International Journal of Innovative Knowledge Concepts http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; <strong>Welcome to IJIKC</strong></p> <p><strong>International Journal of Innovative Knowledge Concepts (IJIKC)</strong> is approved by UGC and <strong>monthly </strong>published in English, Hindi &amp; Marathi for scholars, practitioners, and students. The Journal welcomes original research articles, book reviews, commentaries, correspondence, review articles, technical notes, short communications, case study, books, thesis and dissertation relevant to the fields of Agricultural Science, Ayurved, Biochemistry, Biotechnology, Botany, Chemistry, Commerce, Computer Science, Economics, Engineering, Environmental Sciences, Food Science, Geology, Geography, History, Horticulture, Library &amp; Information Science, Linguistics, Literature, Management Studies, Mathematics, Medical Sciences, Microbiology, Molecular Biology, Nursing, Pharmacy, Physics, Social Science, Zoology. All research papers submitted to the journal will be double blind peer reviewed referred by members of the editorial board.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;Indexed</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;<strong>International Journal of Innovative Knowledge Concepts (IJIKC)</strong> is included in different indexing agencies, <strong><a href="https://scholar.google.co.in/scholar?q=%22International+Journal+of+Innovative+Knowledge+Concepts%22&amp;btnG=&amp;hl=en&amp;as_sdt=0%2C5">Google Scholar</a></strong>, <a href="http://www.base-search.net/Search/Results?lookfor=International+Journal+of+Innovative+Knowledge+Concepts&amp;type=all&amp;oaboost=1&amp;ling=1&amp;name=&amp;thes=&amp;refid=dcresen&amp;newsearch=1"><strong>BASE - Bielefeld Academic Search Engine,</strong></a> Directory of Research Journal Indexing<strong> etc.</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Sonhira Publication, Pune, India en-US International Journal of Innovative Knowledge Concepts 2454-2415 <p>Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, without the written consent of the Publisher. The Editors reserve the right to edit or otherwise alter all contributions, but authors will receive proofs for approval before publication.</p> <p>Copyrights for articles published in International Journal of Innovative Knowledge Concepts are retained by the authors, with first publication rights granted to the journal. The journal/publisher is not responsible for subsequent uses of the work. It is the author's responsibility to bring an infringement action if so desired by the author.</p> An Experimental Study on CBR of Soil Reinforced With Plastic Waste http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/1411 <p>The usage of plastic is more popular compared to biodegradable objects which are costlier. But humans often forget about the undesirable effects of plastic use which consecutively leads to pollution which must be completely removed or at least reduced. Plastic is considered one of the most harmful pollutants of the environment as it would not decay and it has become one of the major problems for the world. The harmful gas which is being produced by this agent leads to tremendous health related problems. So, executing these wastes in soil stabilisation helps to reduce the risk of natural destruction which is caused due to precipitation or other aspect and also it help in decreasing the waste in an adequate amount. This implies that stabilisation using waste plastic strips is an economic method where the use of unusable materials as plastic and other cheaply materials of plastic can be used which is easily obtainable. The soil is the key element of nature and all the basic needs of life are fulfilled by the soil. Soil stabilisation is the process by which it improves the physical properties of soil, such as shear strength, bearing capacity which can be done by the use of controlled compaction or addition of appropriate admixtures like bitumen, cement, lime, sand, fly ash or by using geotextiles, geosynthetics etc.</p> <p>This paper reflects that the plastic strips which are taken from used plastic bottles, are mixed with the soil, and with this, a series of California Bearing Ratio (CBR) tests were conducted. The soil sample is prepared by adding plastic strips with varying percentages (0.5%, 1%, 2% and 3%) and with lengths (1 cm and 3 cm, the thickness is 0.5 cm for both, so the aspect ratios are 2 and 6 respectively). And the results and conclusions are summed up which shows that the use of plastic in the soil in an appropriate amount really aids in improving its CBR value</p> Asfaque Habib Mohsin Jamal Nehal Ahmed Abhijit Mondal ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-05 2018-10-05 6 Special: 2 01 06 Innovation in Concrete by Effective utilization of by-product in concrete http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/1415 <p>Concrete is a combination material of coarse aggregate,fine aggregate joined with a cement and &nbsp;strengthens, Aggregate composed through cement and water the blend forms a slurry that is simply dispensed and shaped, The cement reacts &nbsp;with the water and &nbsp;ingredients of concrete to system a hard mix and &nbsp;binds the material together in to a strong s material that as many uses in industry. Alccofine&nbsp; 1200 is a series of mineral admixture for concrete. It progresses towards parameters of concrete in damp and tough stage. Metakaolin is a form of the kaolinite. An trial work carried out to partially replace of the cement by Alccofine and Metakaoline with different percentages in concrete and scrutinize effects on mechanical properties of the concrete.</p> Pritesh Rathod Kajal Mistry Ratnani Manisha ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-05 2018-10-05 6 Special: 2 07 12 Experimental Study on the Rheology of HS-CP and HS-SCC http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/1416 <p><strong>An experimental investigation into the rheological properties of High-strength cement paste (HS-CP) and High-strength Self-consolidating concrete (HS-SCC) is presented in this paper. The study is intended at evaluating the effect of varying <em>w/b</em> ratio, PCE admixture, and incorporation of fly ash on the rheological properties of HS-CP and HS-SCC. The study emphasizes on determining the yield stress and plastic viscosity (Bingham constants) of HS-CP and HS-SCC. The devices Brookfield DV-II Pro Viscometer and ICAR Rheometer are used to determine the rheology of HS-CP and HS-SCC respectively. The individual and combined effects of four different <em>w/b</em> ratio (0.275, 0.3, 0.325 and 0.35) and fly ash (partial replacement 25% by wt. of cement) on the rheology are thus observed and analyzed. The results showed that both w/b ratio and fly ash had an impact on the rheology of HS-CP and HS-SCC. The devices used in this study were found to detect systematic changes in the rheology of HS-CP and HS-SCC</strong></p> Siddharth S Tulve Sunil D Bauchkar Hemant S Chore ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-05 2018-10-05 6 Special: 2 13 19 FEM study on performance of a single Granular Anchor Pile (GAP) and Concrete Pile in soft clay http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/1418 <p>Expansive soft soils are considered as one of the most problematic soil due to their large volume change and settlement behavior. Such volume changes when it comes in contact with water leads to the problem of stability of structure and cracks are developed on the structures founded on such soils. The implementation of Granular piles is a major ground improvement technique used in field to improve bearing capacity and lowering the settlements of soft clay layers. On the other hand the granular piles are unable to resist the tensile uplift forces acting on foundation by the expansive soils. Presently the most widely used technique for resisting uplift of foundation are concrete piles. Granular Anchor Pile (GAP) is a new promising foundation technique to increase the pullout resistance behavior of foundations founded on the soft expansive soils. This paper presents the results of a study that is carried out to compare the pull-out characteristics of a single Granular Anchor Pile (GAP) and concrete pile in soft clay using the finite element package PLAXIS 3D software. The results clearly indicate that the uplift capacity of GAP is more than concrete pile, and according to the parameters the uplift capacities increases with increase in their length (L) and diameter (D).