International Journal of Innovative Knowledge Concepts http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; <strong>Welcome to IJIKC</strong></p> <p><strong>International Journal of Innovative Knowledge Concepts (IJIKC)</strong> is approved by UGC and <strong>monthly </strong>published in English, Hindi &amp; Marathi for scholars, practitioners, and students. The Journal welcomes original research articles, book reviews, commentaries, correspondence, review articles, technical notes, short communications, case study, books, thesis and dissertation relevant to the fields of Agricultural Science, Ayurved, Biochemistry, Biotechnology, Botany, Chemistry, Commerce, Computer Science, Economics, Engineering, Environmental Sciences, Food Science, Geology, Geography, History, Horticulture, Library &amp; Information Science, Linguistics, Literature, Management Studies, Mathematics, Medical Sciences, Microbiology, Molecular Biology, Nursing, Pharmacy, Physics, Social Science, Zoology. All research papers submitted to the journal will be double blind peer reviewed referred by members of the editorial board.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;Indexed</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;<strong>International Journal of Innovative Knowledge Concepts (IJIKC)</strong> is included in different indexing agencies, <strong><a href="https://scholar.google.co.in/scholar?q=%22International+Journal+of+Innovative+Knowledge+Concepts%22&amp;btnG=&amp;hl=en&amp;as_sdt=0%2C5">Google Scholar</a></strong>, <a href="http://www.base-search.net/Search/Results?lookfor=International+Journal+of+Innovative+Knowledge+Concepts&amp;type=all&amp;oaboost=1&amp;ling=1&amp;name=&amp;thes=&amp;refid=dcresen&amp;newsearch=1"><strong>BASE - Bielefeld Academic Search Engine,</strong></a> Directory of Research Journal Indexing<strong> etc.</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Sonhira Publication, Pune, India en-US International Journal of Innovative Knowledge Concepts 2454-2415 <p>Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, without the written consent of the Publisher. The Editors reserve the right to edit or otherwise alter all contributions, but authors will receive proofs for approval before publication.</p> <p>Copyrights for articles published in International Journal of Innovative Knowledge Concepts are retained by the authors, with first publication rights granted to the journal. The journal/publisher is not responsible for subsequent uses of the work. It is the author's responsibility to bring an infringement action if so desired by the author.</p> Effect of stress on Librarians job performance in Mumbai Suburban College Libraries: A Study. http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/1868 <p>The library is heart of the educational Institution. The librarians are performing their jobs to fulfill the objective of the parent organization or institution. In the digital era they have to manage both like print and Non print materials, other than that they are asking to do some work not related to libraries.Because of that librarians are facing the stress. In this paper the author tried to find out causes, consequences, types of stresses</p> V. Chitra N. Murugeswari ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-27 2019-07-27 7 7 01 06 Communication: The Old, The New, and The Unusual skills for Message Transfer http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/2121 <p>Communication plays a vital role in all that a living being does. The use of codes, symbols and technology is a blessing to human beings alone from the almighty. Over the years the generation of the nineteenth and the twentieth century have witnessed great advancements in the field of communication. The steady growth, which has annihilated distance and strengthened relation, proves that man has made a good use of the intelligence which differentiates him from other living beings who also can communicate. Wireless technology has put in the hands of all, a remote control, a mobile phone which are definite blessings. It is expected that the technology is not misused as human race progresses ahead.Communication is as old as the human race.It has the blessings of permanence. What keeps changing is the way messages are communicated. The ways change according to times and what is new today becomes old and outdated tomorrow.</p> J.M. Moholkar ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-27 2019-07-27 7 7 07 11 An Analytical Study of Crop Loan Disbursement in Ahmednagar District with Special Reference to Lead Bank Credit Plan http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/2196 <p>Indian banking sector is an important constituent of the Indian financial system. The banking sector plays a vital role through promoting business in urban as well as in rural areas in recent years. It helps to develop economy of the country. Rural financial market development is a complex process and examined through various committees. Priority Sector Lending, Lead Bank Scheme, Service Area Approach etc. are some outcomes of the repeated scrutiny of the system. India is primarily an agriculture based country. Agriculture contributes nearly one fifth of the gross domestic product in India. Therefore, it is always said that rural development can‟t be completed without agricultural development. Hence, this researches paper emphasis an agriculture credit and credit plan prepared for priority sector lending.</p> Mohasin A Tamboli Nilesh Bankar ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-27 2019-07-27 7 7 12 15 Feminist Discourses and the Study of Religion http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/2200 <p><em>The main strategy of this paper is to analyze and examine with critical outlook about feminist discourse and the study of religion. Feminism is vibrant theory which voices in favor of women rights at par with male rights. Feminism in general goes against religious sanctions. Ironically, the impact of religion is colossal even to women. It reveals that majority of women are the pathfinders of religious matters. They assemble at large in Christian Church, religious temple. Thus nobody can deny the impact of religion in feminist discourse. This paper attempts to substantiate at length the role of religion, conventional or new, in feminism. Feminism does not bear any sense if it contradicts with religion. In fact true religion guides feminist discourse in proper