (structured) was prepared and circulated among the respondents to gather useful data. To gain better understanding and develop deeper insights into the subject, the researcher also relied on having personal interactions with the participants (as much as possible) so that their perceptions and perspectives can be understood in a more logical and rational way. The research is carried out in the Rohilkhand region of Western Uttar Pradesh in the Bareilly division which comprises of four districts – Bareilly (divisional headquarter), Badaun, Pilibhit and Shahjahanpur. Bareilly, being the divisional headquarter is the seventh largest city of the state and a counter magnet city, offers more job opportunities and work prospects as compared to other cities of the division.</p> Abhinav Nath, Arvind Shukla ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 27 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Changing thrust to feudalism: An Indian Historical Approach <p>Feudalism was a regime of sub-contracting the task of administration and revenue collection but due to the vested interests of feudal lords and excessive craving for profit for a better lifestyle led to the oppression of vulnerable and downtrodden section of the society who were not having any option but to work under the purview of oppressive bosses for the survival. As evident from the study of history, that no age was and is the golden age because there have been only two types of people in the society- one is the ruler and the other who is being ruled. So, the condition of feudalism was no exception. Whether it was the ancient era, medieval era or the modern era, oppression for profit was inherent in its course. However, it could have been a better machinery to govern the society and the regulation of agriculture as a primary source of commerce and trade by adopting swift and non-corrupt practices having the mindset of development of society as a whole. Although, feudalism is not in practice but neo-feudalism regime is still ruling the modern era and the oppression of people on the hands of elite and powerful is still going on. The practice of oppression can be eradicated by empowering the weak and vulnerable sections of the society by reform in administration, grass root development, ensuring accountability of ruling class towards the people and adopting transparent mechanisms for better implementation of policies and welfare of the downtrodden sections of the society.</p> Atul Pandey ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 27 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Environmental Ethics and Human Ethics <p><em>The genesis of ethics is that it is a normative study. Normativity is the hallmark of ethics. However, there are various spheres of ethics or more succinctly, it can be said that within ethics there are sub-divisions of ethics. For example, within applied ethics or practical ethics, there are environmental ethics, bio-medical ethics, business ethics, developmental ethics, and media ethics. Likewise, within traditional or classical ethics, there are virtue ethics, deontological ethics, teleological ethics, consequential ethics, etc. Environmental ethics belongs to practical ethics and by the term human ethics we mean traditional ethics. Traditional ethics are primarily concerned with humans. According to this theory, only humans are regarded as moral agents. Only humans’ can evaluate moral actions from normative perspective. The objective of environmental ethics is altogether different from human ethics. But they are inter-related with each other. Environmental ethics talks in diverse ways. Within its diversity, the main contention of it remains the same. It attempts to establish intrinsic value to all natural communities. The main strategy of this paper is to unveil the foundational aspects of moral subjects. It would explicate in what sense moral agent and moral subject are linked with each other. In any sort of ethics the will of the moral agent counts the most. Morality does not bear any sense if the freedom and will of the moral agent is ignored.These are some of the important questions that the paper will deal with.</em></p> Md. Sirajul Islam ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 27 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Identification of Major Factors Affecting the Perception of Experienced Micro Entrepreneurs towards “Training Needs” <p>High level of employment of young economically active population in agriculture sector and extreme poverty rate is key barrier in Inclusive development of Malwa region of Madhya Pradesh (MP). Government relentless efforts for holistic development through various microfinance programmes for enhancing income generating activities had given thrust to training and capacity building of micro entrepreneurs. But excessive Nonperforming assets (NPA) in maximum microfinance programme portray a gloomy picture of this sector and restrain the flow of credit. Owing to these issues this research study is conducted for identifying the major factors affecting the perception of experienced micro entrepreneurs towards “Training Needs” given by Funding Institutions and training issues in current programme. And for this research we used blend of quantitative and qualitative research methods and data is collected through structured questionnaire by conducting focus group interview of 722 micro entrepreneurs. This research reveals the new type of training need - that micro entrepreneurs’ required such training that helps them in decision making for keeping the loss in tolerable limit in case of failure of micro business &amp; restrains the loan to turn into bad loan. Furthermore other training needs identified. Prospective research scope is in the area of on the job training for micro entrepreneurs. It is divulge in research that region based need for e.g. incubation for micro enterprises etc. should be embraced while framing policy.</p> Aradhana Chouksey ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 27 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +0000 The Therapeutic Journey of a Seven Year Old: In Search of Self <p>Miss S, a 17 year old Hindu, female, currently in eleventh standard, with no family history of mental problem. Presented to us with complaint of one episode of dissociative fall followed by stressful event, with history of inability to manage relationship, having history of multiple love relationship and sexual interest in boy since 13 years of age, with repeated threats of harming self. Presented with the constant feeling of emptiness, chronic sadness and negative self-evaluation, with frequent mood switch, having difficulty coping with problem situation and early adolescence. The above symptoms indicative of cluster B and C traits.