International Journal of Innovative Knowledge Concepts <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; <strong>Welcome to IJIKC</strong></p> <p><strong>International Journal of Innovative Knowledge Concepts (IJIKC)</strong> is approved by UGC and <strong>monthly </strong>published in English, Hindi &amp; Marathi for scholars, practitioners, and students. The Journal welcomes original research articles, book reviews, commentaries, correspondence, review articles, technical notes, short communications, case study, books, thesis and dissertation relevant to the fields of Agricultural Science, Ayurved, Biochemistry, Biotechnology, Botany, Chemistry, Commerce, Computer Science, Economics, Engineering, Environmental Sciences, Food Science, Geology, Geography, History, Horticulture, Library &amp; Information Science, Linguistics, Literature, Management Studies, Mathematics, Medical Sciences, Microbiology, Molecular Biology, Nursing, Pharmacy, Physics, Social Science, Zoology. All research papers submitted to the journal will be double blind peer reviewed referred by members of the editorial board.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;Indexed</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;<strong>International Journal of Innovative Knowledge Concepts (IJIKC)</strong> is included in different indexing agencies, <strong><a href=";btnG=&amp;hl=en&amp;as_sdt=0%2C5">Google Scholar</a></strong>, <a href=";type=all&amp;oaboost=1&amp;ling=1&amp;name=&amp;thes=&amp;refid=dcresen&amp;newsearch=1"><strong>BASE - Bielefeld Academic Search Engine,</strong></a> Directory of Research Journal Indexing<strong> etc.</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Sonhira Publication, Pune, India en-US International Journal of Innovative Knowledge Concepts 2454-2415 <p>Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, without the written consent of the Publisher. The Editors reserve the right to edit or otherwise alter all contributions, but authors will receive proofs for approval before publication.</p> <p>Copyrights for articles published in International Journal of Innovative Knowledge Concepts are retained by the authors, with first publication rights granted to the journal. The journal/publisher is not responsible for subsequent uses of the work. It is the author's responsibility to bring an infringement action if so desired by the author.</p> Peer effects and capital structure: A review of literature <p>This article reviews literature related to peer effects and capital structure. We summarize the theoretical motivation for peer effects. Although, peer effects influence in finance is gaining importance yet it still has a long way to go. This paper explores the existing empirical literature discussing the role of peer effects in finance generally and specifically its association with capital structure decisions. This critical analysis of scantily available peer effect literature has been performed to highlight the value and importance of peer effects in financial decision making. Though, peer effects are evident in developed economies firms but it is still largely ignored in developing countries context. Thus, managers should take into consideration their industry peers while making their firm’s financing decisions.</p> Isma Zaighum Mohd Zaini Abd Karim ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-27 2019-03-27 7 3 01 06 A Study of Software Development Life Cycle Models in Security Secenario <p>A number of SDLC models are frequently used for effective software development. Software Development Life Cycle put theoretical approaches for software development environment. A various models of software are essential to develop effective model that ensure to be delivered inside deadline and proper quality issues. Each phase of software development life cycle has given the positive response and effective growth of software. Software Development Life Cycle allows or provides the help to project manager or developers for achieving the more reliable software. In this research paper we will be presented various software life cycle parameters, and developed software security issues.</p> Kavita Srivastava ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-27 2019-03-27 7 3 07 09 Adsorption of cadmium and lead using weed plant species as low cost adsorbent <p>Adsorption forms are by and large broadly utilized by different specialists for the expulsion of substantial metals from waste streams utilizing activated carbon as an adsorbent. As of late, the requirement for protected and efficient strategies for the exclusion of dense metals from degraded water has required research energy toward the generation of minimal effort options to monetarily accessible activated carbon. In this way, there is a critical need that every possible wellspring of agro-based modest adsorbents should be investigated and their attainability for the expulsion of substantial metals must be examined in detail. In this investigation, the adsorption process of <em>Cleome viscosa</em> was examined concerning Cd<sup>2+</sup> and Pb<sup>2+</sup> particles. This plant has not gained much significance and is plentiful in the Indian atmosphere. The batch adsorption technique was utilized for ideal pH, contact time, and initial metal concentration. The adsorption procedure pursues pseudo-second- order reaction kinetics, and in addition Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption isotherms. The maximum removal efficiency of 99% for Cd (II) at pH 5, 98% for Pb (II) at pH 6 was observed using <em>Cl.viscosa</em>.</p> Deepa Panhekar Pooja Bure` Ashok Kalambe Pravin Deharkar ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-27 2019-03-27 7 3 10 16 ICT leads the best practices in the digital age: an analytical study of Gauhati Medical College library, Guwahati, Assam <p><em>ICT is one of the most crucial factors for providing the best services to the users of the library. In this digital age best practices are provided in most of the libraries by the efficient staff. Medical library has been catering the best services to the medical user community. The paper highlights the best practices of Gauhati Medical College Library like impact of ICT on medical library, its services in this ICT environment etc. </em></p> Hira Kalita Sanjay Kumar Singh ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-27 2019-03-27 7 3 17 21 Study Of Kashyapa Samhita With Respect To Balroga Chikitsa Siddhant <p>Kashyapa Samhita is the only authentic and specific Arsha Samhita focused on Balaroga. To explore some Siddhantas of Balarogas a study was focused on Kashyapa Samhita. Along with specific Balroga it extends its clinical aspects up to Garbhini Paricharya, Sutika Paricharya and other concepts like Stanya as mother is closely related to baby.Presently available Kashyapa Samhita is incomplete and has merely approximately twenty five percent remains of its original. This book has nine sections-Sutra, Nidan, Viman, Sharir, Indriya, Chikitsa, Siddhi, Kalpa and Khilsthan.Khilsthan is added later to this book.Special features of Kashyapa Samhita are explained under following headingsGarbhini paricharya,Sutika Awastha, Stanya, Dhatri Chikitsa, Vyadhi Hetu, Lakshana and Chikitsa.