manner. </em></p> Laxmi Saha ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-27 2019-07-27 7 7 16 19 Formulation and Standardization of Grape Seed Powder Incorporated Bread and Its Evaluation http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/2202 <p>Grape seeds from grape pomace, a waste product generated during juice extraction, contain a high amount of fiber, valuable fatty acids, proteins, sugars, mineral, antioxidants and polyphenols. Grape Seed Powder (GSP) was explored for use in bread production due to its potential health benefits. Dough and breads were prepared using different levels of replacement of wheat powder with GSP (5, 10, 15 and 20%, on powder basis). Bread sensory properties during three days of storage were assessed. Incorporating Grape seed powder in bread formulations significantly (p&lt;0.05) influenced sensory parameters of breads. Addition of more than 10% Grape seed powder (GSP) decreased overall acceptability of bread. Our findings indicate that GSP-fortified bread is promising to be developed as a functional food with a high antioxidant activity.</p> S Parameshwari M Swathi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-27 2019-07-27 7 7 20 25 Open Educational Resources as an Innovative Pathway for Enhancing Quality Education with Minimum Financial Affordability http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/2218 <p><em>The best education system is that syndicate equity and quality. Integration of technology in education become a common practices and technology motivate the learners to expand and update knowledge day by day. Open educational resources are newly emerged technological innovation which facilitate flexible learning environment to the learners. Open educational resources are the web resources which distribute knowledge for free.&nbsp;&nbsp; It gives the possibility to the makers and users of open resources to enhance and build qualitative knowledge community. This paper focuses on the importance of open educational resources as an innovative pathway for enhancing quality education with minimum financial affordability. </em></p> Ashalatha S. V. P. Joshith ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-27 2019-07-27 7 7 26 31 The cult of Chastity: A Feministic Study of the Pearl S. Buck’s The Mother http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/2219 <p>Pearl S. Buck’s novel <em>The Mother</em> provides a glimpse of pre-revolutionary China and status of women in that society. She through her novels brings into light that how society influenced the minds of the women turning them into mere slaves and restricting or denying them the freedom and the fulfillment of their desires. The sexual morality of a woman was a main concern or issue that the Confucius society of China imposed upon on them. It proposed certain codes and conduct of behavior which were to be strictly followed by all women that included the virtues of silence, patience, humility, obedience and chastity. In a male dominated society like China, women were deprived of all social, political and legal rights and were often rendered as weak, inferior and worthless creatures. The present research paper undertakes the study of this novel which deals with the feminine oppression and marginalization in a feudal society and the deep rooted cult of feminine chastity among the Chinese through the story of her nameless protagonist ‘the mother.’ The chastity of women was a prime focus in Chinese culture and whatever the circumstances were she had to live up to that. Buck through this novel gives the universal portrait of the eternal mother who lives through her loneliness, despair and frustration.</p> Kamal Kumar ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-27 2019-07-27 7 7 32 36 Performance Comparison of Max Product and Minimum Sum Belief Propagation http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/2227 <p>The stereo pair image consists of two images of same scene or object taken slightly horizontally separated points from left and right view. The phenomena of parallax effect present in stereo pair image due to above shift object near to the camera appears more to the right in left image whereas more left in right image. The stereo matching / stereo correspondence &nbsp;technique, finds the horizontal matching pixel in stereo pair is known as disparity whereas for each pixel coordinates is’ Disparity Map’ .There are local and global methods to find ‘Disparity Map’. The global method is based on Bayesian approach which computes ‘Disparity Map’ as minimum energy formulation.</p> <p>To optimize energy minimization formulation, “Belief Propagation (BP)” method is one of many available inference methods which can be used efficiently. The Belief Propagation (BP) method is based on probability theory ,finds beliefs or marginal probability by passing the messages around possible unknown disparity values. The beliefs or marginal probability can be evaluated either by Maximum A Posteriori (MAP) assignment or using log space. The beliefs or marginal probability findings&nbsp; based on Maximum A Posteriori(MAP)&nbsp; estimation is known as Max product&nbsp; Belief Propagation(BP) whereas based on log space is known as Minimum Sum Belief Propagation(BP).</p> <p>In this paper we are comparing and analyzing computational parameters of Mean Square Error per pixel and Peak signal Noise Ratio in dB of Disparity Map using Max product Belief Propagation (BP) as well as by Minimum Sum Belief Propagation (BP).Further runtime also analyzed and objects in stereo pair due to depth discontinuities are detected efficiently by Minimum Sum Belief Propagation</p> Chitra Suresh ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-27 2019-07-27 7 7 37 45 Efforts towards Improvement of Competencies in Learning English: An Overview http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/2233 <p>English as an international language is regarded as a ‘skill’ rather than a subject. In India, English is generally studied as a second language. Besides being an international language, English achieves the status of a ‘window language’ and a ‘library language’. With the advent of modernization and technology, skills in English language is necessary not only for international communication but also for staying a step ahead in the field of employment and personality grooming. The acquisition of English involves two skills: Receptive skills and productive skills; Listening and Reading are regarded as Receptive skills whereas Speaking and Writing are the Productive skills. Since the years, it has been a matter of concern for the educationists to investigate the existing situation of acquiring competencies in English from the very Elementary level to the Undergraduate level. The present study is basically a review of the existing literature in the area of different skills and methods of teaching involved in English language. It aims to synthesize the previously conducted studies trace a knowledge gap for conducting further researches.