</p> jerin joseph ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-05 2018-10-05 6 Special: 2 27 30 Concrete Pavement Blocks Using Coconut Shell as Coarse Aggregate http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/1419 <p>Pavement blocks made using cement concrete is very popular in Kerala, India due to its easy installation and durability. Pavement block paved roads, parking spaces and footpaths are a common sight in Kerala. One of the major constituent for the concrete to make such pavement blocks is coarse aggregates (crushed granite). Concrete is one of the most used manmade materials in the world. The mass use concrete is increasing due to growth of infrastructure development and construction activities in the Kerala. Presently Kerala is facing a shortage of coarse aggregate which is sourced from granite quarries due to stringent rules and regulations set by the Government of Kerala. The mass production coarse aggregate such as granite impact the local ecology balance and affect the environment hence causing ecology imbalance. More than 90% of the coconut production in India takes place in the southern states of India including Kerala. Coconut shell is the strongest part covered in coconut. Coconut shells are an agricultural waste and present disposal problems for the local environment. This paper presents the results of a study conducted to investigate the utilization of Coconut shell aggregate as replacement coarse aggregate material in the concrete pavement block manufacturing.</p> Neeraj U K Sooraj D.V. Thoufeeq Hussain Varun S. Kumar Neeraj U.K. Vincent K. John ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-05 2018-10-05 6 Special: 2 31 36 Evaluate the bearing capacity of CFG pile by numerical method http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/1420 <p>Numerical modeling by finite element method or by finite difference method is becoming popular. The numerical or statistical model cannot predict the actual in-situ behavior of soil under loading conditions. It is the accuracy of the mathematical tool, which plays a significant role in predicting the behavior of the model and helps in an experimental model. Geotechnical engineers face many difficult challenges when design structure over soft soils. These include lateral displacement and movement, potential bearing failure, Differential settlement, local and global instability. Cement fly-Ash Grave (CFG) piles with composite foundation are widely used for ground improvement technique. It would be help to reduce the Geotechnical difficult problem of structure over soft soil.&nbsp; This paper aim is to the parametric study of CFG pile using the FEM method. This numerical analysis had carried out using FEM software PLAXIS 2D. In this paper study two dimensions axisymmetric model validated by Finite element approach (FE) using with different Diameters of a pile, length variation, strength of pile, Cohesive of Soft Soil. discussed were on based of FE models results; the pile stress under prescribed settlement&nbsp; as well soil stress distribution under load and pile-soil stress concentration ratio of the CFG Piles for evaluate bearing capacity under the soft soil. The results indicate that the soil pressure distribution and stress on the pile is relatively to compare the load-deformation behavior with the model tests.</p> N B Umravia C.H. Solanki ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-05 2018-10-05 6 Special: 2 37 44 Effect of inclined water table level on bearing capacity of cohesive soil http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/1422 <p>The bearing capacity of footing is considerably governed by soil settlement. Water table depth, footing dimensions, loading type etc., are various factors which affect the bearing capacity of soil. Depth of water table was considered in the study to find out the effect on bearing capacity. From the Terzaghi’s bearing capacity theory, water table depth corrections were applied to the ultimate bearing capacity of soil. These levels of water table are parallel to the base of the footing at a distance b from the ground surface. In this paper an attempt was made to find out the bearing capacity of cohesive soil with the presence of level of water table inclined 45 degrees to the base of the footing. The idea of the study is generally soil exists in stratified alternative layers of soil. If the aquifer layer of soil exist below the foundation is inclined and the level of water table is inclined below the foundation. A shallow depth, surface loading, smooth base mild steel circular footing (diameter(B)-50mm, height-50mm) was used in the study. The WTD maintained at different elevations, where the ratio of depth of water table below the base (b) to the base width of the footing (B) are 0, 1, and 2. The samples were kept 96 hours for soaking. Tri-axial test loading frame was used to apply compressive force at a strain rate of 1.25 mm/min. The 10% of settlement ratio ((settlement/width of footing)×100) was considered for the computation of ultimate bearing capacity. This paper emphasizes on the particular topic of the inclined water table depth effect on the bearing capacity of soil.</p> Upendra M Venkateswarlu P Shiva Prasad K. J.B. Patel ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-05 2018-10-05 6 Special: 2 45 50 Seismic Vulnerability Assessment of Setback Building with Open ground storey http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/1425 <p>In India, it is common practice to construct residential low rise buildings in which ground storey kept open for parking facility. It has been proven that this kind of buildings on sloping ground are highly vulnerable during earthquake from past experience of earthquakes in northeast India. When building possess vertical mass irregularity, there may be disastrous effect on building. The study mainly focuses on performance evaluation of open ground G+4 setback building located on sloping ground and mitigation of failure caused by soft storey effect. In this paper attempt has made to analyze the behavior of plan irregular open ground storey buildings using linear static and dynamic analysis such as Equivalent static method and Response spectrum method as per IS 1893:2016 (Part-I) respectively. Based on results it has been concluded that Reinforced concrete filled steel tube composite columns can be used in open ground storey to minimize the effect of irregularities present in setback building resting on sloping ground.</p> Jayant Shaligram K.B. Parikh ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-05 2018-10-05 6 Special: 2 62 69 Progressive Collapse Analysis of RC Frame with Shear Wall using Non Linear Static Analysis http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/1427 <p>Progressive collapse is said to occur in a structure, when the primary vertical element fails, which in turn cause failure in the adjoining structural elements and this results in further structural failure which eventually leads to partial or total collapse of structure. Due to extreme loading such as bomb explosion in a terrorist attack, gas explosions and huge impact of car in parking area and due to some natural calamity like tsunami leads to failure of primary vertical support. Different guidelines such as the General Services Administration (GSA) and the Unified Facilities Criteria (UFC) addressed the structural progressive collapse due to the sudden loss of a main vertical support. The aim of this study is to analyse a reinforced concrete frame having shear wall. The building is designed using IS 456-2000 and IS-1893 (part-1):2002 considering zone-IV and response reduction factor as 5. A progressive collapse assessment according to the GSA guideline is carried out for a typical 14 storey reinforced concrete (RC) frame having shear wall. The investigated cases included the removal of a corner column, long side middle column and short side shear wall for the first storey of RC frame. A non linear stage construction option available in ETABs is used to assess the given frame for different loss of load carrying vertical element such as columns and shear wall. The hinge formation in RC frame reveals that there is no collapse of structure. The bending moment and displacement at the column or shear wall loss location was compared for different removal portion.