International Journal of Innovative Knowledge Concepts <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; <strong>Welcome to IJIKC</strong></p> <p><strong>International Journal of Innovative Knowledge Concepts (IJIKC)</strong> is approved by UGC and <strong>monthly </strong>published in English, Hindi &amp; Marathi for scholars, practitioners, and students. The Journal welcomes original research articles, book reviews, commentaries, correspondence, review articles, technical notes, short communications, case study, books, thesis and dissertation relevant to the fields of Agricultural Science, Ayurved, Biochemistry, Biotechnology, Botany, Chemistry, Commerce, Computer Science, Economics, Engineering, Environmental Sciences, Food Science, Geology, Geography, History, Horticulture, Library &amp; Information Science, Linguistics, Literature, Management Studies, Mathematics, Medical Sciences, Microbiology, Molecular Biology, Nursing, Pharmacy, Physics, Social Science, Zoology. All research papers submitted to the journal will be double blind peer reviewed referred by members of the editorial board.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;Indexed</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;<strong>International Journal of Innovative Knowledge Concepts (IJIKC)</strong> is included in different indexing agencies, <strong><a href=";btnG=&amp;hl=en&amp;as_sdt=0%2C5">Google Scholar</a></strong>, <a href=";type=all&amp;oaboost=1&amp;ling=1&amp;name=&amp;thes=&amp;refid=dcresen&amp;newsearch=1"><strong>BASE - Bielefeld Academic Search Engine,</strong></a> Directory of Research Journal Indexing<strong> etc.</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Sonhira Publication, Pune, India en-US International Journal of Innovative Knowledge Concepts 2454-2415 <p>Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, without the written consent of the Publisher. The Editors reserve the right to edit or otherwise alter all contributions, but authors will receive proofs for approval before publication.</p> <p>Copyrights for articles published in International Journal of Innovative Knowledge Concepts are retained by the authors, with first publication rights granted to the journal. The journal/publisher is not responsible for subsequent uses of the work. It is the author's responsibility to bring an infringement action if so desired by the author.</p> An Analysis of Urban Flooding Scenario in the City of Kolkata, West Bengal <p>Of all the disasters that occur in the world, floods are most common among them. Out of several other types of flood, urban flood (flood in urban area) is increasing day by day with the various effects of climate change which includes increasing rate of rainfall and alteration of temperature also. The scenario of this disaster also aggravated by the rate of human intervention that is urbanisation, concretisation of spaces and deforestation. Being the seventh most populous city (2014) in India Kolkata is of no exception. On the top of that, cursed with a particular pattern of city shape Kolkata is always prone to flooding. This city has a major history of urban flood, the last one being experienced was in 2016. This paper aims to analyse the factors responsible for the incident with special reference to rainfall pattern and suggest some suitable measures to adopt.</p> Soumita Banerjee ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-28 2018-05-28 6 5 01 09 High Range Colonization Scheme: A Critical Analysis <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <em>Land has numerous utilizations however its accessibility is constrained. Amid the early broad nourishment deficiencies happened all through Travancore. Thus, the government opened forestlands on a crisis reason for sustenance development and in 1941 conceded select development rights known as 'Kuthakapattam' (cultivation on a short-term lease) in state timberland territories. Not long after freedom, India chose to re-sort out state limits on an etymological premise. The State reorganization period carried with Tamil-Malayali fight for control of the High Ranges. The Government of Travancore-Cochin started settlement programs in the High Range zones with a specific end goal to change the territorial semantic adjust. Pattom settlement, which was supported by Pattom Thanupillai service, as a piece of High Range colonization scheme. The aggregate settlement objective never came to. In spite of the plan's deficiency, dissemination of settlement pieces ceased in 1956.</em></p> Vimal kumar C.L ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-28 2018-05-28 6 5 10 13 Awareness, Attitude and Application of Knowledge among Rural Women: A Case Study of Kasargod in Kerala <p>In this paper an attempt has been made to know the situation of rural woman in three dimensions of knowledge: awareness, attitude and application. For the study it is assumed that rural women are weak in every aspect due to their weak socio-economic background. So, it is necessary to empower them by education/training. A training pogramme is created to make women aware of their rights and privileges. The training package is applied upon 20 lady village leaders of Kasargod district in Kerala to strengthen their awareness, attitude and application of knowledge. These women were left behind after training for three months from Jul 2017 to Sep 2017 in their respective areas. Afterwards, they started giving non-formal training to rural females of their areas during this three month period. 250 females were tested on an achievement test to know how much they gained after the training. By interview, their knowledge is tested upon the three dimensions. In result it is found that those who were in touch of these village female leaders are more aware of their rights and privilege. Their attitude is also positive towards gaining knowledge and becoming aware of their rights and privileges. Though their changed attitude is not liked by their male family members. In application fields woman are weak and time has come to make them stronger. This can be done only by the way of education.