</p> <p>Current episode precipitated due to relationship failure, predisposing factor is her personality trait and maintained because of same and poor social support. In view of the problem presented the therapy was initiated.</p> <p>The therapeutic journey and the ventilation session helped the client in identifying of her emotions, made her capable of understanding and dealing with these emotions and also strengthen mother child bond, making her feel more positive and acceptable.</p> Digambar Darekar ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 27 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Climate Change : Loss And Damage Of Agriculture In Rural Tamilnadu <p><em>The earth has always witnessed changes in its climate, with well marked cold and hot periods, to which most life forms adapted naturality. Over the last 150-200 years this change in climate has speeded up due to human interference, leading to a disruption of natural balance. Indian agriculture to be fundamentally dependent on weather which makes it sensitive to climate induced effects. Any changes in the climate factors like temperature, precipitation, carbon-di-oxide concentration, changes in the soil moisture will affect Indian agriculture</em></p> N. Sukumaran ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 27 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Reliability Assessment For Object Oriented Software: Fault Perspective <p>The issue of fault is fundamental for reliable software. Estimating reliability of software framework at design stage may assist software engineers with improving the quality of software framework. Reliability estimation demonstrates for object oriented design fault point of view has been produced in this paper. The proposed demonstrate associates the Object Oriented Design develops with Fault and quality factors. The reliability estimation process can be accomplished by controlling the fault issues at design stage. This paper introduces a multivariate straight relapse for setting up the reliability estimation demonstrates as far as fault factors at design level. Reliability estimation show is experimentally approved and measurable importance of the investigation thinks about the high connection for present acceptance.</p> Brijesh Kumar Bhardwaj ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 27 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Work Motivation on an Employability Tool for Teachers <p>Perhaps, motivation of teachers can be understood that it is humans psychological process that will affect the direction, concentration, determination of person’s voluntary behaviour. It will influence the overall success of the organization in terms of quality or quantity. Therefore, undoubtedly, one of the most precious assets of any organization is its human resource. This reality may imply to teachers as they occupy the central role in the development of social or economic. For this, priority factors to be focused are working conditions, leadership styles, incentives, trainings for their professional growth, rewards, trust and teachers’ policy needs to be amended in order to motivative competent teachers in the schools. Because there persists a higher positive association among job satisfaction, organizational commitment and work motivation of teachers in schools.</p> Cheki Gyeltshen, Nimisha Beri ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 27 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Coverage of Rural News in National Dailies of Delhi <p>This study tries to find out the extent of coverage and treatment given to rural news in national dailies of Delhi. Through content analysis the researcher tries to find out the coverage of rural news in two national dailies of Delhi, one Hindi and one English, namely, Dainik Jagran and The Hindu, respectively with comparative analysis. Print media specially the newspaper is one of the important tools to communicate about development information to the rural population.&nbsp; How far newspapers are catering to the informational needs of the rural folk is under scrutiny. The content analysis of the two leading newspapers of Delhi have depicted a dismal picture in coverage of development stories and news related to rural areas. Rural news hardly appears in newspapers and few news items reported in inner pages of the newspaper by the reporters. The maximum rural news published in newspapers is not related to rural development; it is only concerned with accidents, crime and politics. Far from balance between urban and rural reporting, there is negilisable reporting about rural areas. Thus, only focus newspapers have is on urban elite, hence the development cycle is hampered resulting in the gap between the rural and urban India in achieving development. Rural keeps on remaining the same underdeveloped, laid back or deprive; the first step towards bridging this gap would be equal or due coverage and information access to rural areas, it’s high time newspapers take this responsibility seriously.&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Nidhi Chaudhry, Manoj Dayal ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 27 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +0000 On Deep Ecology: Some Considerations <p><em>The main strategy of this paper is to explicate and examine the concept of deep ecology from the perspective of environmental ethics. Deep ecological movement is the most important theory of environmental ethics because it is directed and developed to fulfill the basic objective of environmental ethics. The basic objective of environmental ethics is to restore non-anthropocentrism, environmental justice just by way of giving equal values to all biotic as well as a biotic communities. Thus in a sense, deep ecology is deeply rooted with valuing nature. Deep ecology is a process of self-realization, self-cultivation. It is the cultivation and self-examination of the qualities of the individual soul. It is a process of becoming; a process of enlightenment through which an individual reveals that he is not isolated from others. Instead he comes to know that he an integral part of nature. Here one can take the help from traditions. There are traditions in East and West and one can take up a tradition to apply it in his life as a method of self-realization. This paper is deeply involved towards examining the objective of deep ecology, the process of acquiring non-anthropocentrism as a mark of environmental ethics, and more importantly the process of self-realization or self-examination. The paper eventually asserts that deep ecology is supposed to be an ideal theory of environmental ethics the implementation of which ensures