</p> Swati Sajjan Patil Madhuri Bhide ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-27 2019-03-27 7 3 22 30 Health Status of the Tribal Communities in India: A Literature Review <p>Tribes are found in almost all states of the country except Punjab, Haryana, Chandigarh, Delhi, and Pondicherry. The tribe is a social division in a society consisting and tied with close social, political, economic and blood ties or relationship forming a small homogenous group with a common culture and dialect.&nbsp; The tribal community is the most economically backward and vulnerable population in the country. Their backwardness is furthermore complicated by their poor health indicators and status. Health is an important factor in social development. It seems that the fruits and benefits of development have not reached to this section of the society properly. The health condition of tribal community is in a state of a great grave and pathetic situation despite the govt’s great efforts and concern for this underdeveloped section of the society. The present paper is a review of available literature on the condition and status of tribal health in India. A systematic review is done to understand the status of the health of tribal communities at large.&nbsp; It is revealed from the review of literature that tribe and their health status is very miserable and need a systematic policy intervention to revive and cure the health condition of the most vulnerable population. &nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Monica Munjial Singh Dandub Palzor Negi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-27 2019-03-27 7 3 31 36 Study of CME events and their influence to the Earth’s environment during the event of June 2015 <p>In this paper, we have studied that Halo-CMEs (Coronal mass ejections) of June 2015 have been associated with Forbush decreases (FDs), Geomagnetic storms and the solar particle event. Four CME events which have been recorded on 18, 19, 21 and 22 June 2015 are the basic cause of FDs and Geomagnetic storms of month June 2015. We have studied that Halo-CMEs and their associated phenomena have linked with Forbush decreases and Geomagnetic storms. In this present work we have observed that FD (Nearly 6%), a severe Geomagnetic storm (Dst = -204 nT) and Proton flux = 531 Particle/cm<sup>2</sup>sr.s (E &gt; 10 Mev) which occurred on 22 June 2015 during the active phase of solar cycle 24.</p> Anand Prakash Tiwari A.K. Saxena Harish Kumar Mishra S.G. Singh Achyut Pandey ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-27 2019-03-27 7 3 37 44 Teaching Strategies and Techniques for Development of Social Skills among Mentally Retarded Students <p>Social skills are important aspects for educating mentally retarded students. Various teaching strategies and techniques are useful for development of social skills among them. Desirable behavior can be developed using behavior modification, shaping chaining, fading, token economy, reinforcement, etc. Services of therapies are also important role played in continuous skill development. This paper is discussed major areas of teaching strategies and techniques and their aspects. Check list was used for data collection from 493 special teachers in Maharashtra state. The main result of the study was various teaching strategies and techniques were helpful for developing social skills among educable, trainable and custodial mentally retarded students.</p> Sandip A. Pawar Pratibha S. Patankar ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-27 2019-03-27 7 3 45 49 Interpretation of Etio-Pathogenesis of Anovulatory Cycle with Ayurvedic Perspective <p>Biomedical science and Ayurved have interpreted Anovulatory Cycle as hormonal imbalance and life style disorder respectively. Thus its Ayurvedic interpretation is essential. Hence, its Ayurvedic perspective in the view of physiopathology, factors contributing ovulation etc. were studied along with the survey of 100 pre-diagnosed cases. The collected data was statistically analyzed to rule out the predominant <em>Doshas</em> in etio-pathogenesis. Role of current lifestyle in Anovulation is verified. Two modes of pathogenesis (<em>Santarpana</em> and <em>Apatarpana</em>) due to abnormality in contributing factors were stated along with involved predominant <em>Doshas</em>. Relevant etiological factors of these two modes along with localized and generalized symptoms were stated and justified accordingly. Various conditions like multiple small follicle, hemorrhagic cyst etc. were correlated with appropriate type of above said modes of pathogenesis. Causes found in today’s era are quoted. Role of imbalance in contributing factors leading to Anovulatory Cycle was interpreted<em>. </em></p> Archana S. Gaikwad Savita S. Nilakhe ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-27 2019-03-27 7 3 50 56 Study the effect of Sariva in Jelly form in Ahiputan vis -a-vis napkin rash. <p>Ahiputan is a skin disorder occurring in children mentioned in ashtang sangraha &amp; Sushrut samhita. According to Acharyas&nbsp; it is a disease&nbsp; caused by consuming vitiated mother’s milk and uncleanness of the perianal region.&nbsp; The clinical features of&nbsp; Ahiputan and napkin rash are quite similar. Hence, they can be correlated. Both are characterized by perianal redness, itching local ulceration, irritability of child.</p> Shital J. Patil Rahul H. Gujarathi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-27 2019-03-27 7 3 57 65 Study The Efficacy Of Haridra Kwath Kawal In Gilayu Vruddhi Vis-A-Vis Acute Tonsilitis In Children In Agegroup Of 5 Year To 10 Year <p>Gilayu (Tonsillitis) is a very common disease mentioned in various samhitas. According to</p> <p>Acharya sushruta gilayu described in mukharogas and it is caused by vitiation of kapha dosha</p> <p>and rakta dushti. The causes and clinical features of Gilayu and Tonsilltis are quite similar,</p> <p>hence they can correlate. It shows symptoms like Tonsillar hypertrophy , redness on pharynx</p> <p>and pharyngeal tonsils Dysphasia, fever, throat pain, Otalgia, post nasal discharge</p> Divya Jadhav Rahul H. Gujarathi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-27 2019-03-27 7 3 66 74 Study of etiopathogenesis of Vitamin B12 deficiency with special reference to Pandu <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Vitamin B12 also called as cobalamin is a water-soluble vitamin that has a key role in the normal functioning of the brain and nervous system and the formation of red blood cells. It involved in the metabolism of every cell of the human body. Vitamin B12 deficiency can manifest itself as anemia. According to Ayurveda, symptoms of anemia can be compared with Pandu. The disease in which, whole body becomes pale is called Pandu Roga. It is Pitta dominant Tridoshaja Vyadhi. Vitamin B12 deficiency is a worldwide problem. In India prevalence rate of vitamin B12 in adult and elderly is 25%. In this research, etiopathogenesis of Vitamin B12 deficiency has been studied.