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Aqib A Parmar K.B. Parikh Y.K. Tandel ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-05 2018-10-05 6 Special: 2 79 87 Development of IL&FS Toll Plaza at Vadodara - Halol Highway http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/1429 <p>Now a days the traffic is increased in the toll plaza and more time is consumed on the toll by traveler which leads to delay in the journey, keeping in mind about this situation we are planning to improve the collection system by using ELECTRONIC TOLL COLLECTION SYSTEM by which people can easily make the payment and very less time is consumed on toll, secondly huge amount of electricity is consumed by toll plaza so in order to get more electricity we have decided to install PIEZOELECTRIC PLATE which will generate electricity by the vehicles passing from the plate which will be installed inside the speed breaker, the weight of the vehicle will lead to compression of the plate inside the speed breaker and will generate electricity and these electricity will be used in running the toll plaza.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Ronak Bamania Rutu J. Doshi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-05 2018-10-05 6 Special: 2 88 93 Use of Design Thinking Tools to Promote Innovations in Engineering Students http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/1430 <p>Design thinkers are on a great demand to industry and even in the field of research and development. Research has demonstrated that during conceptual design, designers continuously search for potential design results, comprising of issues, alternative solutions, and assessment criteria, in various outline spaces. Design thinking is characterized as a systematic and imaginative process that involves with a person in opportunities to experiment, create and prototype models, gather criticism, and restructure. Few characteristics cannot be taught in the class with the only help of literature. A few attributes (e.g., visualization, creativity) that a good design thinker should possess have been identified on field and similar observations are made. It is a key procedure that supports iterative philosophy for students as they have to apply in their core discipline branch to gain specific knowledge to solving real engineering problems. The essential elements of the design thinking process are the identification of problem, establishment of objectives and its criteria, synthesis, analysis, construction, testing and its assessment. This paper investigates how far there is a requirement for a design thinking process and suggests an alternative conceptualization that is both appropriate with design thinking principles and viable for design thinking informative. Further it is necessary to include a different types of realistic constraints, such as economic factors, safety, consistency, aesthetics, ethics and social impact. The objective is to distinguish the features and attributes of design thinking and discuss its importance in promoting students problem thinking abilities in the 21st century. We here will focus on the concept of design engineering and how can we produce sound engineers that have a realistic goal of creating a product that would be helpful for solving the core problem such that further upgradation is not needed. In this paper, we will consider the Case Study of “Sustainable Development of Surat City” using Design Engineering Methodology and will explain how to give a best development on accordance to the performance cost and various other considerations unlike traditional method where development was kept in the center, here as a design engineers we have defined problems related to the user domain primarily.</p> Darshan Mehta Keyur Prajapati ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-05 2018-10-05 6 Special: 2 94 99 Image Classification Integrated with Chatbot http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/1432 <p>To get desired information from Internet is not that easy as so lot of information available. Images are one of the important source of information and search desired image is again a difficult task. To search a desired image from the system, one can use Chatbot as interface between user and system. So, using Chatbot and image as media of communication, one can get required information from Internet. Chatbot is implemented here with image classification. Image classification is implemented to understand the type and details of image, while Chatbot is used for communication purpose. For image classification, convolutional neural network is used. As far as working is concern, when Chatbot receives images, it classifies those images and search information in database based on it and produce full description of image.</p> Yash Rana Hardik Vyas Sapan Naik ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-05 2018-10-05 6 Special: 2 107 114 Marksheet Validation Using Blockchain http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/1436 <p>Blockchain can be explained as a growing list of records called blocks, a block is linked to its previous block and its following block using cryptography.</p> <p>Each block in&nbsp; blockchain contain a cryptographic hash of the previous block, data and a timestamp. The data in blockchain is temper proof. It is an open distributed ledger that records data in a permanent and verifiable way. Blockchain is managed by a peer-to-peer network collectively adhering to a protocol for internodes communication and validating new blocks. Once the data is recorded&nbsp; in block, it can't be altered without alteration of all successive blocks in blockchain, which requires permission of the network majority (which contains all peer-to-peer networks). Blockchain can be used in digital identity, tokenization, financial markets, inter-organizational data management and&nbsp; many more. Marksheet validation can be done using blockchain by creating blocks of data of student that contain parameters such as Name, Roll no, Semester, Grades, Exam type.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Krunal Navadiya Dipen Contractor Mayur Jadhav Dharmesh Mehta Rajdip Lakhanotra ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-05 2018-10-05 6 Special: 2 133 136 Experimental and Investigation of An automobile Air conditioning system http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/1439 <p>The automotive air conditioning system in today’s world uses the “steam Compression cooling system” that absorbs and removes heat from the inside of the vehicle. The system uses the power of the motor shaft as input power to drive the compressor of the refrigeration system. The loss of engine power for the operation of the VCR can be neglected by using another refrigeration system, i.e. a “steam-absorbing refrigeration system”. Experimental work to use the residual heat of an engine’s exhaust gases for the steam absorption refrigeration system.</p> Tarang Patel Raj Patel Shubham Patel Keval Patel L.S. Patel ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-30 2018-09-30 6 Special: 2 137 142 Comparative Study of Friction & Wear behavior with different materials of Segmented Piston Ring Cylinder Liner of I. C. Engines using Linear Reciprocating Tribometer http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/1440 <p>The piston and cylinder assembly are the well known components of I. C. Engines where friction&nbsp; and&nbsp; wear losses occurs. &nbsp;The present work attempt to evaluate the friction and wear behavior at the piston ring liner assembly as it is the major contributor of the piston assembly friction by changing different materials. Normally&nbsp; now &nbsp;a &nbsp;day &nbsp;most &nbsp;probably&nbsp; cast &nbsp;iron &nbsp;and stainless steel are used for manufacturing piston ring and grey cast iron, aluminium alloy and stainless steel for cylinder liners in the market. Total Friction losses are estimated approximately about 17-18% in various parts of engines i.e. crank, bearings, piston&nbsp; cylinder valves, pumps, connecting rod etc. The PRA (Piston Ring Assembly)&nbsp; &nbsp;contributes&nbsp; &nbsp;about&nbsp;&nbsp; 35-45%&nbsp; &nbsp;of&nbsp;&nbsp; the&nbsp; &nbsp;total frictional losses in the engine. So it is required to understand the behavior of friction and wear of PRA in Internal Combustion Engine. This types of losses is measure by the using the machine which is known as (LRT) Linear Reciprocating Tribometer. Comparative study&nbsp; of &nbsp;various &nbsp;combinations &nbsp;of &nbsp;piston &nbsp;rings &nbsp;and cylinder&nbsp; liners &nbsp;material &nbsp;would &nbsp;help &nbsp;us &nbsp;understand &nbsp;the best combination of PRA in an I. C. Engine under fully flooded\&nbsp; hydrodynamic &nbsp;lubrication &nbsp;with &nbsp;15W40 lubricant.