non-anthropocentrism, environmental justice. </em></p> Biswajit Barman ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 27 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Trends in Indian Textile Export Market: An Analysis of Revealed Comparative Advantage with Special Reference to China <p>The Indian textile industry has an immense presence in the economic life of the country and Export is the main determinant that can reflect the development and capability of any nation. The present paper makes an endeavor to analyze the intensity of Indian textile items and examine the competitiveness of Indian textile product. Further an attempt is made to compare the export competitiveness between India and China through Revealed comparative advantage index. The study covers 02 digit (HS) Harmonized system code of textile products for the period of five year, i.e., 2013 to 2017 to finding the outcomes. The consequence of this examination uncovers that majority of Indian textile item have near favorable position while some have impediment whereas China has comparative advantage in all textile product.</p> Chandra Prabha ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 27 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Spatio-Temporal Analysis of Urban Sprawl and Development of Model Using Geospatial and Open Source Tools <p>The process of urbanization and population growth needs to be monitored regularly. Generally Town Planners prepare the Master Plan or Development Plan for the future development of the towns. They plan for the future by estimating the population projection and based on which the land use, infrastructure, amenities and facilities. Khammam town in Andhra Pradesh is a fast growing urban centre. It has a Population of 1, 84,252 (2011) and a Planning Area of 34.50 sq. kms. With the rapid increase in population the urbanization is also spreading onto the neighboring rural areas. So, urbanization and changes in urban sprawl, land use, population growth and other aspects require periodic monitoring from time to time. The present work concentrates on some of the views mentioned above. Here, Remote Sensing, GIS, .NET and Open Source Tools and Technology are used to address the objective of the study. The results of the study indicate that the urban sprawl of Khammam town was 15 sq. kms. in the year 2011 and a population of1,84,252 in 2011. The population projected for the year 2031 using Parabolic Method is around 2,19,731. The number of houses for the year 2011 was 40,054 and the demand for the number of houses projected for the year 2031 is around 47,767. The “Housing Demand Module” developed for the Khammam Town can be of immense help for taking care of future Housing Demand as part of Urban Planning requirements by the Khammam Municipality.</p> D. Nandi, K. Mallick ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 27 Nov 2018 00:07:06 +0000 Local Hindu Temples and the Brahmans: Locating their significance amongst the Meitei Hindu society of Manipur <p><em>The paper attempts to explore the local Hindu temples and the various Hindu deities worshipped in these temples, which play a very significant role in the socio-religious life of the Meitei Hindus. It also tries to understand everyday religious practices performed by the Brahmans in these temples, of which they are the custodians; as well as their priestly role in the society. In a nutshell, the paper tries to ethnograhically explore and examine the significance of the local Hindu temples and the Brahmans in the Meitei Hindu society of Manipur</em></p> Oinam Ronnie Chanu ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 27 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +0000 A Study on Rural Women Empowerment– A Special Reference to Women in South Kerala <p>Women empowerment incorporates empowerment inside the family andin the general public. Inclusion of ladies in basic leadership, winning, sharing of fundamental needs and appreciation for their selfmotivation is a pre-imperative to the empowerment of ladies in Indian culture. For the fulfilment of these emancipating dream Women should spent effective time and interest with their male partner. The upbringing in&nbsp; societal position of women, expanding instructive chances, getting work openings, sharing monetary assets, high standard of living , dynamic cooperation of ladies in administration levels etc. comprise the procedure of women empowerment' in both word nd soul.</p> <p>While contemplating the idea of strengthening, we ought to have a solid thought on power, which in light of the particular markers which is critical for overall comprehension of the idea of women empowerment. Power is seldom observed as the privilege of, or as having a place, to ladies. Or maybe, as influence depends on richness assets, impact, control/or physical quality, it is largely&nbsp; comprehended as manly. Power is additionally the capacity to characterize a circumstance, to set the terms in which an issue is comprehended and discussed&nbsp; about, that is, through domineering and is themeans by which we are represented, mingled and molded. The Constitution of India engages the state to receive proportions of positive segregation for women to help them to defeat aggregate social, instructive, monetary and political mistreatment looked for quite a long time. The portrayal of women in the parliament or state authoritative gatherings was never been over 10% in spite of the way that ladies in India establish half of the aggregate populace. As of late the idea of "strengthening" was altered to incorporate "the power in plural shape as "powers". A reconsidered meaning of destitution amid the changing&nbsp; time frame drew out another measurement of strengthening.</p> Nishad A., M. Edwin Gnanadhas, R. Rathiha ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 27 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +0000 The Implementation mechanism of Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS) with special reference Jalgaon district. <p>The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme is one of the largest job creation program in the India and it is easily accessed among the rural mass though creating awareness and union of the previous scheme in the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme. the main purpose of this scheme is that to improve the economic structure and rural livelihood in the villages of India. The present study is that exploratory in nature with descriptive method and the simple random sample was used; The main objective of this paper is that to know the characteristics beneficiaries those who are enrolled in the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme and to analysis the Implementation mechanism of MGNREGS. The Gram Panchayat System which was brought through 73<sup>rd</sup> amendment is playing indirect crucial role in the acquaintance and implementation rural development schemes among the rural people. The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme implemented through the Gram Panchayat.