</p> <p><strong>Objectives</strong><strong>-</strong>To study the Hetu &amp; Samprapti of Vitamin B12 deficiency from the Ayurvedic point of view. <strong>Method</strong><strong> –</strong>Retrospective observational study, carried out in 30 patients. <strong>Observations &amp; Discussion</strong><strong> - </strong>According to observations, Aaharaj Hetu – Katu, Amla &amp; Lavan Rasa Ati sevan found in 65%, 50%, &amp; 46% patients respectively, excessive consumption of pulses &amp; bakery items in 50% patients, consumption of (Hotel) food in 80% patients, Viruddha aahar sevan in 54% patients were found. In Viharaj Hetu – Vegavarodha was found in 63% patients, Sedentary work &amp; Aatap sevan in 60 % &amp; 50% patients respectively &amp; Ratri jagaran Hetu found in 40% patients. In Manas Hetu, Chinta was predominantly found in 100% patients. Krodha in 90% patients &amp; Bhaya was found in 30 %. <strong>Conclusion</strong><strong> –</strong>Aahar, Vihar, Manas Hetu of Pandu Vyadhi are responsible for Vitamin B12 deficiency.</p> Archana Amarsingh Kanase – Patil A.A. Muke A.B. More ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-27 2019-03-27 7 3 75 81 ICT Mediated Blended Approach for Teaching Hydrolytic Behaviour of P-Block Halides: A Pathway of Conceptualizing Inorganic Reaction Mechanism with Organic Eyes <p>ICT (Information and Communication Technology) mediated blended strategy has been designed to teaching inorganic reaction mechanisms of <em>p-</em>block halides. The main purpose of this strategy is the explanation of the inorganic reaction mechanism to the students with the help of multimedia driven pedagogical tool. This strategy will help the introductory chemistry students’ understanding of inorganic reaction mechanisms with organic eyes. The efficacy of the proposed strategy was evaluated with respect to traditional instructional strategy.</p> Chandan Adhikary Sibananda Sana K.N. Chattopadhyay ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-27 2019-03-27 7 3 82 96 Comparative Study Of The Effect Between Salaparni, Prsnaparni Siddha Cow’s Milk And Plain Cow’s Milk On Growth Of Infants <p><strong>BACKGROUND</strong>-mother’s milk is best nutrition for the baby. But in lactation failure mothers feed their infants with cow’s milk as it is easily available and economically feasible as compared to other substitutes like formula feed. But as cow’s milk have several side effects and long term adverse effects hence it was decided to study effect of <em>salaparni, prsnaparni siddha </em>(processed with herbs) cow’s milk in infants fed on cow’s milk.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;METHOD</strong>-In these study 49 infants fed on cow’s milk and fitting the inclusion criteria were randomly selected from Kaumarbhritya- Bala Roga OPD of Bharati Ayurved Hospital, Pune. The infants were then placed randomly in two groups i.e. Trial group (group A) and Control group (group B), 25 infants in group A and 24 infants in group B. Trial group received <em>salaparni, prsnaparni</em> processed cow’s milk and control group received plain cow’s milk. Follow up was done on 7<sup>th</sup>, 30<sup>th</sup>, 60<sup>th</sup> and 90<sup>th</sup> day on the basis of anthropometric measurements that included weight, length, head circumference and chest circumference.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;RESULT</strong>-In present study, trial group was more effective in achieving 75<sup>th</sup> percentile of all anthropometric measurements (weight, length, head circumference and chest circumference) than in control group. In control group only 50<sup>th </sup>percentile of all anthropometric measurements(weight, length, head circumference and chest circumference) &nbsp;was achieved according to WHO growth charts.</p> Manali Mehta ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-27 2019-03-27 7 3 97 105 A study on kerala’s hill stations and its tourist attractions <p><strong>ABSTRACT</strong></p> <p>Tourism industry has consistently procured an undeniably huge position in the worldwide economy. A susceptible impression of it might represent the business simply as a supplier of essential offices so as to meet the desires and view of the visitors. A more critical look would, in any case, uncover that, it fuses and involves an entire arrangement of complex factors and powers. It is a blast time for Kerala tourism. Alongside the development of the Kerala economy by and large, the tourism area has likewise seen gigantic lightness lately. Imaginative and showcase centered commercial crusades help Kerala to support its tourism inflows in both volume and esteem. Tourism elevates individuals’ to-individuals contacts, ethnic social understanding, common gratefulness and co-task, in this manner advancing harmony. The improvement of tourism relies upon different factors, for example, fascination, convenience, transportation, amusement, eateries, shopping, cordiality, wellbeing and security, disposition of the host network, traveler goals, etc. A noteworthy part of the income in slope zones is from tourism and it additionally offers a great deal of work open doors for the host network consistently. Despite the fact that Hill tourism has a vital spot in the financial advancement of slope territories specifically and the tourism area of the State as a rule, no sober minded exertion has been made by individual scientists or foundations to investigate the capability of hill tourism in Kerala.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Nishad A. ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-27 2019-03-27 7 3 106 112 The study of efficacy of Makhanachurna with SharkarayuktaDugdha in Intrauterine Growth Restriction <p>Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is common diagnosis in obstetrics &amp; carries increased risk of perinatal mortality &amp; morbidity. The incidence of IUGR among hospital born live birth infants is 9.65% as reported by National Neonatal prenatal database of India. There is certain management adviced in Ayurveda for such IUGR conditions such as use of Ghruta&amp; milk medicated with Bhautika, Jeevaniya, BruhaniyaGana, Madhurrasatmak, Vatahara, Balya, Kaphakarak drugs to increase fetal weight. Makhana is Madhura, Tikta, Kashayrasatmak; Guru, Sheet, Balyagunatmak; Sheet veerya, Madhurvipaki, Tridoshahara. It also contains Amino acids, Proteins, Carbohydrates, Vitamins, Arginine etc. which is used in Modern science, for the treatment of IUGR.</p> <p><strong>METHODOLOGY: </strong></p> <p>1) Type of study: This is open randomised clinical study.</p> <p>2) Sample size: 30 patients</p> <p>3) Place: BharatiAyurved Hospital.</p> <p>4) Case paper: Model case paper according to department of StreeRoga&amp;PrasutiTantra.