</p> Sangita Banerjee Puja Sarkar/Bal ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-27 2019-07-27 7 7 46 52 Monitorial System: was it really an Indian idea? http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/2235 <p><strong>The article traces the journey of the origin and development of the monitorial system.&nbsp; It was also known as the Bell-Lancaster method on the name of its two popularizers.&nbsp; The trajectory of the Monitorial System is quite interesting. As claimed by Andrew Bell this system was practiced in India and had its roots of origin in Madras hence its name the Madras School. But when we delve deeper we get acquainted with certain astonishing facts that it was never the case in India because there is no authenticity to this that it was being followed here and it was only later after Bell propounded this system that it became to be followed in. Though it became quite popular in the nineteenth century in England and Europe yet it proved to be an inefficient and incompetent way of providing substitutes for teachers. A fellow student helping another class mate can never be a teacher but only a help. Moreover, without being equipped with the training to teach how can a student enjoy the status of being a teacher? Furthermore it explores the causes that lead to its gradual decline inspite of it scaling the heights of glory. Its practice (if any) in India is also looked into. This article substantiates the fact that a pupil-teacher can never be a master but can only be an imperfect substitute for them.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</strong></p> Sarabjeet Kaur ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-27 2019-07-27 7 7 53 60 Ecotourism Studies: Lessons From Literature Review http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/2240 <p><em>Tourism is a widely acclaimed cultural-cum-economic activity through out the world. It has also evolved into a discipline where training and education is offered. Tourism may be classified into several sectors and categories, in which nature-based tourism occupies a significant place. However, the negative environmental and ecological impacts associated with such tourism are also largely acknowledged. The notion of ecotourism developed to address this concern and suggests ways to mellow these down to a reversible level that is sustainable in long-term. Several concepts, theories and hypotheses have been formulated to this effect. This paper attempts to examine, understand and present the collected information from scholarly works in such field in an assorted way to build a knowledge base as well as assist focused studies in this subject area. It also provides insights into both qualitative and quantitative approaches that discuss ecotourism assessment parameters, tools/metrics &amp; indices advocated by different researchers. Carrying capacity and ecological footprint methodologies are important tracks in this direction. The literature review spans a little over three decades, ending almost recent time. In the process of the discourse, ecotourism also emerges as part of sustainable development due to its close connection with natural resources, ecology and dependent community.</em></p> Soumik Sarkar Suchandra Bardhan Pranabes Sanyal ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-27 2019-07-27 7 7 61 73 The Efficacy Of Aragwadh Patra Churna With Kanji (Externally Lepa) in the Management of Dadru W.S.R. To Tinea Corporis http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/2241 <p>10 patients were selected as per inclusive criteria with presenting symptoms Kandu, Skin colour change, Visarpan, Vrana, No. of Mandala etc. The Study was single open clinical trial. All the patients administered Aragwadh Patra Churna with Kanji for External lepa on Skin lesion. The assessment of treatment was done on 0, 7<sup>th</sup>, 14<sup>th</sup> day. The Aragwadh Patra Churna with Kanji showed significant relief in above symptoms during / after treatment. During study period no any adverse effects of drugs were seen. The Aragwadh Patra Churna with Kanji is safe and effective in Dadru.</p> Omkar Sanjay Powar Snehalata Sagar Salunkhe ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-27 2019-07-27 7 7 74 77 Comparison of Soft Computing Techniques for Trap Efficiency- A Reservoir Case Study http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/2244 <p>Reservoirs are built across the streams to store water and serve the human kind during the periods of requirement. But along the water, the sediment also gets stored in the space created and the quantity of water stored in the reservoir gets reduced. There are different methods to determine the quantity of this sediment. Of all the methods, the simplest way is through the concept of trap efficiency of reservoir. Different empirical formulae are available to determine the trap efficiency of reservoir. In this study, the soft computing methods such as Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) and Fuzzy Logic are applied using the Matlab software has been. These techniques are applied for the Sriramsagar reservoir of Godavari basin. The root mean square error (RMSE) value for the trap efficiency values generated by the ANN and the fuzzy logic indicates that the ANN model simulates the trap efficiency values with less error, when compared to that of the fuzzy logic model values. The model efficiency value for the ANN model is positive, where as it is negative with very less value for the fuzzy logic model, which indicates that the efficiency of the ANN model is better than that of fuzzy logic model.