</p> <p>Highlighted finding of this paper is that, Under the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme, the respondents are getting the wage rupees 151 to 200 per day and getting wage though direct bank transfer mode in their account, which it is ensure accountable and transparency and creating such type of trust among the wage seekers. The&nbsp; works undertaking plantation, canal &amp; natural bodies works, water conservation works with the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme may give major reflection in the rural agriculture system in creation of assets through which of plantation for improvement of eco system and waste land development of disadvantage people, canal works for irrigation these all leads instant stable for economic through the improving the purchase ability of vulnerable sections in the society.</p> Maroti Nivarati Gaikwad ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 27 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Model ARIMA in Prediction of Relative Relief and Drainage Density: A Study on Purulia District West Bengal, India <p>Forecasting of morphometric parameters is big question in the field of advanced geomorphology. In this paper an attempt has been made to predict future relief (relative relief is taken as the indicator) and simultaneous dry and wet condition (drainage density is taken as the indicator) using ARIMA (Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average) model after accessing the present pattern of the same using polynomial trend. The results show that the region is in the youth stage and progressing to the transition stage of youth and maturity with the time lag. This result and methodology may be very useful for the future perception of any relief and moisture condition to take required developmental framework especially for such areas having extreme environmental stress viz. Purulia District of West Bengal where drought is a regular event due to poor underground water condition and less moisture holding capacity of the soil. The overall height or relief condition of the district is slightly increased and tends to achieve stability and through the dynamic equilibrium the region is approaching towards the matured stage of development. Drainage density, another morphometric parameter seems to be deteriorated rapidly probably due to drought in the near future and hence acute water crisis can be forecasted. ARIMA helps to monitor and predict the local relief and moisture condition of the study area very efficiently.</p> Shrinwantu Raha, Shasanka Kumar Gayen ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 27 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Hydrothermal method for Synthesis of different Nanostructure Metal Oxide thin film. <p>Earth is a closed system. The heat losses and energy should be minimized to protect its atmosphere. So the purpose of scientists to focus their efforts toward less harmful and new environmental friendly methods. In future, the low cost metal oxide with different amorphous phases, represent interesting materials for next generation. There are different physical and chemical methods for deposition of metal oxide thin film. Like chemical vapor deposition, sputtering and other spraying methods. It requires high energy consumption and also requires special apparatus to avoid environmental problems. In this article we discuss the nucleation of thin film by using hydrothermal synthesis method. Its main advantages are low temperature, low energy consumption and cost effectiveness method. By using these methods, many new nano- material metal oxide thin films can be obtained which are of different morphologies and particle sizes.</p> Harish P Deshmukh, Sudhir D. Vavale, Sunil G. Pawar, Deepti H. Deshmukh ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 27 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Work-Life Balance among dual working couples in Pakistan <p>Work-life balance has become an important subject of concern by many business professionals and scholars. In this study the prime focus was to identify the imbalance created in life due to working couple’s routines and preferences. For that, the current attempt to find out sources of social pressure on couples as well as the problems occurring in their maternal life due to unbalanced work-life. In this regard, the primary data was collected by using structured questionnaires through convenient sampling from 180 respondents. Work-life balance is take as a dependent variable and work over load, career progression, stress and quality of life ware taken as independent variables. Moreover, reliability and validity of the data is confirmed before applying regression analysis. Based on the empirical results this study concluded that the career progression, work over load, stress and quality of life affects work-life balance significantly. Moreover, the current research conclude that work overload doesn’t affect work-life balance of dual career working couples significantly. Furthermore, the results also concluded that work-life balance of females is higher as compared to males. Therefore, the organizations should try to compensate the employees who have family pressures so that their work-life balance doesn’t get affected. Moreover, they also introduce flexible working hours besides the concept of virtual offices can also be implemented.</p> Farheen Akram, Muhammad Abrar ul Haq, Surjit Victor ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 27 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Customer Centric Approach Using 7ps of Marketing Mix <p><strong>Purpose: </strong>In this internship training is a part of the academic carrier which has given an opportunity to get expose in an industry. This study is mainly designed at an overall performance of the Red Panda Supermarket. The theoretical concepts learnt in the class for the functioning of the business in an organization</p> <p><strong>Research Methodology: </strong>Research have adopted descriptive methodology research method &amp; non-probability sampling technique with the 150 sample size to conduct research &amp; used as primary data with the help of questionnaire.</p> <p><strong>Findings: </strong>On foreign brand products the company has to go for the seasonal promotion to get attract for the customers in a market. The company has to provide various offers in the weekends. Customers are get attract on good quality of product at less price in the store. Company can make improve by providing known brands to the customers. People think that buying a foreign brand is a social status to their wellbeing life.