</p> <p>30 patients satisfying with selection criteria were selected for study &amp; their primary data was collected. USG &amp; laboratory investigation done prior to the administration of medicine. The study drug Makhanachurna had given to diagnosed patients in a dose of 5gm twice a day with SharkarayuktaDugdha as Anupana. The study drug was given for 1month. 1<sup>st</sup> follow up was advised after 15 days &amp; 2<sup>nd</sup> after 1 month. Changes in sonography report were recorded.</p> <p><strong>RESULT:</strong> Result obtained as per assessment criteria of before &amp; after treatment, showing significant action of drug on IUGR. Treatment had no any adverse effects in clinical trial.</p> <p><strong>STATISTICAL ANALYSIS:</strong> After collection of data proper statistical tests applied &amp; significant result observed.</p> <p><strong>CONCLUSION:</strong></p> <p>1) Makhanachurna with SharkarayuktaDugdha was given to &nbsp;patients with sonographically diagnosed IUGR, which showed beneficial effect in improving maternal health &amp; Foetal growth. Hence it can be concluded that Makhanachurna has a good nutritive value.</p> <p>2) No any adverse effects were found during or after treatment on mother &amp; foetus.</p> Smita H. Sonawane Mrudula B. Kulkarni ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-27 2019-03-27 7 3 113 118 A Study On Challenges Faced By Traditional Fisherwomen Entrepreneurs In Thiruvananthapuram District Of Kerala <p>Fisheries sector in India plays a very important role in Indian economics and it remains as a flourishing sector with varied resources and potentials. The primary consideration for the study in this sector can be visualized by the 8 – fold increase that India achieved in fish production in last decades, i.e. from 0.75 million tons in 1950 to 5.70 million tons in 2016. Traditional fisherwomen in this sector contribute a prime role to the marketing enhancement of fisheries products. Unlike&nbsp;other&nbsp;forms&nbsp;of product&nbsp;marketing&nbsp;activities,&nbsp;marketing work for fresh fish does not consider time or place, since it depends on the arrival of boats in fish landing centers.&nbsp;With the objective&nbsp;of&nbsp;examining&nbsp;the&nbsp;problems&nbsp;faced by traditional fisherwomen in the state of Kerala, India, a qualitative study was undertaken in four schedules, April to June 2017. The observation of the focus group discussion was tabulated and reported. Percentage analysis was used to give a better idea about the state of affairs. Being the entrepreneurs, fisherwomen face problems such as the absence of management knowledge, vagueness in their business objectives, poor working conditions, hesitations from society and institutions, heavy&nbsp;workload and vagueness governance.</p> Jinu L. S. Sajeev ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-27 2019-03-27 7 3 119 122 Article Title: The impact of using Tablet Based Second Language Learning in the Indian classroom setting: A Qualitative Study <p>The conventional method of teaching and learning is more monotonous and learners felt mundane. Tablet based teaching and learning is a cutting-edge in higher education. It upholds the effective education in an innovative way. The main purpose of this research is to explore the impact of using Tablet Based L2 Learning in the language classroom. A sample of forty three students (30 males and 13 females) was assessed for this study. The researchers adapt qualitative research design, conducted an unstructured interview (a set of questionnaire) with the technical L2 learners. The results have been analyzed through descriptive statistics. The result reveals that technical L2 learners are more interested and curious to usethe tablet in the language class and it enhances the technical L2 learners’ creativity and learner’s autonomy.</p> Saranraj L. Rajalakshmi K. ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-27 2019-03-27 7 3 123 125 To Study the “aetiopathogenesis of Anidra in Vaardhakya with special reference to geriatrics <p>In Ancient time, Ayurved was described in eight branches, among them Jara is one of the main branch. We did study only on Anidra in Jaraawastha (Vaardhakya). In this study Aaharja Hetu, Viharaj Hetu &amp; Manas Hetu were mainly included. <strong>Method: </strong>Review of ‘Jara &amp; Anidra’ in all samhita had been done &amp; it was Observational and survey type of study. <strong>Observations: </strong>According to observations 67.67% Pulses, 56%Katu Rasa, 76% Non-veg diet, 96% Chinta as Hetu was found. 72% Vata Dosha Dushti, 100% Rasa Dhatu Dushti and 100% Annavaha, Rasavaha, Manovaha Strotas Dushti was found. <strong>Discussion: </strong>According to observation StrotoDushti, DhatuDushti, Dosha Prakop &amp; Changes in Mala were interpreted through the lakshanas has been elaborated and discussion were made on the basis of observation.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Tikta Rasa, Pulses and non-veg diet consumption predominantly along with Chinta were found as a major Hetu of Anidra in 65-70 age group.</p> Jitendra Prakash Jadhav A.B. More ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-27 2019-03-27 7 3 126 131 A Study On Satisfaction Of Consumers Towards Fast Moving Consumer Goods In Dharmapuri District <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Indian FMCG market is one of the biggest markets in the world. It is fourth largest sector in India. The FMCG is very essential for everybody’s life. The market is for all categories of people. This consumable market provides very essential products which are needed in day-to-day life. This market is purely based on consumers’ satisfaction. This paper is measuring the consumers’ satisfaction towards FMCG in Dharmapuri District of Tamil Nadu. One hundred sample respondents were selected for the study. It also studies the relationship between the demographical variable and the satisfaction level of the respondents.</p> P Mohanasundaram ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-27 2019-03-27 7 3 132 136 Human Resource Recruitment In Indian Railway <p>Human is the most important alive assets of every organization and human resources is described for both employees who works in the organization and the department which is responsible for managing the human resource related to employees. Indian railway is the largest department in transport service sector in India. Indian railway is biggest employer having 13.08 lakh employees. In group A&amp;B number of employees 16,300 , in group C 12,11,400 and in group D 80,600.The ratio of employees in Indian railway among&nbsp; A &amp; B ,&nbsp; group C and group D is at 1.63 : 121.14 : 8.06 . The recruitment and selection for group A &amp;B employees is empowered to the UPSC and Railway Recruitment Board for recruit C and D group employees. Hence the present paper study the recruitment&nbsp; of human resource in Indian railway for group A,B,C and D employees.