</p> Ashish Jain Mayur Jalanapurkar Daksh Tandel K.V. Mistry ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-05 2018-10-05 6 Special: 2 143 151 Economical & Optimized Procedure Of Process Pipe Sizing For Industries Based On Fluid Velocity http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/1441 <table> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p>Pipe lines are generally used in various industries i.e. Refinery, Power Plant, Textile, Food Processing industries etc. for Power, Process, Utility, HVAC, Cross Country Transmission of Gases, Liquid &amp; Dual phase fluids as per their requirements. Pipes are designed on the basis of various parameters such as pressure, temperature and velocity of fluid flowing through it. This paper examines unmethodical procedure for line sizing with critical thickness method, assessing an experimental approach over a steam line, having a material of construction ANSI B-36.10, A106 Gr-B, seamless pipe, operating at temperature of 200⁰C, by following the velocity based line sizing method with a trial and error approach. Many cases are considered in this trial and error approach, where their resultant velocities are compared with an optimal velocity, which is selected based on fluid characteristics and pressure, to find out a proper pipe line size. Pipe sizing in industries is mostly done on the basis of past experiences rather than a standard procedure. Due to which immense amount of capital has to be invested in the initial phase of plant installation or during future expansion when the revenue from the industry is inconsiderable. Even after overdesigning, the corrosion of pipe occurs and due to which life of pipe reduces. That is why pipe designers sometime provides factor of safety more than what is required. The overall objective of this paper is to standardized a methodological procedure for line sizing based on velocity and thereby providing a supplementary tool for pipe designing.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Papil Gautam Alu Venkat Rao Kattassery Jose Thomas Pratik Patel ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-30 2018-09-30 6 Special: 2 152 159 Training Need Identification of Future Entrepreneurs http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/1444 <p>Training Need Identification (TNI) is a very crucial element in the field of training and development. Before providing any training, it is necessary to know, whether training will improve situation or not, whether organization or person will get benefit of training or not. After this question if answer is yes than, which kind of training will be selected to match the particular situation, time duration of training, who will train, how many people should be provided training as a time etc. Answers of these all questions can be given through Training Need Identification (TNI). Many people are ready to start their own business or enterprise due to many numbers of reasons but all people may not get success in entrepreneurship. There are various characteristics of a successful entrepreneur. All characteristics of a successful entrepreneur can not be developed through training but many of them can be developed through training. Before developing any characteristics of a successful entrepreneur, we should identify the need for training. After identification of needs, we can go for training to develop various characteristics of a successful entrepreneur. To identify need for training, first of all we should know the current status or tendency of any people or future entrepreneur towards entrepreneurship. For that we have utilized enterprising tendency test. We have selected total 30 people who wish to become an entrepreneur and identified training needs for these 30 future entrepreneurs.</p> Harshal Vashi Neeraj D. Sharma ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-30 2018-09-30 6 Special: 2 166 169 Structural and Model Analysis of Punching Press Flywheel using Finite Element Approach http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/1445 <p>Flywheel is basically a mechanical energy storing device, which helps to reduce the power capacity of prime movers like electric motor or engine. This work is focused on the analytical design and finite element analysis of different types of flywheels (i.e. Web type, Modified web type, Elliptical arm type flywheel) used for punching press. Flywheel is subjected to various types of forces due to its inertia. So, various design parameters of flywheel havebeen taken into account for optimizing the design. Present investigation focusedmore on energy storing capacity and induced stresses of flywheel during a cycle of mechanical system. Subsequently, flywheel is designed &amp;analyzed. Additionally, Model analysis of different type of flywheels was done for investigating the possible modes of failure.</p> Sandip Patel Vishal Mehta Sachin Patel Keyur Surati ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-05 2018-10-05 6 Special: 2 170 177 An Experimental Study on Self-Healing Concrete Using Bacillus Subtilis Bacteria http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/1446 <p>Crack in concrete is a common occurrence, due to relatively low tensile strength. Proper and immediate treatment should be done in order to prevent expansion of cracks which may eventually be of higher cost. There are varieties of traditional repair systems for crack repairing one of them is bacterial concrete. Bacterial concrete actually calcium carbonate producing mechanism. It has been proposed environmental friendly crack repairing techniques as an alternative. It is expected more development of this techniques for the crack free concrete. In wet weather it can be used where corrosion of reinforcement affects the permeability, durability and strength of concrete. This study is an attempt to define self-healing. Concrete cubes have been casted for three dosages of bacterial solution as 60ml, 75ml &amp; 90ml per cube. In this study it has been observed that the compressive strength of the bacterial concrete has increased slightly as compared to conventional concrete. The best performance in compressive strength has been observed for 75 ml dose and best self-healing has been observed for 90 ml dose of bacterial solution (per cube) in bacterial concrete.</p> Ramij Raja Momin M.D. Raghib Adil Mohsin Jamal ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-05 2018-10-05 6 Special: 2 178 182 Effect Of Climate Change On Foundation Soil http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/1448 <p>Human activities have modified the environment for thousands of years. Major population increase immigration and accelerated socioeconomic events have increased these environmental changes over the last centuries. The climate impact of these changes have been found in local, regional and global conditions in modern atmospheric temperature records and other related climatic indicators. The purpose of this investigation to evaluate &nbsp;subsurface conditions at the site, assist the structural engineer in foundation design and provide foundation, slab-on-grade and effect of climate change with respect to comparison of freeze condition and normal temperature condition&nbsp; on subsurface and surface soil. Based on different condition achieved optimum water content, compressive strength and shear strength of laterite soil and so on improve the mechanical properties of soil structure. Our recommendation based on data from our field and laboratory investigations, experience with similar our understanding of proposed construction.