</p> Himanshu Tripathi Sunita Yadav ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-28 2018-05-28 6 5 15 20 Significant Roles and Challenges of Library Professionals in the Internet Era <p>Internet has enormous quantity of information with millions of web pages and thousands of news group. The present article discusses about the correlation of library professional and internet in today’s life. Libraries are using the internet mostly for acquisition, cataloguing and reference functions. Library professionals can increase the uses of libraries by providing valuable information of library holdings through internet. The library professionals should keep themselves up to date every moment with the new developments and to meet the diversified queries of the new generations’ users.</p> vijay dalal ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-28 2018-05-28 6 5 21 22 Some Basic Diophantine Equations <p><em>In this paper we present a method for solving the Diophantine equation, first we find the polynomial solution for the PELL’S equation by the method of continued fractions then present the integral solution of the Diophantine equations. Theorems are discussed to demonstrate the continue fraction method.</em>&nbsp;</p> R. Manikandan ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-29 2018-05-29 6 5 23 29 Mahesh Dattani: Affirming English as the Language for Modern Indian Theatre <p>The present paper explores Mahesh Dattani’s claims for English as the language of expression for his plays and for the modern Indian theatre. The paper looks into the biographical causes and circumstances that made Dattani choose English for his writing. His boldness in his choice of language has contributed a lot towards his success as a playwright and as a director; giving him an international exposure and recognition. He adapts Western theatrical techniques to the Indian socio-cultural context with his dramatic genius, enabling him to retain the original flavour of the characters and situations in his plays. The themes that he chooses for his plays are unconventional, which the other playwrights of his time avoid to take up on the stage. But Dattani through his dramatic genius handles such themes in the most successful manner; sensitising the audience towards the issues and enabling them to think on their own. He takes the Indian theatre out of the conventional closet languages and themes for new projections on the international forum – adding new aesthetical dimensions to it and making it ever rich, vibrant and dynamic.</p> Jaspal Singh ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-29 2018-05-29 6 5 30 34 Synthesis of Propargylamine derivatives of benzo[d]oxazole-2-thiol/oxazolo[4,5-b]pyridine-2-thiol as Antimicrobial agents <p>A new series of propargylamine derivatives of mercaptobenzoxazole and oxazolo[4,5-<em>b</em>]pyridine-2-thiol derivatives <strong>7a</strong>-<strong>7h</strong> were synthesized and evaluated for their antimicrobial activity. The synthesis of propargylamine derivatives has been achieved by the sequential reaction of 2-aminophenol/2-aminopyridin-3-ol with CS<sub>2</sub>, followed by alkylation and further reaction with secondary amines and formaldehyde undergoes a <em>Mannich</em> reaction at room temperature in the presence of CuI to afforded propargylamine derivatives. All the synthesized compounds were evaluated for their antimicrobial activity <em>viz. E. coli, P. Aeruginosa, S. Aureus </em>and <em>S. Pyogenus </em>and three pathogenic fungi viz. <em>C. Albicans, A. niger and A. Clavatus </em>and promising compounds were identified.</p> Pankaj B. Gour D.P. Rajani Lata Deshmukh ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-29 2018-05-29 6 5 35 42 Disaster Management in College Libraries: a study in India <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> Disaster can cause severe loss of properties, human lives and disrupting normal services in the society. Libraries are not immune to disasters and have to be well prepared for such eventualities especially in a disaster prone area like Assam. The present study has been undertaken to investigate the disaster preparedness in the college libraries.</p> <p><strong>Method: </strong>The study employs the survey method with questionnaire as the chief tools used for collecting relevant data from the libraries.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>The study found that majority of the college libraries lacked disaster preparedness such as emergency exits, written disaster plans, fire alarms, emergency power supply, prohibiting activities such as smoking, data backup and insurance.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>Most of the college libraries under the study are found to be very ill prepared to confront a situation coming out of the disasters</p> Niraj Barua ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-29 2018-05-29 6 5 43 46 The Hiccups of a Startup and Unfolding Money Laundering Dimensions <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; This paper discusses a case study revealing the experience as a Start-up entrepreneur. It’s about producing Country Chicken and Eggs and explains why Country chicken was chosen as the first choice of product by an emerging entrepreneur .The various problems associated with its rearing style in modern times is highlighted. Also this paper explains how the modern method of chicken production accompanies health hazards inviting irreparable loss to the human community.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The Influence of ill-gotten money in the trade practices or how it gets generated by using poultry as the platform is revealed. The practiced methods result in either chicken meat as one of the products unfit for human consumption or how the sub-standard practices gains the position of de facto standard among the rearing community over the period of several batches of Bird’s life cycles in a seamless manner.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The outcome of the project was taken to the Knowledge of the District Collector, Tiruvannamalai in order to create more ethical entrepreneurs and employment opportunities in this sector.