</p> Qamar Sultana M. Gopal Naik ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-27 2019-07-27 7 7 78 90 An observational study to quantify the measure of Anjali Pramana - A pilot study http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/2246 <p>‘<em>Anjali’</em> is the unit described in Ayurveda text which denotes the specific quantity or volume of the liquids. There are number of <em>Sharira</em> <em>Bhava</em> which exist in liquid state. In the classic texts of <em>Ayurveda</em> viz. <em>Charaka</em> <em>Samhita</em> the normal quantity of these <em>Drava</em> <em>Sharira</em>-<em>Bhava</em> is mentioned in terms of <em>Anjali</em>. <em>Ayurvedic</em> terminologies should be expressed in universal system of units for better understanding. In this pilot study the <em>Anjali</em> <em>Pramana</em> of 30 respondents of the age group between 25 years to 30 years were recorded. The mean of the readings for men &amp; women was obtained. The measure of one <em>Anjali</em> for a woman is 100 ml &amp; for a man it is 135 ml.</p> Neha Dattatraya Gadgil Akshar Ashok Kulkarni ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-27 2019-07-27 7 7 91 93 Elastic Constant of Natural Fiber Reinforced Composites of Borassus Fleblifier at Different Temperature http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/2247 <p>Present investigation is an attempt to develop a good quality natural fiber reinforced composite from different parts of Borassus flablifier. Ultrasonic velocity is related to some elastic constant. Ultrasonic interferometer has been employed for measurement of elasticity of different sample. Composite made up of stem material has higher values of elastic constant compared to other part of the tree. Stem composite has higher elastic properties while leaf composite has some lower values. Material may apply for the development of composites of the different strength using Borassus fleblifier fibers.</p> Phadke S. ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-27 2019-07-27 7 7 94 98 Coronary Heart Disease detection and diagnosis using Artificial Neural Network http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/2248 <p>Every year we see that the expiry percentage increases as an outcome of heart syndrome. There are many factors which lead to this increase. Diagnosis of this disease should be perfect so as to reduce this increase; whereas, a misdiagnosis by the doctors or lack of knowledge in the patient may lead to an increase in expiry percentage. This blood coagulates totally lumps the veins, the heart muscle becomes “ravenous” for oxygen. Within a small duration of time, a decrease of heart muscle cells occurs, triggering lasting injury. This is cardiac disease. This paper considered various factors for the identification of heart disease, the problems, and the cures for the same. An intelligent system has been implemented which can be used to diagnose heart diseases. The developed system may be used to avoid the wrong judgment which is the major fault that may happen by physicians. For the implementation of the intelligent system, we have used the data of stat log for heart disease. The database consists of characteristics of persons being spotted for cardiac problems. The finding was used to approve a patient having cardiac disorder or not. We have used eleven different clinical datasets for this test. The collected data were used for three activities, first for the training of the network, second was validation followed by testing of network with data for which it was trained. The smart system was demonstrated on three different techniques, Feed Forward Back Propagation, Cascade Forward and Layer Recurrent model. While doing this study, we observed a performance of 74.55 and 87.935 for cascade forward model and Feed Forward with Back Propagation model respectively. From this experimentation about the identification of coronary heart syndrome, from the experiment it is revealed that the best prototype is Feed Forward with Back Propagation among all three tested prototypes.</p> Seema Rani Rajbir Kaur Amit Wason ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-27 2019-07-27 7 7 99 106 People’s cultural response to minimizing the impact of Flood on agricultural crops: A case study http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/2256 <p>Every year flood affects severely in the agricultural activities of Dhemaji Development Block. Due to lack of awareness or may be for other reasons, majority of the respondents were still not able to protect their crops from annual flood damage. Only few respondents have locally taken some precautionary measures towards protecting of their agricultural crops from the annual flood damaged. These measures are mainly experimental in nature learned over the years of living with the flood. In this backdrop, the present study aims to find out the preventive measures, their results which peoples have adopted to minimize the impact of flood on their agricultural crops.</p> Anup Hazarika ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-27 2019-07-27 7 7 107 109 IMPACT OF TECHNOLOGY ON MALABAR WOMEN http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/2262 <p>Caste atrocities, colonisation and religious fundamentalism brought infinite hardships to the life of Malabar women. Though decolonisation and eradication of caste system brought changes, exposure to the mainstream remained as a dream. The gush oil in the Arabian lands boosted migration from the Malabar region bringing about progress and advancement to the region. The women folk of Malabar enjoyed the benefits of progress in the field of education and access to the mainstream. Technological advancement brought about through the experiences of migration helped the women to take part in the affairs of family and the society.&nbsp; This paper tries to analyse the impact of technology on Malabar women.</p> Mohammed Shafeer K.P. ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-27 2019-07-27 7 7 110 112 An Analysis on the Association between Poverty and Marginalisation among the Marine fisher folk in Kerala http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/2265 <p><em>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Fisheries sector is recognized as a promising sub-sector of agriculture and allied activities. </em><em>It accounts for regarding about 5.4 per cent of the world fish production. India is a major producer of fish through aquaculture, ranks second within the world once China. The sector contributes regarding 1 per cent to the overall GDP and around 5.5 per cent of the GDP from Agriculture and allied activities. This study is an endeavor to analysis the interrelation between factors associated to poverty and marginalisation among the marine fisher folk in Kerala and additionally examines their significant </em><em>difference across the three geographical regions.