</p> Chirag Bhadani Hardik Solanki ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-05 2018-10-05 6 Special: 2 188 190 Effects of Admixtures and Water Binder Ratio on The Rheological Properties of The Cementitious Paste http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/1450 <p>An experimental investigation into the rheological behavior of high strength cement paste (HS-CP) has been carried out and presented in this paper. The investigation is aimed at quantifying the impact of Polycarboxylate Ether (PCE) based chemical admixtures in conjunction with two different mineral admixtures on the rheological properties of High Strength Cement Paste (HS-CP). The effect of three varying Water/Binder ratio (0.3, 0.4, and 0.5) on the rheological properties of HS-CP is also observed and analyzed.Rheological properties of HS-CP are measured using Brook-Field Rotational Viscometer DV II+ Pro for an elapsed period of 180 min and at uniform interval of 60 minutes. The instrument, employed in the present study is found to detect systematic changes in rheological properties due to changes in cementitious materials and <em>w/b</em> ratio successfully. Keeping the superplasticizer as PCE common, Fly Ash and Ground Granulated Blast Furnace Slagreplacement, shows a higher rates of yield stress and plastic viscosity as compared to the control paste of 100% OPC. The values of yield stress and viscosity obtained in this experimental study is found to be vary linearly, fitting the Bingham model. Furthermore, it has been also found that, the variation in terms of the <em>w/b</em>ratio is inversely varying i.e., as the <em>w/b</em>increases the yield stress and viscosity decrease.</p> Aishwarya Sabale Sunil D. Bauchkar H.S. Chore ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-30 2018-09-30 6 Special: 2 196 201 Innovative Methods for Parking Problems at Sardar Sarovar Dam, Kevadia Colony http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/1451 <p>Efficient parking management at Sardar Sarovar Dam (SSD) is very essential as the number of visitors have evolved over the years to see world’s second largest dam and many more civil marvelous structure situated at kevadia colony. Sufficient parking space is an extensive problem at present and will increase in future years as site is declared a world heritage site by UNESCO. Rapid growth in vehicle population has put tremendous burden to the management. This study is concerned about parking problem at kevadia colony. Present parking system has a number of deficiencies. An attempt has been made to understand the problems, reasons and possible solution for better parking management. Fundamental objective of this study is to identify the problem in existing parking area by collection of parking data and find out parking demand. Then gap between parking supply and demand has been found out finally solution is suggested. The study can help to find innovative solution to the current problem such as increasing vehicle density, capacity of parking area and poor parking facility etc.</p> Anand Brahmbhatt Kevin Garasia Jayesh Juremalani Ujjaval Shah Seema Nihalani ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-05 2018-10-05 6 Special: 2 202 206 Review of Piezo Resistivity effect of Carbon Nano Tube for potential use as sensor http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/1452 <p>This paper analysis the new important advancement in the area of greatly sensitive strain sensors made from CNT and concentrates the piezoresistive property of the CNT/concrete composite to investigate its feasibleness as an inserted stress sensor for common structures, for example, roads, buildings and bridges. The piezoresistive effect for any material is a change in the electrical resistivity of that material when mechanical strain is given. The mechanical/electrical and piezoresistance properties of multi walled nanotubes are studied in deep. This paper surveys the ongoing significant advancements in the area of profoundly delicate strain detectors produced using CNT/polymer nanocomposites. Great concern has produced in constructing exceptionally sensitive strain detectors with these unique nanocomposites.The piezoresistive reactions of the composite with various CNT</p> Siddharth Shah Darshan Parmar Smit Kacha ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-30 2018-09-30 6 Special: 2 207 210 A Review on Performance Analyses of Evacuated Tube Solar Air Collector http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/1453 <p>Today non-renewable energy sources is not sufficient for long run and environment friendlyso we need to think about broad area of &nbsp;new energy resources. Today renewable energy is easy option to change present scenario,many type renewable energy is available on the earth and solar is one of them, by using solar heat in convert the solar energy to another energy with the help of solar collector. In this paper to review a types of evacuated tube type collectors and its performance. Evacuated tube collector is one type collector in which &nbsp;working medium of solution is used for heating air. In operation of ETC when solar radiation is incident on ETC tube it will absorb solar energy and heated the recirculated &nbsp;mediumin the tube will be heated the air which is utilized for many processes applications.</p> Mahamadsahil Ghanchi Kirankumar Bhabhor ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-30 2018-09-30 6 Special: 2 211 213 Construction and Design of Safer Braking System for Automatic Transmission Moped http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/1454 <p>An automobile moped vehicle at right hand side consists of front tire brake and accelerator so at braking time the accelerator is remain stuck and accelerator is not fully zero So difficulty in braking. Our project on reduction in road accident and at braking time accelerator assembly is disconnected means accelerator is zero therefore increase in safety. At high speeds under panic situation or emergency braking conditions, it is not possible to fully engage front brake lever and twist the throttle to neutral position at the same time because our hand can’t do three things at time. i.e. (exert brake lever Pressure, release throttle in fraction of second, maintain grip on accelerator handle). This engages front and/or rear brake partially and doesn’t let go off throttle action fully. As result braking distance considerably increases so occurs the road accidents. Our team idea is to when front and/or rear tire brake is applied then the accelerator is zero automatically. This possible when the brake applied and accelerator assembly is disconnected.</p> Ankit Patel Vinay R. Sarode ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-05 2018-10-05 6 Special: 2 214 217 Design and Simulation of Composite CNG Cylinder http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/1456 <p><strong>It has been observed that nownecessity is being raised about risk-free working ofcompressed natural gas (CNG) cylindersunder unfavorable conditions; the boundaries should be anticipated under which these CNG cylinders continue to perform without defect.This work investigates the behavior under burst pressure of a CNG cylinder liner. This liner was produce with a polymer blend of 5wt% of HDPE and 95wt% LLDPE such as carbon/epoxy, glass/epoxy etc. If all these composite-gas cylinders are utilized; itminimizes the fuel consumption at a cost of lessweight of the vehicle. In the present investigation with above mentioned polymer blend composite CNG cylinder modeling and analysis have been done in ABAQUS. Further, in conclusion the critical parameters are also validated. In addition the two different materials viz. glass/epoxy and graphite/epoxy have been used separately inhelical and hoop filament windings and at later stage also incorporated during modeling, as outer reinforced layers of all composite gas cylinders which haveconsiderably increased thus&nbsp; all composite gas cylinderscan bear more pressure with the involvement of graphite fibers. Contour diagram of stress and deformation under operating pressure, hydro test pressure and burst pressure results have been interpreted and validated.As the innermost layer serves penetration barrier to the gas so that liner material selection should be done with proper reason.