</p> C. Sivakumar S. Sudalai Muthu ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-29 2018-05-29 6 5 47 56 Investment Behavior towards Different Financial Products <p>The objective of the research is to study the investment behavior of government employees towards different financial products available in the market so here 50 government employees were chosen as respondents in the research.</p> <p>We all know there are various investment products available in the market such as bank deposit, mutual funds, stock market etc so in my research I have studied that what are the preferences for the different investment avenues by the government employees ,what are the most desirable investment products, how much amount of income they invest in financial products, what are the factors affect them to take investment decision, what are the sources from where they get information about investment , how frequently they invest in different investment avenues so after taking the response of 50 peoples. It found that most of the peoples are still investing into tradition investment avenues like bank deposits, post office etc because either they are unaware of other financial products or they don’t want to take enough risk in their investment that’s why they are not much satisfactory with their current investment.</p> Anand Kumar Shrivastava ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-29 2018-05-29 6 5 57 62 MOOCS: Future and Changing Trends With Reference To India <p>With the advancement of ICT (information communication technology), a new term emerged in the already crowded e-learning landscape: Massive Open Online Course (MOOC). MOOCs have been emerged as a popular medium of learning, the education learning has been changed from early classroom method to ICT based learning/teaching methods i.e. MOOCs (Massive Online Open Course). There is a lot of development in Massive Open Online Course (MOOC), and enrollment of students has been increased tremendously in these courses. While seeing the tremendous growth in the enrollment, India has initiated various projects for offering MOOC courses. Currently, IITBX, mooKIT, NPTEL and SWAYAM are the platforms used in India for offering courses. Aim of this paper is to give brief idea about MOOCs and its future and current trends in respect of India.</p> Ranjan Singh ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-29 2018-05-29 6 5 63 68 Core responsibilities of government, local communities, state tourism authority for various drawbacks and lacks in facilities development, protection and conservation of Sun Temple at Konark. <p>There are many of the responsibilities played by the government, local communities and state tourism authorities to provide better facilities and services. In the path of tourism development many plan and policy have introduced, it was second five year plan (1956) tourism has been emerged as an economic term in India. After that Government of India introduced National Tourism Policy in 1982, which gave a six point plan for Tourism development of Swagat (Welcome), Suchana (Information), Suvidha (Facilitation), Suraksha (Safety), Sahyog (Cooperation) and Samrachana (Infrastructure). Multi-sectoral activity of the tourism industry affected many other sectors of the national economy. State governments has to, therefore, ensure intergovernmental linkages and co-ordination. Local communities’ participation is very importance to sustain the tourism industry.&nbsp;The roles local communities could take in tourism development, and in various policies making. There is also need little emphasis has given to local communities about themselves feel about the tourism.&nbsp;Local communities want to be involved when tourism policies are being made to enable policymakers to prepare a policy that meets stakeholders’ needs and addresses their concerns. State tourism department of Odisha playing a vital role in enhancement of tourism facilities and service at major destination of the state. Odisha Tourism Development Corporation (OTDC) is performing under the government of Odisha which is incorporated in 1979. OTDC facilitating some of the tourist bungalows and transport fleets in its commercial product line. Tourism department of Odisha provide the wifi facility at Sun Temple Konark and conduct every year Konark Dance festival to promote the Sun Temple Konark as tourism destination. In this article our main aim to find out the core responsible actors which is responsible for the drawbacks and lacks in tourism development among government, local community and state tourism authority on basis of consequences like infrastructure development, people participation in tourism, destruction of natural beauty, problems in maintaining law &amp; order, beautification of surrounding area, tourist utility, amenities and facilities. &nbsp;</p> Santosh Kumar Dwivedi Mohammad Sabir Hussain ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-29 2018-05-29 6 5 69 77 Collection of Electronic Information Resources in the University Libraries in West Bengal: A Study <p>Electronic Information Resources (EIRs) are supposed to have more potential for academic support in the university. Many university libraries are presently developing their library resources with substantial EIR collection like e-journals, e-books and databases through individually subscribing and/or purchasing and by accessing through different consortia along with their digitized resources created in-house. The experience of the study of the university libraries in West Bengal shows that, with the right combination of sufficient EIR collection and its delivering access, EIRs can be very helpful to the university library users in accessing required information.</p> <p>It is observed from this study that not all the university libraries in West Bengal have EIR collection yet. Chi square test also was applied to find out whether there was any relationship between category-wise (establishment year, type and location) distribution of the university libraries with respect to availability and non-availability of EIRs.