</em></p> Vineetha T ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-27 2019-07-27 7 7 113 122 Locating Gender in the Socio-Religious Life of the Meiteis: From Myth to Reality http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/2270 <p><em>The paper tries to examine the role of gender in the Meitei society. In this exercise, it tries to understand the functioning of kinship principles such as patriliny and patriarchy in the society by analysing accounts taken both from their myth of origin as well as their contemporary socio-religious life. In other words, it attempts to explain that the dominance of men and the essence of importance given to men in the Meitei society are all symbolised in their myth of origin and executed in their contemporary lived reality. &nbsp;</em></p> Oinam Ronnie Chanu ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-27 2019-07-27 7 7 123 128 Effectiveness of Rainwater Harvesting –A study of Domestic Rooftop Rainwater Harvesting in Kerala http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/2272 <p><em>Kerala, the ‘God’s Own Country’ is blessed with the beauty of green vegetation covering, rivers, ponds, backwaters, reservoirs, wells, springs, lakes and many other natural resources. As it is located in the humid tropics, it is also blessed with high rainfall and it is considered as the ‘Land of Water’.&nbsp; It is also blessed with two predominant rainy seasons- South west monsoon from June to September and the North East Monsoon from October to December.&nbsp; The state gets summer showers also. </em><em>Despite the abundant water resources, Kerala faces water scarcity between the month of February and mid-May every year.&nbsp; Thus Kerala is a state which is characterized by both the abundance and scarcity of water.&nbsp; </em><em>People are usually complaining about the lack of water but during the monsoon, plenty of water goes waste into the gutters.&nbsp; This demands for an effective management of water during the water abundant days and its judicious use during dry periods. This is where Rainwater Harvesting proves to be one of the efficient ways to conserve water. With the growing increase in population along with urbanization and industrialization, the demand for water is continuously increasing.&nbsp; </em><em>&nbsp;</em><em>Harvesting the precious rainwater is an option where the conventional water supply systems have failed to satisfy the water demand of the people.&nbsp; Rainwater harvesting primarily consists of the collection, storage and use of captured rainwater either as a supplementary source of water or as a principal source of water.</em><em> The present paper is an attempt to estimate the effectiveness of Domestic Rooftop Rainwater Harvesting System in Kerala through a systematic approach.&nbsp; Rainwater from roof catchments can be a valuable source of water and quite safe to drink when stored in a properly installed and well maintained water storage system. </em></p> Lalija V.K. ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-27 2019-07-27 7 7 129 136 Total Quality Management (TQM) in Higher Education: A Conceptual Study http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/2275 <p>Higher education provides deep knowledge and understanding about the nation, society and the global scenario in order to develop new learners with information on different ways of life. It mainly develops the ability of the students to question and seek truth and make him/her competent to critique on contemporary issues. In this present era, some issues are emerging with the rapid growth of population. The present paper depicts the role of higher education in the Indian context and the implementation of Total Quality Management (TQM) in higher education. We have made an attempt to explain the basic principles of TQM in terms of SWOC analysis (Strength, Weakness, Opportunities &amp; Challenges) of an organization which is the basic requirement for its development. At the end of the paper, Deming's idea of implementing TQM in the educational set up with reference to the PDCA cycle (Plan, Do, Check &amp; Action) has been analyzed.</p> Venkateswar Meher Rajashree Baral ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-27 2019-07-27 7 7 137 141 AnaCredit – Compliance requirements & associated opportunities http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/2278 <p>During the banking crises in Europe, it was witnessed that European banks are not fully equipped with the identification and aggregation of credit exposures in spite of the widespread availability of credit data and sumptuous reporting structure. This necessitated the banks to have a much more extensive reporting and have to prepare a wider set of compliance reports in order to cope with such crises. AnaCredit (analytical credit dataset) is a new regulatory requirement enforced by European Central Bank (ECB) requiring the collection of granular credit (individual loan level) data, using a list of data attributes spread over 10 interrelated tables<sup>1</sup>. It is a three stage project initiated in 2014 and is expected to come in full effect by 2020<sup>3</sup>. Though it is consistent across all member states of euro system, other member states which are not part of the euro system are also invited to participate, for example Denmark and Sweden has also started preparing the similar databases. The scope and the regulatory requirement has been published for the first phase, and for the further phases it will be published in the near future. The intention behind introducing this concept is that the individual loan data under AnaCredit can be used for monitoring the performance of whole Eurozone credit market in the future.</p> Mohini Yadav ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-27 2019-07-27 7 7 142 144 The Impact of Collaborative Concept Mapping On Students’ Conceptual Understanding In Social Science http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/2281 <p><strong><em>Aims</em></strong>: The present research paper aims at exploring the impact of collaborative concept mapping (CCM) on students’ conceptual understanding in social science with the help of the collaborative concept mapping. Novak and Gowin (1984) defined concept map as a schematic device for representing a set of concept meanings embedded in a framework of propositions. When the concept maps are made with the collaboration of peers or teacher it is called collaborative concept mapping.