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>From the survey the results it has come out that the company improves in providing known International brands rather than foreign brands. Customer thinks that buying a branded product it creates status in the society.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>The company Red Panda Supermarket can make use of social media on various advertising the new products into the market with the help of 7P’s. The company has to adopt modern technology to give more competitions for the other retail store in a market.</p> Arvind Mallik, Syeda Naseem Farhan ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 27 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Exploring Folklore in Works of Monoj Das <p>Manoj Das is basically a folk tale writer. Most of his shorts stories are taken from the folk tales of India particularly from the countryside of Odisha, his home state. He is a unique writer for combining fantasy with fact with the help of folk tales. In some other cases he rewrites the folk tales in his own way by extending the plots and themes and sometimes by adding and deleting some characters and changing their roles for the general acceptance. Das is a bilingual writers who writers both in English and Odis, his mother tongue. Some of his novels also have been transcreated. The folk lore Das takes in his stories are generally known but he gives a freshness touch by simple extending the stories for the public suitability.</p> P V Lovelin ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 27 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +0000 The Staff Perception of Participative Leadership Practice in Trivandrum’s Print Media <p>Managing media organizations is a demanding task, and it requires a proper leadership style in order to make the content creators have a positive perception of their leaders/managers. The media industry is a creative one and running creative people entails certain skills and experience.&nbsp;</p> <p>The management-employee conflict could stem from the wrong leadership style or the way the employees perceive their leaders/managers. The right leadership model is a recipe for a stable relationship between the superiors and subordinates.&nbsp; The participative leadership is one style of many others that is based on listening to and consulting with staff members. Previous studies indicate that the kind of leadership that encourages and enhances staff involvement yields positive results in the organization.</p> <p>This study seeks to examine the staff perception of the participative leadership practice in print media- particularly newspapers- in Trivandrum. It has utilized an adapted questionnaire to measure the practice of the participatory leadership style. The questionnaires were administered to 40 full-time journalists working in two randomly selected newspapers in Trivandrum. The responses were collected within two weeks.</p> <p>The study has revealed the staff perception with respect to the participative leadership practice in the workplace. It has shown the approach the employees think towards their leaders when it comes to the leadership matter.</p> Khaled Mohammed Ahmed Ali Al Karimi, Ajit Prabhu V ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 27 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +0000 A study of environment factors of Ashram school and its impacts on academic achievement of tribal children. <p><em>The concept of Ashram school is related to the functional and literacy aspects based on education and relieving the tribal parents off the burden of feeding and clothing their school going children.&nbsp; Ashram schools in tribal region with residential facility motivated tribal children for education and created an urge among them to improve their academic status as well as social and moral status.&nbsp; The environment in Ashram schools plays an important role in the improvement of academic status of trial children.&nbsp; This study focused on the overall environment in Ashram school.&nbsp; Quality of health care system, teacher’s help in academic and non academic problem, food, cleanliness etc. are some of the important environmental factors which are directly impacting on the academic achievement.&nbsp; All this factors have been discussed in the present study. </em></p> Shubhangi Pawar ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 27 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Use of expression based digital pictograms in interpersonal Communication: a study on social media and social apps <p>This paper investigates how different types of digital pictograms taking place of words in text Interpersonal Communication. Pictogram refers to terms Electronic-Mediated Graphs for communication which frequently used by people on social networking sites. These days digital text graphs are very popular for interact to each others. These nonverbal digital graphs are like Emoticons and emojis. Digital pictograms like shortcut nonverbal pattern of languages. It is the best way to communicate with expressions and sentiments to others. The aim of this paper is to find out whether digital pictograms really use as languages for communication and which type of effects it made on individuals.</p> Ruchika Kumari, Rachana Gangwar ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 27 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Petrography and Provenance study of Barakar Sandston, Barakar Formation, Raigarh Coal field, District Raigarh (C.G.) <p>Present paper deals with petrography of sandstone of Barakar Formation Raigarh coalfield Raigarh. In the study area, XI coal seams have been encountered. This study is based on subsurface sandstone samples collected from drill-hole cores. Core log data reveal occurrence of 25 inter-seam sandstone horizons designated as A to XY upward. These sandstone horizons are composed of medium to fine grained, moderately sorted (0.88 σ<sub>I</sub>), fine skewed (0.23 SK<sub>I</sub>) and leptokurtic (1.65 K<sub>G</sub>) detrital grains. Most of the detrital grains exhibit floating contacts (36.92%) followed by point (30.52%), long (5.66%), concavo-convex (3.49%) and rarely sutured contacts (0.45%), suggesting loose to moderate packing. The detrital composition of sandstone is represented by quartz 47.28% - 83.57%, feldspar 0.16%-23.25%, mica 0% - 13.68%, and rock fragments 0.37% - 8.88%. Matrix makes up 1.02% -26.71% and cement 1.53% - 24.95%. Following Dott (1964) the Barakar sandstones are divided into arenite and wacke clans. QFL, QmFLt and QFRF suggest a mixed continental block to recycled orogen provenance. The mineral maturity index (MMI) indicates immature to submature nature of these sandstones. The log ratio of the total quartz to rock fragment against total quartz to feldspar is indicative of low relief and humid climate, while fluvial depositional environment is ascertained by plotting grain size data on standard deviation versus mean size and standard deviation versus skewness plots of Friedman (1967).