</p> Tapas Kumar Das ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-29 2018-05-29 6 5 78 84 Factors Affecting Adolescent Adjustment and Scholastic Performance <p>This paper is based on the literature survey was conducted to identify all related studies on adjustment, scholastic performance and other factors affecting both. The purpose of this review was to understand determinants of adjustment, assess the risk factors of adolescent phase like maladjustment. Through this search area and need of School social work intervention is explored in suicide prevention and drop out. As methods, settings and intervention sought under each study differs synthesis was done normatively. Studies conducted in India and abroad by multi-disciplinary practitioners have been included in this review. From this review the research gaps were identified and further study in the field is proposed by the researcher. Adjustment during the adolescence and its impact on academic achievement is widely researched by practitioners. However the risk factors and protective factors during the adolescent phase and school based intervention in form of family life education, school counselling is not research widely. There is a gap which can be filled to gain knowledge and understanding about exact status of adjustment and related factors which affect the scholastic performance and overall wellbeing of the adolescent students.</p> Neha Sathe ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-29 2018-05-29 6 5 85 93 Characterization of Praval Bhasma by Using Modern Analytical Techniques <p>The calcium based marine products are formed by biological calcification processes. These processes are of wide occurrence in nature. They occur in microorganism, in plants, in the animal kingdom and in human. The results of bio-mineralization can be seen in the formation of bones, teeth, shell materials, counch, coral, pearls etc.</p> <p>Bio-mineralization; a vital process in which a sequence of events takes place where by living organisms produce minerals which crystallize and add together to form hard species. The products of such bio-mineralization are called as bio-mineralizates. All bio-mineralizates are invariably associated with organic components in the form of matrices. However, all bio-mineralizates have some common features. The five calcium based marine products under present study are bio-mineralizates and therefore are composed of two major components calcium carbonate as the principal and inorganic component and the other organic component whose exact nature and role are the subjects of interests of many research scientists from different disciplines. The reinvestigations will be mainly based on the role of bio-mineralization in exploring their chemical and biomedical aspects.</p> <p><em>Praval</em> <em>bhasma</em> is a traditional <em>Ayurvedic</em> medicinal preparation. This biomedicine is synthesized through calcination cycles as mentioned in the classical <em>Ayurvedic</em> text. Physicochemical characterization of <em>Praval</em> powder and four commercial samples of <em>Praval</em> <em>bhasmas</em> were carried out using EDAX, SEM, IR, UV, XRD and TG analysis. The study showed that the calcite form of calcium carbonate is observed in <em>Praval</em> powder and four commercial samples of <em>Praval</em> <em>bhasmas</em> obtained from some representative <em>ayurvedic</em> pharmacies.</p> Sonali Dhamal M.P. Wadekar ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-29 2018-05-29 6 5 94 101 Educational Thoughts Expressed In Convocation Addresses <p>Education plays a very important role in our life. Without education we cannot build ourselves. During the process of building ourselves we come across with the life span of great people which help us to clear our vision. In the process of educating ourselves we learn many things from people who achieve greatness and contribute their endeavor to make others’ life peaceful and prosperous. We have many examples like Mahatma Gandhi, Swami Vivekanand, Sardar Patel and so on. Students in a process of education learn from syllabus and from ambience. During their graduation they make themselves familiar with not only content but also the impact of life span of great people or people who achieve something noticeable in their life in a particular field and contribute their commitment towards their work to society.</p> Rahul H. Rabari ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-29 2018-05-29 6 5 102 105 Neoliberalism and its impact on women labour force in Russia <p>Women in Russia are ascertained equality through its constitution and legal guarantees. However, despite provisions of equality in the law, there exists wide gender disparity in the labour market in practice. The embarking to a free market economy brought about tremendous transformation in the labour market, it presented an opportunity for socio-economic mobility of women. However, the supporters of neoliberalism welcomed liberalisation of the market “in to to” without considering the Soviet’s history. In the process of transition, the place of female labour is further relegated. The earlier experience of equality and protection is weakened while capitalist characteristics have come to the fore. This paper explores the situation of women labour force in the event of Russia’s transition to neoliberalism by analysing labour reforms as well as using Rosstat data to make the argument of gender segregation in the occupation and branches of the Russian labour market system.</p> Zakali Ayemi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-29 2018-05-29 6 5 106 110 The Philippines-U.S. Strategic Relations: An Enduring Partnership? <p>The Philippines and the U.S. united by historical ties, long associations and mutual interest regards their relationship as “special relationship”. The security relationship has been evolving through different phases and stages. Towards the end of Obama administration, the Philippines-U.S. relationship nearly hit a dead end. However, in the current scenario with the “evolving Philippines-China relations” and the blossoming of “bromance” between Philippines President Duterte and the U.S. president Trump it seems&nbsp;&nbsp; Duterte’s diplomacy has risen to the occasion. This article seeks to examine the background of the security relationship between the Philippines and the United States. It will throw light on the current trends of the Philippines-US strategic relation and examine its implications and sustainability.