</p> <p>&nbsp;<strong><em>Method</em></strong>: In this study the students of class IX were tested with an achievement test based on their conceptual understanding in the selected topics of social science, and then they were given some focus questions to make collaborative concept maps in groups. The groups made were based on the achievement levels of the students i.e. high achievers, medium achievers, low achievers and mixed groups. They were tested again after collaborative concept mapping with the achievement test and their scores of post test were compared with pre test scores using t test.</p> <p>&nbsp;<strong><em>Findings</em></strong>: The study indicated a significant impact of CCM on students’ understanding of concepts. It was also found that middle group achieved the most through the CCM activity. Furthermore it was found that lower group were least affected by the collaborative concept mapping, however there was also positive impact of CCM on them.</p> Sunil Kumar Pandey ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-27 2019-07-27 7 7 145 150 Aggression and Violence Provoking Music: A Comparative Study http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/2284 <p>The increasing popularity of music among young people establishes its importance as an influential factor in their life. Many research studies point out to a linkage between music and behavior. This paper focusses on the role of violence provoking music and its relation to the deviant behavior in adolescents and young adults. The present study investigates the effects of violent music on the aggression level of adolescents and young adults. A sample of 100 individuals i.e. 50 adolescents of 15-18 years of age and 50 young adults of 19-21 years of age were taken. A self constructed music preference questionnaire was used to assess the music preferences of the sample. Buss and Perry (1992) aggression questionnaire was used to assess the aggressive tendency. The results clearly establish that violence provoking music can lead to increase in aggression levels in both adolescents and young adults. However, the effect of such music is similar for both age groups with no significant difference in aggression levels between adolescents and young adults who listen to violence provoking music.</p> Pooja Jaggi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-27 2019-07-27 7 7 151 164 Socio- Legal Perspective of Juvenile Delinquency http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/2285 <p>Children represent the country and are the future of the country. The problem of juvenile delinquency is not new. It occurs in all societies simple as well as complex. In developing country like India the problem of juvenile neglect and delinquency is considerably low but gradually increasing.&nbsp; Considering the magnitude of the problem and issues involved, analysis indicate that the number of factors responsible for juvenile delinquency are&nbsp; interrelated, based on socio-economic and psychological reasons. &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p>“Juvenile Delinquency” refers to anti social or illegal behaviour by children or adolescence, and these children who commit crimes come under the jurisdiction of Juvenile court. In India there is legislative history to control and combat Juvenile Delinquency. The latest being the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015 in the wake of the Delhi gang&nbsp; rape case where a juvenile was accused among the others. Prior to the 2015 Act the juveniles were treated leniently but under the 2015 Act a juvenile between 16-18 years is meted out with the same punishment as that of an adult.&nbsp;</p> <p>The 2015 Act deals with ‘child in conflict with law’ and ‘child in need of care and protection’ According to the Act, ‘Juvenile’ means a child below the age of 18 years.&nbsp;&nbsp; India signed and ratified the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC), 1989, which treated a person as a juvenile who is below 18 years of age. &nbsp;</p> Jacinta S. Bastian ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-27 2019-07-27 7 7 165 169 Cultural change among tribal’s (Special reference to Meghraj Taluka) http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/2287 <p>Apart from Africa, the world has the largest tribal population in the world. Which resides in a lesser degree in different states of India. No society is stable but is also flexible. The effect of universal transformation of the transformation has been reduced to a lesser-than-average perception. Adivasi society is also changing with the effect of various factors of change. Tribal communities living in some forests and mountainous areas still adhere to their native land. So life is living in the original state. Nevertheless, real or indirect changes have been made possible in many tribal communities. Due to the efforts of the Central Government and the state government's various schemes and voluntary organizations and organizations, they have started mixing and developing with the tribal community and non-indigenous communities, and have been developing and developing. This has resulted in the research presented in the tribal community to investigate the change.</p> Mukesh D Bhagora ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-27 2019-07-27 7 7 170 172 The Role of Knowledge Management Clusters in Small & Medium Textile Enterprises http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/2288 <p>The competitiveness of small and medium enterprises depends upon the quality of knowledge they apply to their business processes. Knowledge management process are included in the organization business procedures. These processes or approaches &nbsp;call for &nbsp;turning own information &nbsp;into&nbsp; corporate knowledge that may be generally shared through an organization and appropriately applied. There are minimum empirical studies on knowledge management practices or process in Textile SME’s especially in India. In order to reduce the research gap, this study examines how small and medium enterprises apply knowledge management processes or approaches in their day to day business activities which enhances its organizational performance. Using Factor analysis this study identifies the critical factors are Collaboration,T-shaped skills and Information Technology(IT) have significant role. Using Cluster analysis the study identifies and classifies the three Cotton Ginning SMEs exhibits the Socio-cultural (Organisational Knowledge), Techno-centric (Technological Knowledge) and Access-centric approaches (Networking Knowledge).