</p> Priti Gupta ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-27 2019-03-27 7 3 137 138 Experimental research on Fatigue Index in individuals performing Surya Namaskar <p>In day today life the lifestyle that we generally follow is primarily responsible for all the emerging ailments and diseases. In ancient times our anscestors lived an active life from &nbsp;their household acivities, daily prayer regimes and Lord sankirtans&nbsp; to their &nbsp;bread butter earning, their life style was very active which gave them physical as well as mental strength to sustain in life.Whereas our life styles are vice versa.This study is designed to study the effect of Surya Namaskar which is our Vedic treasure , on fatigue Index of individuals.</p> <p>The purpose of this study is to create an awareness regarding the age old vedic concept of Surya Namaskar and its importance in our life, so that masses &nbsp;perform this ancient technique for mental and physical well being. Since, Surya Namaskar is not merely a combination of yogasanas , it is a combination of yogasanas plus pranayam plus spirituality.Thus, Surya Namaskar works on three levels ie, physical , mental and soul level. In this study Fatigue Index is calculated in individuals who perform Surya Namaskar on a daily basis. Harward’s Step Test is used for Fatigue Index calculation.</p> Surbhi Raina Kavita Indapurkar ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-27 2019-03-27 7 3 139 141 Management of Hypoxemia in Complicated Case of Cyanotic Congenital Heart Disease through a Novel Herbal Medicines Aerosol Atomization - A Case Report <p>Management of Cyanotic congenital heart disease with severe cyanosis by Ayurveda is valuable to discuss. The article illustrate that Ayurvveda is not only for the management of chronic non-communicable diseases or it is not only meant for the prevention of diseases, a very popular misconception about Ayurveda. Ayurveda can be successfully use for the management of acute conditions like hypoxemia only it required incorporation of science.</p> Kajaria Divya ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-27 2019-03-27 7 3 142 146 Children of Teen mothers – Risks and challenges <p>Teenage pregnancy, a public health problem is distributed worldwide. The seriousness of teenage pregnancy reflects itself in multiple issues such as health, economic, social and education with diverse and adverse consequences and outcomes. It is serious because of the double burden that teenage pregnancy poses with. The combination of age and pregnancy leads to complications not only for the mother but also for the baby. Vast number of studies has brought out the consequences and outcomes for the mother. Accordingly, there have been a number of research studies that has focused on the risks and challenges that have to be faced by the child of a teen mother. The risks and challenges may have negative effects on the well being of the children and these effects may increase as child’s age increases. The clear conclusion is that teenage pregnancy affects the physical, cognitive and behavioral outcomes of children. The combination of finding from several studies over various domains very clearly points out that child’s early years are significant, as it is a foundation period for the future health and well being of the child. Interventions to address these factors must begin early in life of a child of teenage mother. The impact of the intervention should be shown over a significant period in the course of life, as these children may be more likely to transmit their inherited and learnt behaviors to their own offspring when they become adults themselves.</p> Ramya Bhaskar Komala M ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-27 2019-03-27 7 3 147 150 Impact of performance appraisal system on employee’s satisfaction: a study of bsnl aizawl. <p>Today, in fast varying scenario of the economy, Performance appraisal has become a essential requirement of every organisation to evaluate their’s employees performance. This study examines organisational, legal, ethical, and professional psychosocial issues in term of employee’s performance appraisal satisfaction. Further more study focuses on the role of psychological issues in workplace as a mediator between employees satisfaction with appraisal system. To find which psychosocial factor affect on performance appraisal system in public sector Company, data has been collected from 40 employees of BSNL Aizawl by using simple random sampling. This study will be explored how psychosocial &nbsp;measures and techniques may be useful in managing changes and conflict, increasing the morale of employees dealing with occupational health and safety issues and maintain employees satisfaction will be also explored. This will lead to strength of employees and organisation reduce psychosocial issues and creating positive work culture to increase organisational productivity</p> Amit Kumar Singh Bhuvanesh Kumar ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-27 2019-03-27 7 3 151 155 A Chance Acquaintance Developing into a Relationship in Tagore’s Stories: The Postmaster and The Cabuliwallah <p>Rabindranath Tagore was the first writer of the true short story in Bengali and was a creative genius of inexhaustible fecundity. He put our country on the literary map of the world. In his short stories Tagore shows great psychological insights into human nature and behavior and brings out the inherent emotional possibilities and patterns of human relations.</p> Anupma Garg ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-27 2019-03-27 7 3 156 158 Efficacy Of Rasayana Vati, Tiktaksheera Basti, And Saraswatarishta In Perimenopause And Menopause <p>Rajonivritti (menopause) is the stage which comes in every woman’s life. This stage causes many changes in her day to day life. One third part of woman’s life is under the premenopausal and menopausal age. The condition occurs due to degenerative changes at the junction of middle and old age of women. In today era menopausal age varies from 40-50 yrs age group .In recent years according to lifestyle changes early menopause is also seen in some females.</p> <p>Menopause doesn’t need emergency intervention, but to overcome its long lasting effect on women’s physical and psychological health &amp; their management is necessary.</p> <p>The HRT treatment is popular, but not commonly recommended in every individual women.HRT has its own side effects.</p> <p>In Rajonivrutti vatavruddhi and dhatukshaya is seen. Ayurveda has excellent solutions like Rasayana, Panchkarma for it. For happy transition into rajonivrutti with lesser physiological and psychological effects rasayanvati, tiktaksheerbasti and saraswatarishta were used.