</p> Shahid Ali, M.W.Y. Khan ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 26 Nov 2018 23:13:39 +0000 Human Development among the Scheduled Tribe: A Comparative Enquiry in Chhattisgarh State <p class="Standard" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif;">Tribal communities are globally suffering from injustices and exclusion in terms of educational attainment, health accessibility and living standard. In fact, their scattered, isolated and remote habitation kept them away from benefits of development. However, tribal are regarded as earliest habitant in the land, their human development achievements remain poor than subsequent population. In this paper human development and inequality depicts through the various indices including Human Development Index (HDI), Gender Inequality Index (GII), Gender Development Index (GDI), and Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI). This paper attempts have been made to compare the achievement of human development indicators for a specific group, Scheduled tribe to the state average of Chhattisgarh. It also strives to discuss put forward critical comments on human development achievements of the tribal. For mapping the human development, several government reports and earlier studies have been reviewed. This study reveals that, in the state, Chhattisgarh, measure of human development among the tribal is found much lower than the rest of the population. Although, tribal are facing difficulties in accessing education, health and descent living standard, women belonging to this community are more likely to be employed and politically engaged and having greater economic ownership compared to the non-tribal, reported in this study.</span></p> Hari Ram, Jagdish Jadhav ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 27 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +0000 A comparative phytochemical evaluation of two exotic fruits and two fruits native to Kerala <p>The study was done to evaluate and compare the phytochemical and phytonutrient properties of selected native and exotic fruits. Earlier, only native fruits were available in any place but now, fruits from throughout the world can be procured from any place. It was earlier believed that fruits produced at specific season were best suited for that season and that place. Hence in order to compare the change in phytochemicals if any, this work was designed. The phytochemicals selected for investigation were glycosides, flavanoids, alkaloids, phenol, terpenoids, saponins, tannins and phyto nutrients like carbohydrate, vitamin C, protein and amino acid,&nbsp; in the extracts of 2 native (Jack fruit and Mango) and 2 exotic (Dragon fruit and Kiwi) fruit varieties. Mango (a native fruit) showed highest values in flavonoid (189.5 mg/g), saponin (162.105µg/g), glycoside (93.8 mg/g) terpenoid (244.997mg/g) and alkaloid (850.957) content. Jack fruit showed high concentration of tannin (1142.856 mg/g), amino acid (51.25µg/g) and carbohydrate (636 mg/g) content. Kiwi was found to be the fruit with highest protein (3.31 mg/g) and phenol (0.137mg/g) content. Dragon had highest content of vitamin C content. The nutrients present in the fruits provide essential health benefits while the phytochemicals give protection from a series of natural health defects. To reach a conclusion, all fruits in the nature whether native or exotic were beneficiary to human health. But fruits may also have a spatial and temporal effect on human health as their production is controlled by environmental factors of the area and thus can differ in the phytochemical content.</p> Jincy Rose K R, Ayona Jayadev ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 27 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Roots of Indian Feminism Reflected in Kundanika Kapadia’s “seven steps in the sky <p>Feminism in India had to take care of various fundamental issues related to the upliftment of women. In the West it must have been space, position, independence and power and liberation for the well educated self sufficient women. Here in India Feminism began with social reformation for the welfare of the suffering, illiterate and enslaved women. Indian women have voiced their actual feelings through fictional works. This research article aims to explore aspects of Feminism as depicted in the novel Seven Steps in the Sky (1994) by Kundanika Kapadia. Though women did not participate actively in the feminist movements at that time, the subdued urge for a respectable position in society can be observed in the women characters of her novels. As the women became educated they gained awareness regarding equal rights and privileges. Therefore for the purpose of exploring Feminism in India, this novel has been selected and the women characters in them have been analyzed.</p> Bharti Dave ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 27 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Social Responsibility: The SME Case What To Expect From CSR Engagement: An SME Perspective <p>Contemporary literature unanimously points towards need of further research to build our understanding on the relationship of ‘Small and Medium-sized Enterprises’ (SMEs) and ‘Corporate Social Responsibility’ (CSR). The extant publications on this subject have clear bias towards large corporations. The phenomenon is more striking in Indian context. Hence, the researcher decided to investigate the CSR aspect of SMEs through his doctoral research. He surveyed 226 manufacturing SMEs in Bhosari industrial area (a thriving industrial hub near Pune). This paper is an excerpt from his doctoral thesis where the benefit aspect of the SMEs-CSR engagement is discussed in detail. The researcher enquired on the benefits perceived by SME-owners out of adopting socially responsible business practices. The study further correlates the perceived benefits with CSR awareness of these firms. The analysis asserts that internal benefits (retaining their current employees, improving motivation level of the existing employees and better economic performance) were perceived as more important benefits by CSR-aware SMEs whereas external benefits (organizational reputation and recruitment) could not be well perceived as benefits of being socially responsible.