</p> P.Vamsi Krishna T. Sreenivas ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-27 2019-07-27 7 7 173 182 India and china : a journey from Doklam to wuhan http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/2289 <p>This paper focuses on the Doklam crisis and ends with Wuhan Summit and latter's impact on the subsequent development in Sino-Indian relations. It was the belligerent attitude of China and the stubbornness of India that had precipitated the Doklam crisis. The Chinese understood very well that India was obliged to support Bhutan as the two countries had special ties according to the Indo -Bhutanese Treaty of 1949 and the revised version of it in 2007. It had been alleged that the Chinese stated that the Indians had no right to interfere in the Sino-Bhutanese boundary talks and that is was not entitled to make territorial claims on behalf of Bhutan. On the other hand, India is not happy with a separate deal between China and Bhutan, and insists rather on a comprehensive settlement on the border disputes that include India, Bhutan and China.</p> <p>The Doklam crisis was a reflection of the Chinese expansionist ambition. As the Doklam scenario worsened, India had briefed the Delhi based envoys of major countries on the deplorable situation arising from the on-going military stand-off between India and China. Beijing maintained its acrimonious attitude towards India asking the latter to withdraw immediately all troops from Doklam.</p> Swagata Ghosh ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-27 2019-07-27 7 7 183 188 Impact of Capital Gearing on Shareholders’ Wealth: Market Value Added (MVA) and Economic Value Added (EVA) Approaches http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/2290 <p><em>The study has chosen a sample of 31 firms in India, which have listing flag in National Stock Exchange (NSE), for the period from 2011 to 2018 using variables viz. change in dividend per share (∆DPS), change in return on equity capital employed (∆ROECE), change in retaining earnings (∆RE), change growth opportunity (∆GO), change in sales (∆Sales), as well as change in return on total assets (∆ROTA) as predictor variables and market value added momentum (MVAM) as well as economic value added momentum (EVAM) as proxy for shareholders’ wealth as response variables and used multiple regression for analysis. The result revealed that ∆Sales, ∆GO and ∆RE had significant impact on shareholders’ wealth (MVAM) of overall firms and ∆DPS, ∆Sales as well as ∆GO had significant impact on shareholders’ wealth (EVAM) of overall firms.</em></p> S. Sakthivelu R. Azhagaiah ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-27 2019-07-27 7 7 189 197 “Contribution Of Milk Co-Operative Societies In The Development Of Village: A Sociological Study” (With Special Reference To Aravalli District) http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/2292 <p>India is a farming country. Through the Milk Cooperative Societies, there has been a change in the standard of living of the people involved in the farming profession. Today, due to the lack of water supply due to natural disabilities, farming profession becomes difficult for the rural society, whereas milk cooperatives appear to be a part of the social system. In most of India's states, animal husbandry and milk cooperatives are not considered to be an integral part of the social system, but in the states like Gujarat, Haryana, Punjab and Maharashtra, milk cooperatives have become a part of society and it is accepted by all. In the dairy industry in India, the fifth largest number of Gujarat state is present. 3.33% of the country's animals are in Gujarat. There are education institutes like Krishi Mahavidyalaya, veterinary colleges, livestock inspection training centers, dairy science colleges and village graduates in the development of dairy industry. Products of dairy industry in Gujarat are sold in many countries of India and around the world. Its foundation has a scientific understanding of dairy industry. Aravalli district is a hilly and forested district. Dairy industry has emerged as a continuous farming supplementary business due to frequent famine conditions. The role of the dairy industry is important in the economic and social life transactions of poor herds, landless and marginal farmers.</p> <p>The main objective of the present study is to check the contribution of Milk Cooperative Societies in the development of the village. Changes, difficulties and opinions are being checked by choosing as 300-member respondents in the Milk Co-operative societies. In which the families of most of the respondents have increased their income through the association of the congregation. In the economic situation, most of the respondents have increased their spending on social costs such as expenses in home expenses, marriage, death and birth, education costs and health costs. In the family of respondents, the physical facilities have increased. In addition to providing home appliances such as clock, fan, TV, fridge, increased accommodation for irrigation in the 5th house and farming, new building, buying vehicles like bicycles, motorcycles, cars and tractors and repairing the house. Most respondents have increased education in the family. In which all the respondents teach boys / girls to higher education. Religious faith work has increased in the family of all the respondents. Most of the respondents make up the story of Saturnayan Lord. Family members of all respondents have increased their right to vote, to whom they vote and to choose the person in the election. The economic condition of the people of most of the respondents and animal husbandry awareness has increased. Most respondents have difficulty in 5 years of treatment, such as housing, providing fodder, milking and dredging. Most respondents face difficulties in dealing with the employees of the society due to reasons such as milk fat, papadhi, sugarcane, mildew and ghee, trade related transactions, milk money transactions, neutrality and casteism. Most respondents discuss with the Secretary of the Board, sort out the difficulties.