</p> <p>Yoga is also an important branch developed by an Indian sage Patanjali. Patanjali’s ‘Astanga yoga’ consists of eight components namely Yama, Niyama, Asana, Pranayama, Prathyahara, Dharana, Dhyana and Samadhi. Some of the components of yoga like asana (posture), pranayama (breathing) and dhyana (meditation) can be effectively used to provide relief from several physical and psychological symptoms associated with jaraawasthajanya vyadhi (rajonivrutti) and also help to enhance the quality of life at all stages of human life<strong>.</strong></p> Nikita Pawar Seema Gholap ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-27 2019-03-27 7 3 159 170 The Role Of Krishna Tila With Guda Vati In Management Of Artava Kshaya <p>Due to changed life style of women, the physical and emotional stress increases, alters the physiology and ends with disruption of “hypothalamus pituitary ovarian uterine axis” which leads to many gynaecological problems. Among all most common one is menstrual irregularities with Artava kshaya being more common. In modern context, the treatmeant is based on hormonal preparations only which have many hazardous effects and other such limitations. It was decided to find out potential of ayurvedic formulation which is recommended in similar condition ( mensturation cycle) with its economical feasibility as well as safe.</p> <p><strong><u>METHODOLOGY :</u></strong></p> <p>The&nbsp; research was carried out at Prasuti tantra and Striroga vibhag of Bharati Vidyapeeth Ayurved Hospital, Dhankawadi , Pune-43, Open experimental (clinical) study , total 30 patients were taken where Krishna tila with guda vati of 250mg given orally twice&nbsp; a day for 5 days&nbsp; with 1<sup>st</sup>&nbsp; follow up after 1 month 2<sup>nd</sup> month then 3<sup>rd</sup> month .</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong><u>RESULTS :</u></strong></p> <p>Comparing the assessment criteria before and after treatment&nbsp; it was seen that there was significant action of drugs&nbsp; used Krishna tila with guda vati in Artava kshaya. Treatment had no any adverse effects in clinical trial.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong><u>&nbsp;</u></strong></p> <p><strong><u>STATISTICAL ANALYSIS</u></strong><strong>:</strong></p> <p>As per stastistical analysis Krishna tila with guda vati showed significant effect.</p> <p>&nbsp;<strong><u>CONCLUSION</u></strong></p> <p>In the present study it has been proved effective that Krishna tila with guda vati in management of&nbsp; Artava kshaya.</p> <p>No any adverse or side effects were found during and after the treatment .</p> Meeti Samajpati Seema Gholap ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-27 2019-03-27 7 3 171 181 Mutrashmari (Renal Calculi) <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The formation of urinary stone is a complex physio-chemical process which involves sequence of events i.e. consequences of imbalance between stone promoters and inhibitors in the kidney. The persons suffering from urinary stone are very high and the rate is increased day by day, this is strongly associated with changing of standard of living, Geographic area, Climatic changes due to industrialization, Diet and Occupational factors. The identification of common modifiable risk factors for urinary stone formation may result in new approach for treatment. In <em>Ayurvedic</em> classics this disease can be correlated with <strong>‘</strong><em>Ashmari</em>’which occurs commonly in the <em>Mutravahasrotas</em> and has elaborately described its <em>Nidana, Purvaroopa</em>, <em>Roopa</em>, <em>Chikista</em> (<em>Oushadha</em> and <em>Shastra karmas</em>) and <em>Upadravas</em>. In <em>Ayurveda</em> numbers of drugs are mentioned to treat different types of <em>Ashmari</em>.</p> Angaraj Mohan Davari Snehalata Sagar Salunkhe ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-27 2019-03-27 7 3 182 185 E-Banking Frauds: A Study of the Legislative Measures <p>This article is regarding the e-banking frauds and the legislative measures. The paper contains various kinds of e-banking frauds and also modes to protect and prevent e-banking frauds. The meaning of e-banking, various channels through which e-banking transactions can be done are also given in the paper. Automatic Teller Machine, Debit and Credit Cards, Internet and Mobile banking are the few channels for e- banking.&nbsp; The article explains reasons of e-banking frauds being committed. Electronic banking means bank’s services are delivered to customer at their work place or home or anywhere they require it. Internet has made it possible to provide banking services at the door step of the customer. Inspite of having so many advantages and benefits to customers, banks, merchants, traders, government and nation there is no much development because with these benefits there are lot of challenges and issues faced in e-banking system, therefore people are reluctant and scared to use e-banking services and they still follow the manual mode for banking transactions, they feel that there is security threat, there are legal, operational and other issues. So the development has not taken place yet in the developing countries like India.</p> Dipti Gala ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-27 2019-03-27 7 3 186 191 Study of Gomutra Arka in Symptoms of Pakvashayagata Vata <p><em>Mutra </em>is one of the important<em> Jangamdravya </em>used in the treatment of various diseases.<em> Mutra varga </em>has been discussed taking into account its importance and significance. Eight types of<em> Mutra </em>are enumerated with specific qualities and application. When<em> Vata Dosha </em>gets aggravated in body it does not hamper daily routine in the beginning. Most of the time, it goes unnoticed. When not treated properly, it may lead to severe diseases like <em>Udavarta,</em></p> <p>&nbsp;<em>Gulma and Shwasa</em>.<em> Chikitsa </em>of<em> Pakvashayagata Vata </em>is given as<em> Vatanulomana, Virechana, Niruha Basti, Asthapana Basti </em>and<em> Varti</em>. In<em> Anaha </em>and<em> Udavarta</em>, use of<em> Gomutra </em>has been</p> <p>&nbsp;mentioned. In this study 7 symptoms of <em>Pakvashayagata Vata</em> were assessed and treated with <em>Gomutra Arka</em>. it is also found to be more acceptable. 5ml<em> Gomutra Arka </em>with equal quantity of water was administered days for 30 patients between age group 18-70 years. The obtained results were assessed by Wilcoxon test. It was observed in clinical study that <em>Gomutra Arka</em></p> <p>&nbsp;was effective in symptoms of <em>Pakvashayagata Vata</em> like <em>Antrakujana, Krichramutra,</em> <em>Krichrapurisha, Anaha.</em></p> Nikita Vishnudas Naik Sachin S. Kulkarni ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-27 2019-03-27 7 3 192 202 Child Psyche and Childhood in Anita Desai’s Selected Works <p>Child psyche holds a significant position in the area of research in psychology. It not merely refers to the study of physical, biological growth of a child but also traces and studies the development of its mind and behaviour from prenatal stage through adolescence. In this context of child psychology, this paper draws attention to the age-old concept of child along its psyche and development in order to analyse the depiction of child psychology as well as childhood in Anita Desai’s selected works. Although she is primarily hailed as one of the doyens of Indian feminist writers, some of her works like <em>Games at Twilight, Village by the Sea</em> successfully depict the lives of children, society’s influence on them, capturing the subtle intricacies of their minds. Thus, to explore child psyche and society’s effect and impact on child in Desai’s works in light of child psychology helps in questioning the concept of ideal childhood.