</strong></p> Keyur Surati Sandip G. Patel ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-05 2018-10-05 6 Special: 2 222 227 Behaviour of Piled Raft Foundation Subjected to Vertical and Static Horizontal Load on Raft http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/1457 <p>The piled raft foundation can be subjected to both vertical load and horizontal load. The behaviour of the piled raft foundation under the vertical load on raft and the combined vertical and static horizontal load on raft was studied. In the present study, the numerical analysis on piled raft foundation was performed with Plaxis 3D finite element tool. The piled raft models of 3x3 pile group configuration and different thickness of raft were adopted in the finite element analysis. These finite element models were validated first and then the behaviour of piled raft foundation models subjected to vertical load and static horizontal load on raft were examined. The piled raft foundation was carried out on cohesionless soil. The coherionless soil was modeled as Mohr’s Coulomb model and the embedded piles and raft were modeled as linear elastic models. The variable parameters for study were different thickness of raft and the pile head connections with raft. The rigid pile head connection and hinged pile head connection of piles with raft were analyzed for the axial forces, lateral displacement and bending moment on piles in the present study. The interacting behaviour of piled raft foundation with hinged and rigid pile head connections was found different. The configuration of pile group, pile diameter and pile spacing of piled raft foundation models were kept constant for all the numerical models of&nbsp; the&nbsp; study.</p> Uttam Kumar S.A. Vasanwala ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-05 2018-10-05 6 Special: 2 228 233 A Typical Non-Linear Dynamic Analysis of Asymmetric RCC Buildings with Base Isolation, Damper and Bracing During Earthquake http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/1458 <p>The development in concrete technology covering materials, structural systems, and construction techniques made it possible to build concrete tall buildings. The needs and demands of taller structures in construction industry and real estate industry are increasing day by day all over the world. These structures are flexible in nature and constructed as light weight as possible (when seismic load acts on a RCC structure it play as a functions of self-weight), which have less values of damping, makes them vulnerable to undesirable vibrations. This vibration in the structures creates major problems to serviceability requirement or demand of the structure and also reduces structural integrity with possibilities of failures. Construction decades or a Current trend uses several new techniques adopted to reduce earthquake and wind induced structural vibration.</p> <p>In recent year’s considerable large concentration has been paid to research and development of structural control systems and devices with particular importance on mitigations of seismic and wind responses of buildings. Many vibration-control control systems are categorised measures like active, semi-active, passive and hybrid Control methods have been developed. on-structural components are sensitive in nature due to large amount of ground motions which produces floor accelerations, velocities, and displacements. At the time of an earthquake, the buildings produce motion, resulting in peak floor accelerations higher than the peak ground acceleration. Thus earthquake ground motion can causes significant or severe structural damages. Therefore, the demands of structural response control system increase worldwide.</p> <p>This article deal with review of RCC structures with some most worldwide used structural response control system or devices such as damper, base isolation and bracing, Article also comprises recent development in these control systems with their structural reduction efficiency. In this study, reinforced concrete structure is taken for seismic performance evaluation. This RC building is modeled with different structural control system such as base isolator, damper and bracing with use of commercial computer software. After that various ground motion data is applied to the building model to evaluate structural response. Nonlinear time history analysis is carried out for building model with each control system (base isolation, damper and bracing) and the result of seismic response of each of control system is compared with other control system.</p> Ajay Chaubisa B.M. Purohit A.R. Darji ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-05 2018-10-05 6 Special: 2 234 242 Sensible Cooling with combine effect of Peltier and Indirect Cooling http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/1460 <p>Air Cooler is one of the appliances that keeping the atmosphere cold. The basic concept of water cooling is to find a medium that can handle and transport heat more efficiently than air. Water has a very good ability to retain heat, in the mean time stay in a liquid form. The climatic conditions affect the cooling capacity of air coolers. It is necessary to supply water continuously to the evaporative air coolers. These may affect the health of people suffering from asthma and other respiratory problems. Our project aims to investigate the air cooler problems and propose the solution for it.</p> Khilan Panchal Nitin Nathani Husain Noorbhai Heet Parikh L.S. Patel ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-05 2018-10-05 6 Special: 2 243 252 Recycling of Municipal Waste machine for Smart city Dahod http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/1461 <p>A developed and under developing countries across the world produces a tons of waste due to increasing their population and living standards the consumption of goods and resources increased. It is necessary for protect the environment and future generation life to manage and recycling of the waste by essential waste management industry. In past waste management system was stored and transporting to a disposal site for a long time but it was impact to the environment and human health. Present paper describes the technique for development in house hold waste disposal in <strong><em>Dahod</em></strong>. &nbsp;The technique not only use to separate PVC but also develop composites by biological methods which is use for agriculture composits.&nbsp; The systems is easily operate, manage and to provide pollution free environment for <strong><em>Dahod</em></strong>.</p> Kiran Bhabhor Ronald J. Dabhi Rajkumar D. Vishwakarma ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-05 2018-10-05 6 Special: 2 253 257 A Study of RCC Silos Under Influence of Dynamic Loading In Accordance With IS-1893:2002 http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/1464 <p>A silo is a tall and big (heavy) structure for storing bulk materials. Silos are used in agriculture to store grains. These are more commonly used to store coal, fly ash, cement, carbon black, woodchips, ore, crushed stone, gravel, food products and sawdust.</p> <p>Silos are special structures subjected to different static and dynamic loading conditions, which cause unusual failure modes. The Reimbert theory &amp; Janseen’s theory is used for pressure calculation in static condition and theoretical approach for calculation of additional pressure due to seismic action. The standards viz. IS 1893-2002, ASCE 7-05, AIJ 2010 may be used for comparison of “Base Shear Force” at the bottom of a Silo.</p> <p>The calculation is based on respective codal provisions applicable to Indian Seismic Zones, Site Conditions, etc. Nonetheless, a thorough investigation is required to know the structural behavior of the silo under seismic loading for proper design and improved performance. The aim of this study is to know the displacement of the silo along X-direction by changing column height.</p> <p>Linear dynamic analysis is done using software package SAP2000 as per IS 1893(Part I):2002. The Indian Standard “IS: 4995 (Part-I)-1974” is preferably used to assess the silo for angle of internal friction and bulk density of various materials stored in. Badly designed silos have buckled and unexpectedly collapsed due to earthquakes.</p> <p>The sectional dimensions of the columns &amp; beams shall be adequate to support heavy forces and total mass of the silo. In this study work models are considered with the different heights of the column keeping the H/D ratio of the cylinder constant and the analysis is carried out.