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Anthony Rose, Prabhat Kumar ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 27 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Foreign Direct Investments in Insurance Industry in India: Opportunites and Challenges <p>The study is an attempt to examine the growth of Foreign Direct Investments in insurance industry in India. As the Indian insurance sector has, of late, been witnessing a spate of mergers and acquisitions (M&amp;As) with many joint venture partners expressing their intent to look for new foreign partners. The annual data from 2004-2016 of the variables is considered for the study. Compounded Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) methodology has been used for the study. The outcome of this study suggests that there is a positive growth rate of FDI in Life insurance companies and Non-Life Insurance companies.</p> Faniza Joshi, Harpreet Kaur Kohli ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 27 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Practice Based Rural Community Camp – A Social Work Perspective <p>Social Work Camp is part of academics in social work curriculum.&nbsp; A renowned Professor of Social Work Subhedar affirms that “Social work camp help students in understanding the core of rural life, their problems and needs, and help them in preparing a plan for social work practice and community development”.&nbsp; The purpose of the camp is to retain students in village to gain a firsthand experience of village life by participating in camp activities being part for about seven to ten days.&nbsp; During the camp, Social Work trainees are expected to analyse the different aspects of community life.&nbsp; It helps to understand core issues, problems and needs, so that trainees could prepare interventions and programmes for the community.&nbsp; In the present study the researcher explains the experiences of a camp organized in rural area of Chamarajanagar (D) Sourthern part of Karnataka (S), India.&nbsp; The preliminary work for the camp was done during January 2018.&nbsp; Between January and March 2018 two different villages were visited.&nbsp; Due to circumstances of language barrier in tribal habituation, the camp committee decided to proceed towards rural camp held during April 2018.&nbsp; A series of planned programmes were successfully executed for the community as part of the camp such as Transect walk, Participatory Rural Appraisal, Shramadan (Physical Activity/help), Socio-economic Survey, Meeting with Self Help Group of women, Cultural programme, Group activities, Jatha/ awareness programme, family living were an eye opener for self learning, further led to application of social work tools and techniques, methods of social work wherever it is necessary. Descriptive research has been adopted to describe the experiences of the camp. &nbsp;The present study explains the students learning experiences from practice based social work in a rural community camp.</p> M C Sandhyarani ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 26 Nov 2018 23:30:53 +0000 Childhood Overweight Causative Factors: An Ayurvedic Approach <p>Childhood overweight is becoming a major non communicable public health problem of increasing concern in the developing countries like India. The World Health Organization designated the non communicable disorders like overweight/obesity as a global epidemic. India is also facing the epidemic of overweight/obesity and its co-morbidities, especially in childhood and adolescent age groups. Overweight/obesity affects the multisystem in human body, needs multi-systemic approach of management. Ayurveda the science of life included the lifestyle (<em>Vihara</em>) and Diet (<em>Ahara</em>) as causative factors of any disease. The altered life style, food patterns, quality and quantity of diet, increased physical inactivity, preserved junk foods, increased sedentary life style, etc are known factors which causes childhood obesity in India.The eight avoidable patients list (<em>Ashtaunindit purushas</em>) described by Ancient Ayurveda scholars includes the disease <em>Sthaulya</em> (overweight/obesity) along with the multi channel approach of management, with the details of factors causing <em>Sthaulya</em>, pathophysiology (<em>Samprapti</em>) and the details of treatment with exercise (<em>vyayam / vihar</em>), dietary (<em>Ahar</em>) interventions, remedies along with the body - purification / detoxification (<em>panchakarma</em>) procedures. Ancient scholars of Ayurveda describe the importance of restriction/avoidance of disease causing factors and then the medicinal management as per the <em>Dosha-Dhatu-Mala</em> conditions. This article highlights the factors causing childhood overweight with its evaluation as per Ayurvedic principles.</p> Ramchandra P. Babar, Shravani Gund, Jayashree Nandgaonkar, Rahul Gujarathi ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 27 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Causes and Consequences of Alcohol Addiction Among Youth in Pune City <p><em>In India alcoholism is not a new phenomenon. India could be called the first alcohol culture in the world. The frequency of alcohol addicts today, is much more than ever before. The tendency of alcohol consumptions has percolated down the youth. This study focused on the socio-economic conditions of alcohol addicted people and their age of begin consuming alcohol. This study explores the causes of alcoholism consequences of alcoholism on the physical and mental health. The result of the study shows that marital problems, economic insecurity, family disruption etc. are some of the major causes of alcoholism among youth. This study reveals that, there are many physical and mental health problems faced by youth due to alcoholism. </em></p> Kuldeep S Yadav, B.T. Lawani ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 27 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Social Protection Programs and Pro-Poor Economic Growth in Times of Economic Crisis <p>The purpose of this research is to analyze the role of social protection programs in reinforcing the pro-poor economic growth in times of economic crisis, by giving evidence from the latest world financial and economic crisis. From this perspective, it examines the role of social protection programs in achieving sustainable economic growth, especially in developing countries, and how an effective social protection system can be a pathway to economic recovery in times of crisis by reviewing the case of Latin America and the Caribbean countries. It concludes the crucial role of social protection in achieving pro-poor growth and tackling the effects of economic crisis.