</p> Ngaibiakching . ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-29 2018-05-29 6 5 111 117 A study of Socio-economic and working conditions of women Beedi rollers in Akole and Sangamner Tahsils of Ahmednagar District of Maharashtra. <p>In Indian economy about 90% of the work force is in the unorganized sector despite of low wages, uncertainty of&nbsp; employment , lack of facilities, poor working conditions etc., Beedi manufacturing is also one of the industry of unorganized sector in India. The &nbsp;government has enacted many legislations to protect the unorganized &nbsp;labours of beedi &nbsp;manufacturing industry.&nbsp; However, these legislations and&nbsp; the state sponsored social security programmes have not produced the expected results, particularly in the case of women beedi rollers.&nbsp; Through&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; the present study, efforts have been made to focused on the socio-economic and working conditions of women beedi rollers, residing in Akole and Sangamner blocks of Ahmednagar district of Maharashtra.&nbsp; Through the study author has examined the working and socio-economic conditions and study the reasons why women enter in the beedi rolling work.&nbsp; Author has observed that, majority of the women beedi rollers are&nbsp; facing several socio-economic and health problems.&nbsp; They are not getting any facilities from their employer and they are working in a poor working conditions.</p> Prakash Palande S.I. Kumbhar ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-29 2018-05-29 6 5 118 124 Brahmanical Intellectual Tradition: Making of Medieval Mithila <p>The objective of this paper is to study historical studies of a particular region of the medieval period, which makes its identity based on its intellectual characteristics. In addition, it is to study the prevailing beliefs that how the Mithila Brahmins and scholars have established their distinctive identity among those social groups. In the process of creating this distinctive identity, how social norms have been determined on contemporary society and social beliefs on the basis of <em>Dharmaśāstras.</em> In the contemporary Mithila society, they tried to establish a balance between the many challenges at the political and cultural level for the validity of their identity and dominance which are reflected in the works of contemporary scholars and other intellectual sections. It is also important for the study that what was the approach of state and administration in the process of creation of this identity under which contemporary Mathil scholars or Brahmins controlled the social orders on the basis of their sacred texts. Through the study of these literatures, the process of the legitimation of the Brahminical social hierarchy and regulating the daily life in the contemporary Maithil social system and the scientific analysis of the ideal state and administration formulation is also necessary.</p> Pritam Kumar Gupta ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-29 2018-05-29 6 5 125 131 An Analytical study of Consumer Awareness in respect of their rights and Responsibilities <p>In a country like India which is blessed with the demographic dividend, it becomes imperative to create active consumers so as to bring in efficiency, transparency in the marketplace and thereby ensure consumers’ protection against unfair trade practices. The stepping stone towards this goal is to improve consumers’ awareness of their rights and responsibilities in general.&nbsp; In doing so the efforts put in by government agencies, voluntary consumer organization (VCOs), non-governmental organizations (NGOs) etc. plays a vital role. These organizations are imparting education to consumers on various aspects of consumerism such as protection against hazardous goods and services, consumer’s interests, their well being etc. in India. The benefits of increased levels of consumer awareness include enhanced critical thinking by the consumers, improved life skills, and their self-confidence. The paper aims at understanding the existing state of consumer awareness about their rights and responsibilities in general.</p> Vinod S. Ingawale Yogesh Gurav ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-29 2018-05-29 6 5 132 135 Postcolonial and Postmodernistic Portrayal of Draupadi in Mythological Rewritings <p>The postcolonial and postmodern writers who write and rewrite mythology and mythological fiction try to relate their writing in the postmodern and postcolonial perspectives bringing the up-to-date problems to surface on the mythological characters. The modern problems also found among the mythological characters and their socio-cultural relationship in the different stages and phases of life with others which has been portrayed a in a new style differentiating from the original story.</p> Manoranjan Behura ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-29 2018-05-29 6 5 136 138 Rewriting Mythology through The Palace of Illusion <p>Mythology is a theme which is always new though it is read time and again. The modern feminist writers often write on mythology and mythological characters rendering a modern flavor and savor on them which is unique pieces of literature and catches the attention of the readers. The present paper attempts to prove how Chitra Banarjee rewrites mythology twisting the story, characters and plots in her <em>The Palace of Illusion</em>. The paper focuses on the character of Draupadi who is portrayed like a modern woman and suffers fighting against the injustice.