</p> Ajay Chaubisa ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-05 2018-10-05 6 Special: 2 263 270 Progressive Collapse Analysis of RC Structure Subjected to Tsunami Hazard http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/1417 <p>Tsunami is the most devastating hazard in the world. It has the capacity to ruin lives of people. The structure must be so designed to resist the tsunami forces effectively with low damage to structure. The primary cause of tsunami is Strong Earthquake at the sea bed which causes movement of wave with large velocity. Various analysis methods are available according to GSA and UFC-DoD criteria. The purpose of designing for the progressive collapse of the structure is to design a structure to resist the devastating events like tsunami and not to have a structure which is tsunami proof structure. For achieving this, the same methodology is adopted as in earthquake resistant design such as Weak Beam and Strong Column Design. The structure must ensure sufficient time to evacuate before its collapse. This paper provides an up-to-date comprehensive review of this phenomenon due to catastrophic event like Tsunami.</p> Aqib Parmar K.B. Parikh Y.K. Tandel ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-05 2018-10-05 6 Special: 2 20 26 Analysis of grid slab structure considering construction stage http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/1423 <p>While analyzing a multi-Storied RCC frame buildings, conventionally all the probable loads are applied after modeling the entire building frame. But in practices of RCC frame structures it is constructed in various stages. According to the stability of RCC frame varies at each construction stage. Even during RCC construction freshly placed concrete floor is supported on previously casted floor by formwork. Thus, the loads assumed in traditional analysis will vary in transient situation. Obviously, results obtained by the conventional analysis will be unsuitable. Therefore, the frame should be analysis at every construction stage taking into consideration variation in loads. The phenomenon known as Construction Stage Analysis considers these uncertainties precisely. Construction stage analysis revealed more criticality of the structural component during construction stage due to additional forces, which must be considered during designing and analysis phase of the high rise building. Hence, it is advisable to analyze the structure with construction stage analysis.</p> Jay Katrodiya A.R. Darji S.P. Chandresha ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-05 2018-10-05 6 Special: 2 51 56 Strength and durability study of high strength concrete incorporating aqueous extract of okra as a bio admixture with silica fume as a partial replacement of cement http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/1424 <p>The use of bio admixture such as aqueous extract of okra was used as a low cost admixture with silica fume as a partial replacement of cement in the production of high strength concrete. Bio admixture was prepared in the ratio of 1:10, 1:20, 1:30, and was mixed in the production of high strength concrete. Various hardened and fresh properties with the presence of bio admixture and silica fume as a partial replacement of cement will be evaluated.</p> Asif S Kuskiwala S.P. Chandresha K.B. Parikh ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-05 2018-10-05 6 Special: 2 57 61 Evaluation of Response Reduction Factor of RC Elevated Water Tank with Braced Frame Staging Considering Soil Structure Interaction http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/1426 <p><strong>Distribution of water is done by water storage tank. Elevated water tanks are made to get higher pressure in distribution of network by gravity. In India, Intze circular, rectangular type water tank is very common. Water tank with framed staging is designed by current practice doesn’t durable and efficient to resist lateral forces. This study focuses on performance of elevated water tank with in framed staging with and without soil flexibility. The aim of the study is to evaluate response reduction factor for elevated water tank considering soil structure interaction for different type of soil and it compare with fixed base. The elevated water tank is analyzed by nonlinear static pushover analysis in SAP2000 software.</strong></p> Rajesh Prajapati Y.K. Tandel ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-05 2018-10-05 6 Special: 2 70 78 Study on Open Ground Storey Setback building under Earthquake Loading http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/1431 <p>Ground storey is kept open to accommodate parking facility. Which has been proven highly vulnerable during earthquake from past earthquakes such as Bhuj (2001). When building possess vertical mass irregularity, there may be devastating effect on building. The study mainly focuses on performance of open ground multi-storey setback building and mitigation of failure caused by soft storey effect. In this review paper behavior of various open ground storey buildings using Linear and nonlinear method such as Equivalent static force method, Response spectrum method, time history analysis and Pushover analysis is discussed. Based on literature review, an attempt has made to find effective ways to mitigate the failure caused by stiffness irregularity, Vertical mass irregularity and plan irregularity.</p> Jayant Shaligram K.B. Parikh ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-05 2018-10-05 6 Special: 2 100 106 Opportunities and Applications of Internet of Things for Innovation & Start-up in Engineering and Technology http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/1433 <p>becomesanenormouslyimpressivemaxim among the majority ofpeoples who are concerned in technology including customer and society. Sensors, actuators, network connectivity among devices, analytical power are basic blocks of IoT application to have a machine to machine communication to serve meaningful information to end-users. This survey paper proposes various IoT applications which highlight some of the ideas as an opportunity in innovation for start-up and research direction; through various opportunities, it will be possible to make a prominent difference in human life, organizations, hospital, environmental particulars, etc.</p> Rinku Chavda Sohil Pandya ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-05 2018-10-05 6 Special: 2 115 121 Ubiquitous computing Data Security-A literature Survey http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/1434 <p>Modern Era is having advance high level computing power with enhancement of Information Communications Technology (ICT) within last few decades. Such advancement makes computing utility most important and basic utility for human kind among all basic and necessary utilities. For routine human kind activities and for requirements of current world which is based on ICT, computing utility becomes primary needs. Computing utility in current era needs to be vision as fundament service as and when needed like all other utilities of humankind. To express this vision, many different ideas have been suggested in various literatures and most popular and accepted and admired model of computing is Cloud computing.ICT and computing power in synchronization with cloud computing can be utilize to create Smart Power Grids like concepts. Access to data and utility from anywhere as and when needed comes with many security threats. Threats can be from legitimate and illegitimate users and system must be safeguarded from all. In this paper, we tried to explain Cloud computing and how to make it possible to realize cloud and various access control mechanisms for securing cloud access.