</p> Rashmi Singh Devendra Kumar Prajapati ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-27 2019-03-27 7 3 203 208 A comparative study for efficacy of Duralabhadi Kashaya and Indrayawadi Kashay in the management of Pittaj Jwara <p>A comparative study for efficacy of Duralabhadi Kashaya and Indrayawadi Kashay in the management of Pittaj Jwara is a randomized comparative clinical trial study. 120 patients were selected as per the inclusion criteria and divided into two groups with presenting Lakshanas as Jwaravega, Atisaar, Anidra, Chhardi, Kanthapaak, Mukhapaak, Nasapaak, Sweda, Pralap, Katuta, Murchha, Daha, Mada, Trishna, Peetavarni purisha, Peetavarni mutra, Peetavarni netra, Bhrama.Group A was given Duralabhadi Kashaya 40ml in Vyanodan kal &nbsp;for 7 days.Group B was given Indrayawadi Kashaya 40ml inVyanodan Kal in a day for 7 days.</p> <p>Investigations such as CBC with ESR,Blood for MP, Urine routine &amp; microscopic were done. Patients follow up and assessment was done. During the study period there was no any adverse effect of both drugs noticed by patients. Duralabhadi kashaya and Indrayawadi Kashaya is safe and found equally effective in Pittaj Jwara.</p> Saurabh Bhanudasrao Chavan D.L. Shinde S.S. Salunkhe ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-27 2019-03-27 7 3 209 217 Role of Cooperative Movement and Law in Comprehensive Growth of India <p>The concept of cooperation and cooperative activities were prevailing in various parts of India under diverse headings even before independence also. The law plays significant role in the development through cooperative reforms. The Cooperative Societies Act, 1904 was the first law with respect to cooperatives in India which was followed by a number of supporting legislations in pre and post-independence era. Cooperatives are explicitly mentioned in Part IV, article 43 and Schedule VII, Entries 43 &amp; 44 of the Union List and Entry 32 of the State List under the Constitution of India. The Constitution of India acknowledge ‘right to form cooperative’ as a fundamental right under Article 14 and 19 (1) (c). The cooperatives are recognised as one of the most important economic and social organization in the nation’s life.&nbsp; Presently, cooperatives functioning in various sectors are facing different problems in India due to lack of democratic, autonomous and professional functioning; efficiency, effectiveness and transparency in their working and management; corporate governance and internal as well as external accountability. This must be addressed on priority basis in order to restore its place of pride in the growth of our nation’s economy. Author in this article aims (i) to trace the origin and growth of cooperative movement at global and state level, (ii) to elucidate the role of law and cooperative movement in comprehensive growth of a nation, (iii) to evaluate the legal regulation of cooperative sector at international level and in India, and (iii) to suggest appropriate measures for the effective formation and functioning cooperative societies in India.</p> Satish Shinde ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-27 2019-03-27 7 3 218 224 An Improved The Performance Of Data Mining Using Classification Techniques <p>In today’s world stored data in education database increases highly, the databases contain information hidden &amp; required for improvement of student’s performance. Today’s turning point in higher education is performance of students there are many factors which influences performance of student in academics it is high time for the development of data mining model for performance of students in order to differentiate between slow and high learners in students category. In this research paper an experimental methodology was adopted to prepare database, the unfurnished data was processed in filling up missing values terms the converting of figures in one form to another form and retreated features/ variable selection.&nbsp; The outcome occurs had 300 record of student which is used for by byes classification prediction model construction.</p> Brijesh Kumar Bhardwaj ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-27 2019-03-27 7 3 225 227 भारत में विकेन्‍द्रीकरण <p>भारत में विकेन्‍द्रीकरण</p> Suresh Chandra `Kandpal ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-27 2019-03-27 7 3 228 233 श्री रामदास स्वामींच्या साहित्यातील तत्त्वज्ञानाचा विचार <p>महाराष्ट्रात अनेक संप्रदाय आहेत. त्या संप्रदायांनी वेगवेगळ्या तत्वज्ञानाचा स्वीकार केला आहे.त्यापैकी रामदासी संप्रदाय हा महाराष्ट्रात विस्तृत प्रमाणात आहे .त्यांनी कोणत्या तत्वज्ञाना स्वीकार केला आहे याचा शोध घेण्याचा प्रयत्न या शोधनिबंधात केला आहे.</p> <p>प्रस्तुत अभ्यासाठी श्री.रा.स्वा. नी जे ग्रंथ लिहीले त्यापैकी महत्त्वाचे ग्रंथ म्हणजे दासबोध, अभंग गाथा या ग्रंथाचे सहय्याने त्यानी देवाचे स्वरूप काय मानले आहे? जीवाचे स्वरूप काय मानले आहे? जीव व ईश्‍वर यांत भेद मानला आहे की अभेद मानला आहे? या प्रश्‍नांचा वेध घेण्याचा प्रयत्न या शोधनिबंंधामध्ये केला आहे . हा&nbsp; अभ्यास ग्रंथनिष्ठ आहे. त्यामुळे श्री.रा.स्वा.चे मूळ ग्रंथ अभ्यासण्यावर मी विशेष भर दिला आहे. कोष, अंतरजालावरील संकेतस्थळे यांचाही मी प्रसंगी वापर केला.तसेच तज्ज्ञांशी चर्चाही केली आहे.</p> Yashodhan Sakhare ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-27 2019-03-27 7 3 234 241 भारत के बंजारा जनजातीय समुदाय का बदलता आर्थिक परिदृष्य आर्थिक विवभेदीकरण एवं गत्यायत्म कता उ.प्र.के रूडेलखण्‍ड के विशेष संदर्भ में <p>भारत के बंजारा जनजातीय समुदाय का बदलता आर्थिक परिदृष्‍य आर्थिक विवभेदीकरण एवं&nbsp; गत्‍यात्‍मकता उ.प्र.