</p> Debashree Mayee Das ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-29 2018-05-29 6 5 139 140 A study of collection development process in higher Educational Institute in Pune city <p><em>Libraries are having an important place in all types of educational institutes. Many academicians and scholars wants to obtain information and knowledge and therefore, it is accepted by all librarians to develop proper collection with up to date books, periodicals, journals and deep knowledge of the concerned subjects equipped with latest technology which is the backbone of teaching and learning. This study focused on the collection development process of selected libraries of higher educational institutions. This study highlights the methods of acquiring books, various information&nbsp; sources available in the libraries management techniques applied to evaluate the utility of collection and annual budget for collection development. This study also throws a light on the catalogue system and policies adopted by the libraries.</em></p> Viraj Jadhav ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-29 2018-05-29 6 5 141 146 A Pilot Survey of Training and Development at LIC of India <p>Training and Development is a core part for the agents of any insurance company. LIC has enjoyed a monopoly in the past. However, with the entry of 23 private companies LIC is facing the competition. The first part of the paper takes the stock of Change in Scenario, history of training, concept of Training and Development.</p> <p>Further, it speaks about Process, Need and Advantages.</p> <p>The objectives of the pilot study is to see the situation of training, satisfaction and expectations of agents from the training. It covers the training and development situations of LIC. Then the literature review is presented. The sample of 30 female and 60 males agents are administered the questionnaire and interacted. There are 22 points covered regarding the satisfaction level and few other points about rendering by training in development of different competencies. There after the analysis and finding is presented. At the end the suggestions are given which are based on analysis. The paper contributes at a Nano level to improve the effectiveness of training and development process of LIC which is useful for agents to work in increasing competitive insurance business.</p> Bhushan D. Bhat ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-29 2018-05-29 6 5 147 157 Law Relating To Advertisements in India: An Analysis <p>Present paper discusses about the situation of the advertisements in India. Scientist has clarified the significance of promotions, how does the advertisements work and the law which is common in India with respect to the advertisements. The commercials largely affect buyer. They are made to engender mindfulness and consequently ought not to delude the customer. The notice ought to bring decisively the utilization and thought process of the item yet the makers or brokers ought not to search for their pick up or benefits. Analyst has additionally called attention to the deceptive and false notices delineated by the publicizing offices. Analyst in this paper has additionally given some administrative arrangements which are not uniform and are scattered. Specialist has featured the need of the best possible law with respect to promotions. Scientist has likewise given a few proposals in regards to the present circumstance of the promotions in India.</p> Cherry Gupta Razit Sharma ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-29 2018-05-29 6 5 158 165 Cryptography for Online Security: Applications of Number Theory <p>Over the years the rate at which sensitive information is sent through the internet has increased radically and as a result cyber criminals are taking serious interest in the ways and means to compromise e-channels. Number theory one of the major branches of mathematics provide theoretical results that have many crucial applications in the security of coded information. This branch of specialised knowledge provides the basis for information security known as ‘Cryptography’ that is encrypting the data for confidentiality. This paper gives the brief overview of the results from number theory which play an important role in the online security. The paper also highlights how these results can be used to secure information.</p> Chetna , ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-29 2018-05-29 6 5 166 169 A Critical Study of the Medical Termination of Pregnancy Bill, 2017 <p>In the year 1971, MTP Act was introduced as a social legislation for the welfare of the women in India. It was enacted to liberalize the Indian Penal Laws relating to abortion. The Act was introduced in the Family Planning Program for the purpose of the population control as well as to check the maternal mortality rate which was high due to illegal abortion. As we know that, Abortion is a Right protected under Right to privacy under Indian Constitution as well as in various international declarations relating to Reproductive Right and it is one of the essential part of human right granted to all women without any bias. But, the abortion law is restricted to certain class of women when question comes about the application of abortion to Indian women. Researcher in this paper will critically discuss the provisions of MTP Bill, 2017. But prior to MTP Bill, 2017 we have to know about the original Act. So researcher will discussed the parent Act first i.e. abortion law of 1971 and then the current bill.</p> Pyali Chatterjee Komal Vig ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-29 2018-05-29 6 5 170 175 Medical Pluralism: A Case Study Of Pathariya Jat Village, Sagar. <p>Medical pluralism is often used to diagnose and cure. Various medical systems are combined to real settings at the level of community several healing practices are combined shamanistic treatments, herbal methods, Household therapies, etc. In a society having non western treatments, but of great tradition, like Ayurveda and unani, their combination exists with folk medicine. Impact of western medicine does not mean, just because it is leading edge of modernisation having a wider spread and intensity, that all non western medical system are relegated to back seat. What actually occurs is that different system and ways to treatment are combined, and this is all done to achieve effective treatments as the only goal of patient is to get cure. The present study examines the illness beliefs among the Pathariya villagers and the ailments locally considered to be caused by natural or supernatural agents. This study shows that Pathariya villagers combine different medical system to get cure or combination of shifting from one healing system to another is used to compensate for the failure of treatment and not as a real alternative.