</p> Bhanu l Patel ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-27 2019-07-27 7 7 198 201 A study on depression among PG students in Mysuru http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/2293 <p>Depression among PG students is unnoticed mostly in today’s scenario. This research is carried out to check the pervasive of mental diseases among the PG students. This is a Descriptive research study that drew a random sample (N=384) Males (N=286). Females who were administered a student perception questionnaire on Depression among PG students, where 83.88% of the students are under depression and 16.11% of them are not, in which 41.10% have tried committing suicide and the other 58.89% have not tried to commit suicide. The aim of the study is to suggest some coping methods of depression among the PG students in Mysuru.</p> Noor Mubasheer C.A Shirley Cynthia Anthony ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-27 2019-07-27 7 7 202 206 ‘Tree of Life’ in Kalamkari http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/2295 <p>The present paper attempts to study the traditional fabric art of Kalamkari in South India. Kalamkari means art done with ‘kalam’, a handmade bamboo pen and ink on fabric and is later on dyed in different colours. The art has existed since many centuries but evidences are available from early 17th century.Although it began for religious purposes where mythological stories were depicted and used as backdrop screens behind main idols in temples, in recent times the hand painted and dyed fabric is used more for garments, bed sheets or for making bags etc. The paper will look into popular motifs such as the ‘tree of life’ used in the various art forms while discussing their meanings and how some new elements are transformed or being replaced over the time.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>For this purpose, I study the patronage in main centers where Kalamkari flourished such as Machilipatnam and Srikalahasti and how it influences the motifs and design patterns. Both hand drawn and block printing methods are looked into and a detailed analysis of how new technology like digital printing takes over the traditional art form is presented.</p> <p>&nbsp;The point of discussion is how traditional arts have been suffering due to modern and post modernity as art is transforming at a fast pace. What happens to these forms as patronage shifts from religious to more utilitarian purposes is the central theme of this paper.</p> Priti Samyukta ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-27 2019-07-27 7 7 207 212 आजमगढ जनपद में साक्षरता प्रवृत्ति : एक भौगोलिक विष्‍लेषण http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/2243 <p>आजमगढ जनपद में&nbsp; साक्षरता प्रवृत्ति : एक&nbsp; भौगोलिक विष्‍लेषण</p> Abhishek Singh ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-27 2019-07-27 7 7 213 220 विभाजन की त्रासदी के दंश मंटो की कहानियों के संदर्भ में http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/2260 <p>विभाजन की&nbsp; त्रासदी के दंश मंटो की&nbsp; कहानियों के&nbsp; संदर्भ में</p> Vidushee Ameta ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-27 2019-07-27 7 7 221 224 वेब-श्रृंखला के माध्यम से युवाओं पर पड़ने वाले प्रभाव का अध्ययन (भारतीय वेब श्रृंखला के सन्दर्भ में) http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/2291 <p>नवयुग में नई तकनीकी के साथ लोगों के सभी तौर-तरीके भी बदल रहे हैं वहीं टेलिविज़न के कार्यक्रमों के प्रसारण का तरीका भी बदल गया है जिसे वेब श्रृंखला की संज्ञा दी गयी है | इसी बदले तरीके का प्रभाव जानने के लिए इस शोध कार्य को किया गया है | इस शोध कार्य में&nbsp; प्रश्नावली के माध्यम से कुल 200 उत्तरदाताओं के माध्यम से प्रभाव का पता लगाया गया है | प्रश्नावली के लिए आंकड़ों का एकत्रीकरण ऑनलाइन तथा ऑफलाइन माध्यम से 100 – 100 के अनुपात में किया गया है जिसमें 2 उत्तरदाताओं के पूर्णत उत्तर प्राप्त न होने पर आंकलन 198 उत्तरदाताओं के मत द्वारा किया गया है| आंकड़ों के विश्लेषण से पता चलता है कि वेब श्रृंखला से दर्शकों पर काफी प्रभाव पड़ता है जैसे उच्चारण पर 43.4% लोगों का मानना है कि प्रभाव पड़ता है, परिधानिका शैली पर 40.4% प्रभाव पड़ता है और वहीं 56.6% उत्तरदाताओं ने सामाजिक मूल्यों पर प्रतिकूल प्रभाव पर पूर्ण सहमति जताई है |</p> Dikshita Arora ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-27 2019-07-27 7 7 225 235 जनपद, अम्‍बेदकरनगर, जनपद (उ.प्र.) में भूमि उपयोग क्षमता का भौगोलिक विश्‍लेषण http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/2209 <p><strong><u>जनपद</u></strong><strong><u>, अम्‍बेदकरनगर, जनपद (उ.प्र.) में भूमि उपयोग क्षमता का&nbsp; भौगोलिक विश्‍लेषण</u></strong></p> Shashank Shekhar Sinh ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-27 2019-07-27 7 7 236 239 सुलतानपुर जनपद (उ प्र) में औद्रयोगिक विकास एक भैगोलिक अध्‍ययन http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/2226 <p><strong>सुलतानपुर जनपद (उ प्र) में औद्रयोगिक विकास एक भैगोलिक अध्‍ययन </strong></p> Shashank Shekhar Sinh ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-27 2019-07-27 7 7 240 245 An exploratory Study to assess the Awareness about Interpathy among the doctors in selected hospitals of Pune City http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/2294 <p><strong>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </strong>The an descriptive exploratory&nbsp; non experimental &nbsp;study was conducted &nbsp;in two hospitals Private and Public sector in Pune City to assess the awareness&nbsp; of doctors about interpathy. The samples size was 60 and convenient random sampling method was used. &nbsp;Analysis of data related to awareness of Doctors about interpathy was arbitrarily graded based on the calculated frequency percentage; the obtained scores were grouped into four categories i.e. very good, good, and average and below average. It was found that 45 % (27 )doctors had good awareness score about interpathy while only 8%(five) doctors &nbsp;had below average score regarding awareness about interpathy. It was also found that 76% (24) samples agreed that&nbsp;&nbsp; Interpathy would be a major contribution to health care in future.72% (43) samples said that there is a need to search for alternatives in some diseases, while 68% (32) doctors said&nbsp; that there is&nbsp; a need&nbsp; of Interpathy in modern medicine. Association between the knowledge score and Gender was significant at 0.001 level of significance. Female’s awareness score was higher than the Male. No significant association was seen between awareness score and age.</p> Sangeeta S. Bhujbal ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-08-07 2019-08-07 7 7 246 250