</p> Yagnik Rathod Chetan Kotwal ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-05 2018-10-05 6 Special: 2 122 127 Survey on Cyber Crime and Cyber Security http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/1435 <p>Cyber crime also called Computer crime is any crime that involves a computer and a network. As individuals and businesses increase their reliance on technology, they are exposed to the growing cybercrime threats. Using the computers for our day-to-day transactions is quite common now days. For example, we pay our life insurance premium, electricity bills, reserve flight or train or bus tickets, order book or any other product online using personal computer, smart phones, public browsing centers etc. The number of users doing online transactions are growing rapidly ever since, because of the convenience it gives to the user to transact business without being physically present in the area where the transaction happens. Criminals committing cybercrime are also growing day-by-day with the increased number of users doing online transactions. Cybercrime covers a wide range of different attacks such as Cyber extortion, Cyber warfare, spreading Computer viruses or Malware, Internet fraud, Spamming, Phishing, carding (fraud), child pornography and intellectual property rights violation etc. Because of increased cyber-attacks these days, the online users must be aware of this kind of attacks and need to caution while doing online transactions. This article all show how to prevent those attacks, laws created by government for cyber security and it also provides cyber ethics that one should follow along with a case.</p> Roshni Bhandari Vandan Khamkar Sneh Mehta ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-05 2018-10-05 6 Special: 2 128 132 An Idea of Introducing Back Swept Blading over Conventional Radial Gas Turbine Enhancing the Performance http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/1443 <p>In the present review paper, there has been made comparison among the different types of blades used in gas turbine and also the evaluation has been made on steam assisted and exhaust gas assisted turbocharged engine. Steam assisted turbocharged engine has more power production as well as high efficiency. By replacing the radial blade with back swept, efficiency can be improved by 3% to 4% as there is great reduction in concentration of whirl formation along the blade.&nbsp; Streamlines are well arranged and sticking to the back swept blade along the whole length and they are not detaching which is desirable.</p> Chirag Patel Gaurav Singh ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-05 2018-10-05 6 Special: 2 160 165 Performance of T-Shaped Deep Mixed Column over Conventional Deep Mixing Column for Soft Soils http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/1447 <p>The principle of ground improvement is to improve the engineering properties of soft soils to enhance stability and amplify bearing capacity for construction projects. T- Shaped Deep mixing column (TDM) is a newly emerging technology for this purpose. Numerous researchers have worked on this method of soil improvement through laboratory experiments, in situ testing and numerical modelling. Available literature on this topic have presented previous studies by various researchers on weak soil improvement using T- shaped deep mixing column methods, where the focus has been on the mechanical properties such as unconfined compressive strength, lateral displacement of column, vertical bearing capacity, ground surface settlement, area replacement ratio, stress concentration ratio and consolidation behavior of the improved ground. T shaped soil-cement deep mixed (TDM) columns are used nowadays to support embankments on soft ground for highway and railway engineering. Unlike disadvantages of the conventional method of deep mixing, such as insufficient mixing, grout spilling, and column strength decreasing with depth, this new method has advantages on material saving which further decreases the cost of the total project making it more economic, efficient and viable. TDM method also has advantages for reducing differential settlement under embankment load to increase embankment stability. The paper gives the insight into how TDM method is more efficient solution for the improvement of soft ground under embankment over conventional DM method for reducing surface settlement, lateral displacement of column at larger depth and improving the vertical bearing capacity of soil.</p> Rashmi Patel Jigisha Vashi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-05 2018-10-05 6 Special: 2 183 187 Evaluation of Fertilizers and Pesticides in Environmental Areas http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/1449 <p>Agriculture development contains to remain the most important objective of Indian planning and policy. Fertilizers and pesticides have happen to an significant tool as a plant&nbsp; defense and&nbsp; for increasing crop&nbsp; yield. Their use can be detected in all area of the environment (air, water and soil) in rural area. The data regarding to the distribution of pesticides and fertilizers in rural areas of environment various sampling methods are used for check the quality of air, water &amp; soil in rural area. Water parameters (pH, EC, Ca, Mg, Na, K, CO3, HCO3 &nbsp;and CL) are check for analysis of fertilizer residue in water and Soil parameter (pH, EC, N, P2O5, K2O, S, Zn, Cu, Fe, Mn , Organic Carbon and Gypsum) are check for analysis of fertilizer residue in soil. There are various analytical methods for detection of pesticides in environmental&nbsp; sample&nbsp; like &nbsp;Gas &nbsp;chromatography (GC), Gas&nbsp; &nbsp;chromatography&nbsp; &nbsp;mass&nbsp; &nbsp;spectroscopy&nbsp;&nbsp; (GC-MS), Liquid Chromatography (LC), High Performance Liquid Chromatography-(HPLC), Spectrophotometer. Also modified AOAC method and QUECHERS method are use for investigation of pesticides remains in soil and water. Methods and Parameters checks are depend on use of types of fertilizer and pesticides.</p> Hemina Patel Minakshi Vaghani ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-05 2018-10-05 6 Special: 2 191 195 A review on desiccant based cooling and dehumidification systems http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/1455 <p>Desiccant based assisted cooling and dehumidification systems are good alternative to the vapor compression based traditional air-conditioning systems especially in hot and humid areas. It promise more economical use by use of renewable solar energy or industrial waste heat. It reduces use of CFC based harmful refrigerants that are responsible of the depletion of ozone layer. The present review gives detailed information of the principle features and use of desiccant based cooling to extend climatic extensibility of the evaporative cooling. This is making the opportunities to further research of desiccant cooling system and its feasibility in coming days.</p> Akash Joshi D.B. Jani ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-05 2018-10-05 6 Special: 2 218 221 A review on Mathematical modeling for Rotary Desiccant Dehumidifier http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/1462 <p>Desiccant cooling is an environment friendly alternative system against conventional vapor compression system. In this system Desiccant wheel is a heart in which dehumidification takes place by means of Desiccant hygroscopic substance.&nbsp; Appropriate design of Desiccant wheel is necessary to fulfill the requirement of this system to make it efficient. This paper shows a review of different mathematical modeling for prognosticating the performance of Desiccant wheel by considering Convective Energy and Mass transfer and some parameters like Humidity Ratio, Temperature, Channel geometry etc. Comparative analysis with Result and some issues is discussed in this paper.</p> Deep Lalkiya Kiran Bhabhor B.D. Jani ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-30 2018-09-30 6 Special: 2 258 262 Internet Of Things (Iot) Basedambient Vibration Measurement Of Structure - A Reivew http://ijikc.co.in/index.php/ijikc/article/view/1465 <p>Structure health monitoring (SHM) could be animperativeinstrument to move forward the security and maintain-ability of basic structures such as building and bridges and Internet of things (IoT) has given such a promising choice for (SHM). In vibration-based SHM, it is the non-stop estimation of the stacking environment and the basic reactions of a basic framework or its components .IoT is the arrange of physical devices and other things implanted with gadgets, program, sensors, actuators, and network which engage these things to relate and exchange data.&nbsp; It is Processing through network communication techniques or, wireless sensor networks (WSN).</p> <p>This research proposes the process in which certain strategies are implemented for determining the presence, area and seriousness of damages and the remaining life of structure after the event of damage in a IoT on surrounding vibration of the structure.</p> Behishta Ali Siddharth Shah ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-30 2018-09-30 6 Special: 2 271 274