</p> Upasana Dwivedi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-29 2018-05-29 6 5 176 180 Role of Social and Economic Infrastructure in Economic Development of Punjab <p>Development of infrastructure is of the essence for economic development of any country.&nbsp; The proper quality and adequate infrastructural facilities ensure the high standard of living as well as also helps in improving productivity and efficiency.</p> Avinash Kaur Rajinder Kaur ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-29 2018-05-29 6 5 181 188 Effect of Parent-Child Relationship on Mental Health of Adolescent Girls <p>The objective of the study was to find out the Effect of Parent-Child Relationship on Mental Health of Adolescent &nbsp;Girls.</p> <p><strong>Method</strong>:- Total 100 Adolescent Girls of Higher secondary schools of Raipur city were selected as subjects. All the subjects were randomly selected. First of all Scale of PCRS was administrated upon the sample. Data of PCRS was analyzed&nbsp; and categorized in two categories, i.e. Q<sub>1</sub> and Q<sub>3</sub>, then Mental health inventory&nbsp; was administrated in both the above said groups. After collecting the data, t-test was applied to check difference in the scores of mental health of high scorer PCRS and low scorer PCRS adolescent girls. Karl Pearson product moment method was applied to check the correlation between Parent Child Relationship scores and mental health of both high and low scorer PCRS groups separately.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion</strong>:- The present study concludes that Relationship between parents and their adolescent girls directly affects the mental health of adolescent girls.</p> Riya Tiwari Reecha Sao ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-29 2018-05-29 6 5 192 195 Strategic SWOT Analysis of SHGS (With Reference To SHGS Of Gokhalenagar <p><em>SHGs is the activity which is implemented in near about sixty countries. In India, there are lakhs of SHGs which are improving economic and social status of poor people. SHGs have promoted small and micro entrepreneurship in rural as well as urban area. SHGs help to earn within the small investment with the help of their group. It is the tool of microfinance against the poverty.&nbsp; </em></p> <p><strong><em><u>OBJECTIVES:</u></em></strong></p> <p><em>To know how strategies can help SHGs to solve their problems.</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> <p><strong><em><u>RESEARCH METHODOLOGY</u></em></strong><strong><em>: </em></strong></p> <p><em>A primary data is collected through preparing questionnaire for members. Data is collected, classified, tabulated, analyzed and presented. Secondary data is collected from the standard books on SHGs management.</em></p> <p><strong><em><u>CONCLUSIONS:</u></em></strong><em> SHGs are the emerging activity in India through which Economic and social change is possible. It is the present scenario that where the government is not reaching SHGs are actively working. It is the infra for government by which NABARD, Government &amp; NGOs can help to the economically &amp; socially deprived factor i.e. women.</em></p> <p><em>Women who were afraid by the name of the bank, they are confidently handling all the banking transaction without any help before SHGs membership only 56 members have their account with the bank that after membership, 100% members have their account with Bank.</em></p> <p><em>With strategies applied by the organization, can sustain the movement which is beautifully growing and making members able to arrange social functions, banking the money, creating&nbsp; small entrepreneur who is employer also which is the main objective of SHGs. To make women financially and socially strong to fight against poverty.&nbsp; </em></p> Arun S. Mokashi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-29 2018-05-29 6 5 196 201 Nature and Characteristics of Rural Settlement in Salanpur, Paschim Bardhaman, West Bengal, India. <p>India is a country where nearly two-thirds of the population lives in rural areas and enlightens the rural areas is the lifeline of India. Before going to achieve this goal and utilize the full potentiality of village resources it is much essential to explore rural areas in terms of their size, distribution and pattern of rural settlement. The general but overall idea of the organization of rural settlement also helps to plan the strategy of balanced rural development. In this paper, an attempt has been made to examine the nature and characteristics of rural settlement at <em>Gram Panchayat</em> level in Salanpur Community Development Block, the westernmost C.D. block of Paschim Bardhhaman District Using Nearest Neighbour Analysis Technique, Settlement concentration index, the Average distance between settlement(spacing)and GIS software. The result shows that in Salanpur population distributed in a very unequal manner, settlement concentrated in an unbalanced way in few areas while six mouzas are totally uninhabited, almost 53.87 % area of Salanpur covered with the semi-compact type of settlement structure. Therefore, a thorough planning is prerequisite to come out of the latent threats for the sake of the inhabitants. Development of settlement with some proper planning has also chalked out.