</p> Hebatallah Adam ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 27 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +0000 A Critical Study of Interrelationship Myth, Culture and Literature <p>Every human being is greatly influenced by her/his culture as the whole way of life. Any particular culture as a whole way of life comprises of many things and is influenced several historical, geographical, philosophical and political factors. It is influenced by myths, legends, folktales so on. Myth plays a significant role in the development of society in general and an individual in particular. Though there is a tendency to reject myth/s as an outdated story/ies in modern times, the truth is that none can be free of the myth/s or at least of the metaphorical manifestations of myth/s. Myth/s has/have been central to all the cultures of the world.</p> <p>Literature is the record of a particular culture. It helps in retaining the culture in its existing forms. Literature also contains philosophy of life. It cannot be limited to one aspect of life. It deals with multiple aspects of life including cultural and cross-cultural issues. It has generally been observed that the literature of a particular culture is greatly influenced by the mythology of that culture. Therefore, it is also the record of stories of mythology. Literature helps to retain culture and myth. There is a close connection between myth culture and literature.&nbsp;</p> <p>The present paper explains the interrelation between the myth, culture and religion by considering the existing theories prevalent in academia and attempts to explore the intricacies of their interrelationship.</p> Bibhishan Rokdiba Phad ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 27 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +0000 World class Health care Services delivered affordably at the Bottom of the pyramid: Case study of Sri Sainath Hospital Shridi <p>An isolated variation exists in the healthcare services accessible to the rural and urban inhabitants in India. 70% rural population lives in India’s 6.5 lakh villages. The critical statement of problem is that of availability and accessibility of health care services in rural areas. Rural areas do not have much awareness about the lifestyle diseases like Hypertension, Diabetes, Cardiac Problem, Obesity, addiction of alcohol &amp; Tobacco. Situation calls for the assembly of accumulation consciousness among the rural masses to minimize the magnitude of the problem and bring in social change. In the light of the India’s health status outlined above, the present study is designed to explore the availability of health care services rendered in rural areas by Shri Sainath Hospital in Ahmednagar districts of Maharashtra state. This case study elaborates about a hodgepodge of services and approaches adapted to make health care management service accessible at reasonable prices to masses at lowest feasible cost. Case highlights the significance of customer centric approach and examines the accessibility of the service provided by the hospital in those areas where hospitals are not available. The case draws consideration of government alliance with the hospital to serve all the government benefits to the patient in an efficient manner. <br>Expected Learning outcome: The case is suitable for students pursuing a post graduate course in Healthcare management, Hospital Management or Strategic Management. The case present opportunity to assess the strategy adopted by the hospital of Availability, Affordability, Acceptability of healthcare service at the foundation of the pyramid <br> </p> Rahul Khandelwal, Meera Kulkarni ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 27 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +0000 विदेशी भाषा मोह से-हिन्दी भाषा संकट में <p>भाषा एक ऐसा माध्यम है जिसके द्वारा हम न केवल अपने विचारों का आदान-प्रदान करते हैं।&nbsp; भारत जैसे बहुभाषी देश में हिन्दी ही एकमात्र भाषा है, जो सर्वाधिक जनता का प्रतिनिधित्व करती है।</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;आज हमारे देश में अंग्रेजी का प्रभाव कुछ इस कदर छाया हुआ है कि कोई भी पढ़ा-लिखा यहाँ तक कि निरक्षर भी अपने बच्चों को अंग्रजी माध्यम के स्कूल में ही शिक्षा देने में गर्व का अनुभव करता है। भारत एक कृषि प्रधान देश है किन्तु फिर भी यहाँ किसानों से संबंधित जो भी वार्ताए प्रसारित की जाती हैं वे अक्सर या तो अंग्रेजी में होती हैं या अंग्रेजी प्रधान शब्दों से भरी हुई होती हैं। आज हिन्दी की स्थिति शोचनीय है इसका कारण यह भी है कि भारतवासियों को अपनी सामर्थ पर विश्वास नहीं है। कार्यालय आदि में हिन्दी में लिखे पत्रों पर भी अंग्रेजी में हस्ताक्षर किए जाते हैं। अंग्रेजी को हमने आधुनिकता का प्रतीक मान लिया है। हिन्दी भाषा को लेकर एक संकीर्ण मानसिकता का बीज अब भी हमारे बीच पनप रहा है। भाषा को लेकर कभी सकारात्मक रुप से कोई पहल नहीं हुई। हिन्दी के राजभाषा बनने में विशेष रुप से हिन्दी भाषी ही अवरोध बने हुए हैं। यदि हम अपनी बेचारगी वाली मानसिकता बदल लें और अपनी इच्छा शक्ति जगा लें तो हिन्दी को प्रभावी होने में कोई देरी न होगी।</p> Uma Chaudhari ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 26 Nov 2018 23:47:19 +0000 महिला सशक्तिकरण में सचूना प्रौोगिकी की भूमिकाःएक समाजशास्‍त्रीय अध्‍ययन <p>महिला सशक्तिकरण में सचूना प्रौोगिकी की भूमिकाःएक समाजशास्‍त्रीय अध्‍ययन</p> Swati Kumari ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 27 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +0000 वेब आधारीत ग्रंथालय सेवा <p>वेब आधारीत ग्रंथालय सेवा</p> Gopal Rajaram Patil ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 27 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +0000 ख्रिस्ती मिशनरी चळवळीतील धर्मप्रचारातील बदलते प्रवाह : एक शोध आणि उपाय. <p><strong>’</strong>भारतात बाहेरून आलेल्या अनेक प्रवाहापैकी,मिशनरी प्रवाह हा एक होय.ज्या प्रवाहाने &nbsp;भारताचा इतिहासाला एक नवे वळण दिले,त्याची मुळे भारतात संत थोमा याने जो प्रभू येशूच्या बारा शिष्यापैकी एक होता इसवी सणाचा पहिल्या शतकात केरळ येथे रोवली,पुढे अनेक मिशनरी आणि मिशनरी संस्था भारतात आपली मुळे जमवू लागली,त्यात ख्रिस्ती धर्माचे मुख्य पंथ प्रोटेस्त,कैथिलिक,ओर्थोडोक्स,आणि स्वतंत्र चर्चेस,यांचा समावेश होतो.त्याच बरोबर विलियम कैरी,बर्थोलोमास जीगांणबल्ग,फ्रान्सिस झेवियर,गोर्डन हॉल,या मिशनरी बरोबरच ,टिम मिशन,बाप्तीस्त चर्च ऑफ इंग्लंड,ऑस्ट्रेलियन चर्च,अमेरिकन मराठी मिशन या मिशनरी संस्थांनी आपला जम भारतात बसवला, या चार मुख्य पंथांचा एकच धर्म,एकच धर्मग्रंथ,असला तरी त्याच्या व्यवहारात त्यांचे विचार आणि परंपरा या भिन्न स्वरूपाच्या होत्या.तसेच काळानुसार या मिशनरी चळवळीत कोणते बदल घडून आलेले आहे?आज त्यांची वैचारिक पातळी बायबल वर आधारित आहे का ?आजच्या चर्चला सुधारणेची गरज आहे का?यांची काही कारणे आणि त्यावरील उपाय संशोधकाने या पेपरच्या माद्यमातून प्रस्तुत करण्याचा प्रयत्न केलेला आहे.’’</p> Vishwas Dalavi ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 27 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +0000