</p> Sumana Nandi Tapas Mistri ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-29 2018-05-29 6 5 202 210 A Critique of the Role of Indian Government Bodies in the Management of the Water Resources of India <p>Water is indeed the most precious resource. However, due to man’s unplanned development, the water resources have dwindled from planet earth in an alarming way. My paper traces the role played by the Indian government in&nbsp; the harnessing of water as an important resourses. In the paper I have also given a critique of the same which comprise an analysis of the various water related policies of the government of India and provides suggestions as how the water resourses can be managed more efficiently so that by saving this precious resourse we ensure a safe future for posterity</p> Suchitra Awasthi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-29 2018-05-29 6 5 211 229 Entrepreneurship Development through Self Help Groups (with special reference to Gokhalenagar Area) <p>Women self-help group means a group of local women framed with homogenous objectives savings or gather for the social purpose of self-promotion. Various objectives can be found behind the formation.</p> <p>It is a significant study, how SHG activities changing the economic and social life of the members</p> <p><strong><u>Objectives:</u></strong> 1.&nbsp;&nbsp; To study who entrepreneurship is increasing with SHGs.</p> <ol start="2"> <li>To provide a module for entrepreneurship development</li> <li>To Give probable suggestions for better working of entrepreneurship development</li> </ol> <p><strong><u>Scope:</u></strong></p> <p>This study is restricted to the SHG in Gokhalenagar only. It has a wide scope. wherever SHGs are working the study is relevant.</p> <p><strong><u>Research methodology</u></strong><strong>: </strong></p> <p>Data collection is done by two types of research</p> <p>Secondary data<strong>-</strong>Secondary data collected from standard books on SHG.</p> <p>Primary data- Primary data is collected through direct personal interview and with the help of structured questionnaire filled by 20 members.</p> <p><strong><u>Conclusions:</u></strong></p> <p>Going through the difficulties the major difficulty the member is facing is to market their product and to insufficient training of business. If the two major difficulties can be solved, the development of members is possible.</p> Arun S. Mokashi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-29 2018-05-29 6 5 230 234 कौशल विकास और निजी क्षेत्र <p>भारत में प्रतिवर्ष 1.20 करोड़ लोग श्रम शक्ति में प्रवेश करने वालों में केवल&nbsp; 2% ही होते हैं जिन्हें औपचारिक प्रशिक्षण प्राप्त होता है.&nbsp; इसलिए श्रम शक्ति का पूर्ण उपयोग करने के लिए कौशल विकास और उद्यमिता पर ध्यान&nbsp; केंद्रित करते हुए युवाओं को बढ़ावा देने की आवश्यकता है. फोर्ब्स इंडिया की रिपोर्ट के अनुसार&nbsp;भारत में वर्ष 2022 तक 50 करोड़&nbsp; प्रशिक्षित युवाओं की आवश्यकता होगी. सर्वाधिक 3.5&nbsp;करोड़&nbsp;प्रशिक्षित युवाओं की आवश्यकता ऑटोमोबाइल एवं ऑटो कंपोनेंट सेक्टर में होगी.&nbsp; इसके उपरांत 3.3&nbsp;करोड़&nbsp;प्रशिक्षित युवाओं की आवश्यकता&nbsp; बिल्डिंग एवं कंस्ट्रक्शन सेक्टर में होगी.&nbsp;इतने बड़े प्रशिक्षण कार्यक्रम का आयोजन सरकार अकेले नहीं कर सकती है. इसके लिए&nbsp; निजी क्षेत्र का सहयोग अपरिहार्य है. &nbsp;</p> Devendra Kr Pandey ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-29 2018-05-29 6 5 235 238 उत्‍तराखण्‍ड में जनजातियों का आर्थिक परिवेश ः तहसीलमुनस्‍यारी का एक प्रतीकात्‍मक अध्‍ययन <p>उत्‍तराखण्‍ड में जनजातियों का आर्थिक परिवेश ः&nbsp; तहसीलमुनस्‍यारी का एक प्रतीकात्‍मक अध्‍ययन</p> Devendra Sinh Parihar J.S. Rawat ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-29 2018-05-29 6 5 239 246 मस्जिद – ए – महल: शिल्‍प एवं वास्‍तुकला का विश्‍लेषण (अफजलपूर) <p>मस्जिद – ए – महल ः शिल्‍प एवं वास्‍तुकला का&nbsp; विश्‍लेषण (अफजलपूर)</p> Shahed Pasha ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-29 2018-05-29 6 5 247 249 स्त्री एवं स्त्रीवादी साहित्य की भाषा <p>साहित्य में कथा-भाषा का रूप, प्रारूप, रंग और गंध एक अलग ही स्वरूप में व्याख्यायित है जबकि इसके इतर व्यक्ति के रूप में स्त्री और पुरुष की भाषा का स्वरूप, कथा भाषा की तुलना में लेखन और बोलचाल के स्तर पर भिन्न होता है| सामान्यतया पुरुष भाषा के मानदंड के आधार पर ही स्त्री-भाषा को विश्लेषित किया जाता रहा है और इसे ही बाद में आदर्श मान लिया गया| पर वर्तमान में यह आवश्यक है की स्त्री-भाषा को भिन्न भाषिक-संरचना में विश्लेषित किया जाये, जिसे पितृसत्तात्मक भाषा के आग्रहों और दवाबों से मुक्त होना अतिआवश्यक है| यदि स्त्री द्वारा कहे-लिखे गये शब्दों पर गौर किया जाये तो ऐसे अनेक अर्थ मिल जाते हैं जो स्त्री-जीवन की अपेक्षा उनके संघर्ष की व्याप्ति और वास्तविकता को गहरे रूप में प्रकट करते हैं| जो इस तथ्य की पुष्टि करता है की स्त्री-भाषा, अपनी प्रकृति और स्वभाव में एक पुरुष भाषा से स्वभावतः भिन्न है|</p> Sunilkumar Yadav Suraj Kumar ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-29 2018-05-29 6 5 250 255 सरयूपार मैदान (उ.प्र.) में सिंचाई का भूमि उपयोग एवं कृषि पर प्रभाव <p>सरयूपार मैदान (उ.प्र<strong>.)</strong> में सिंचाई का&nbsp; भूमि उपयोग एवं कृषि पर प्रभाव</p> Abhishek Sinh ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-29 2018-05-29 6 5 256 264 पोशिंद्याच्‍या आत्‍महत्‍यांचे समुळ उच्‍चाटन करण्‍यासाठी उपाययोजना <p>पोशिंद्याच्‍या आत्‍महत्‍यांचे समुळ उच्‍चाटन करण्‍यासाठी उपाययोजना</p> Subhash Ramrao Kadam ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-29 2018-05-29 6 5 265 266 A Review and Analysis of Voice Identification System <p>Identifying a voice of a person by own voice is a very important human peculiarity, in order that a human easily recognize. The too many subjective problems are arrived in voice identification in compare of noisy voice, very low quality voice, mixing voice and etc.&nbsp; In this article, we are studies some of voice identification methods with their result accuracy. We know that, the voice identification have two main parts, one part explain the extraction of voice signals by MFCC, adaptive MFCC, Cepstral mean subtraction Robust Feature extraction method. The next part, find the similarity of extracted voice signals by some prominent methods like kNN with Double distance method, deep learning method, pattern identification method and etc.</p> <p>We conclude this review with a analysis of method of human voice identification and have a go at to point out strengths and weaknesses of methods.</p> Pharindra Kumar Sharma Neeraj Sahu ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-05-29 2018-05-29 6 5 189 191