के रूडेलख्‍ण्‍ड के विशेष संदर्भ में <strong>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</strong></p> Siraj Ahmad ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-27 2019-03-27 7 3 242 245 Exploring Innovations in Policy for Agriculture Bioinformatics and Cultivation of Scientific and Sustainable Skills in India <p>Science is an essential social activity that emerges for a particular society concerning present social context for innovating modern technologies that can deal with the problem of hunger and guarantying food security in India. Therefore, sociology of science is an interesting discipline which relates fundamental research and problem that originates from the practical affairs. There is a need for a fresh start from social scientist to involve them in applying knowledge and insights from rapidly expanding agriculture bioinformatics to transform social dynamics of agrarian nation like India. The concept of food security has developed over a few decades to reflect changes in policy thinking to make food available, accessible and affordable for every person living around the world. Agriculture in India today considered being at stage of crisis, and so the role of policy makers and government denial in the proliferation of agriculture becomes important. Hence the paper is an attempt to understand the role and affairs of bioinformatics in agriculture sector for increasing the production level without compromising with sustainability. The discipline enables varied technologies that are used for the retrieval of nucleic acid sequences, protein sequence, structural information, annotation and storage for making database. It is the potential of bioinformatics that the technology is used in many disciplines they are crop genome sequencing, gene editing, DNA finger printing and other life science applications, microbial genomic research and agriculture bioinformatics.</p> Diwakar Kumar ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-27 2019-03-27 7 3 246 250 The Impact of open access literature productivity of Chemistry: A DOAJ Perspective <p>The electronic environment of 21<sup>st</sup> century will encompass a wide range of technologies. Directory of open access journals (DOAJ) is the mass accepted and authentic list of scholarly, peer-reviewed and fully open access journals. &nbsp;The study explores various facets open access literature in the subject of Chemistry through DOAJ. Directory of open access journals covers literature contribution of a wide variety of subject, different languages and also different countries. &nbsp;The study explores Indian contribution to DOAJ, subject wise distribution, country wise institution wise categorization, publisher wise distribution and language wise distribution.</p> Pompa Bhadra ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-27 2019-03-27 7 3 251 257 Study Of Antibiotic Sensitivity of Staphylococcus Aureus And Klebsiella Pneumoniae Isolated From Biomedical Waste <p>The biomedical waste is likely to contain pathogens. These pathogens are continuously exposed to various antibiotics which may induce resistance to antibiotics in them.<strong> <em>Staphylococcus aureus</em></strong> is a potentially dangerous opportunistic pathogen associated with community acquired as well as nosocomial infections and is gaining resistance to commonly used antibiotics. Studies have indicated it as a common cause of septicemia. The antibiotic resistance is rapidly increasing in <strong><em>Klebsiella pneumoniae</em></strong> which is also a common opportunistic hospital-associated pathogen. In the present study <strong><em>Staphylococcus aureus </em></strong>and <strong><em>Klebsiella pneumonae </em></strong>were isolated from biomedical waste collected from different hospitals and studied for their sensitivity to commonly used antibiotics.</p> <p>Antibiotic susceptibility pattern of<strong><em> Staphylococcus</em></strong> <strong><em>aureus </em></strong>showed highest sensitivity to <strong>Vancomycin (97.22%)</strong>,followed by Streptmycin (91.66%), Amikacin (88.88%), Gentamycin (83.33%),Ceftazidime (80.55%),Tetracycline (80.55%),Nitrofuratine (80.55%),</p> <p>Cephotaxime(75%),Doxicyclinehydrochloride(75%),Chloramphenicol(61.11%),</p> <p>Ciprofloxacin (58.33%),Cotrimoxazole (55.55%),Ofloxacin (50%),Norfloxacin (44.44%),</p> <p>Pefloxacin(38.88), Erythromycin(33.33%), Lomefloxacin(27.77%), Ampicillin (25%), Netilmicin /Netilin (13.18%), Nalidixic acid (13.18%) and all the isolates were resistant to Penicillin G.</p> <p>&nbsp;Antibiotic sensitivity study of <strong><em>Klebsiella pneumoniae</em></strong> isolates showed that it is sensitivetoStreptmycin(90.47%)followedbyTetracycline(80.95),Amikacin(66.66%)Netilmicin/Netilin(61.90%),Cotrimoxazole(57.14%),Norfloxacin(52.38%),Nalidixicacid(47.61%),Nitrofuratine(47.61%),Gentamycin(23.80%),Lomefloxacin(23.80%),Cephotaxime(19.04%),Ceftazidime(14.28%),Ofloxacin(09.52%),Pefloxacin(4.76),Erythromycin(04.76%) and all the isolates were resistant to Penicillin, Doxicycline hydrochloride, Chloramphenicol Ciprofloxacin, Ampicillin and Vancomycin. Emergence of resistance highlights the value of prudent prescribing of antimicrobials and avoiding their indiscriminate use.</p> Bharati Kadsiddheshwar Bhavikatti ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-27 2019-03-27 7 3 258 264 Design, Synthesis , Characterization, And Biological Evaluation Of Certain Novel Imidazo Thiazole Pyrazoline Derivatives As Anti-Inflammatory Agent <p>The pyrazoline ring has many structural feature &nbsp;shows potent anti-inflammatory activity.&nbsp; Now a days an additional focus on the chemical and biological behavior of novel pyrazoline derivatives. It has been observed that, Pyrazolines and its fused heterocyclic derivatives with anti-inflammatory activity generates evolution of prominent class of &nbsp;novel drug when pyrazoline nucleus linked with different substituents like alkyl, aromatic, heterocyclic rings and many other moieties at different positions on the ring shows remarkable more effective anti-inflammatory activity. In this view, it was proposed to synthesize some novel pyrazolines deriatives from Imidazo-thiazole chalcones has been prepared by the condensation of Imidazo-thiazole chalcones with hydrazine hydrate and phenyl hydrazine. A new series of different substituted Imidazo Thiazole pyrazoline derivatives (8a–f)&nbsp; &amp; (9a-f) were synthesized in good to excellent yield from the corresponding Imidazo Thiazole&nbsp; chalcones, (7a–f), by using polyethylene glycol-400 (PEG-400) as an alternative green reaction medium. The structures of the compounds were characterized by IR,&nbsp;<sup>1</sup>H NMR.The newly synthesized compounds were characterized and screened for their in vivo anti-inflammatory. Almost all the pyrazoline derivatives shows potent anti-inflammatory activities as compared to Standard &nbsp;Diclofenac sodium (1mM) drug. Diclofenac sodium at the (1mM) was used as reference drug and treated similarly for determination of absorbance. % of inhibition of anti-inflammatory activity was determined by &nbsp;protein denaturation method.</p> Vikas D. Sonawane Babasaheb Sonawane Data Raut Mahesh Hubalikar Raghunath Bhosale ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-27 2019-03-27 7 3 265 276 Enumeration of Weed Plants from Kadegaon Tehsil, Sangli (Maharashtra), India <p>The research work was undertaken to study the weed plants of Kadegoan tehsil, Sangli district Maharashtra. It is positioned at 17.15° N latitude and 74.15° E longitude with average elevation of 271 metres. Submountain ranges of Western Ghat are also present in the tehsil. Sagareshwar Wild Life Sanctuary, Dongarai Valley and Sonsol ghats have a very rich diversity with respect to weed plants. The Kadegaon Tahsil has a moderate climate with hot summer and fluctuating winter and monsoon season. The temperature ranges from 23<sup>o</sup>C to 45ºC with minimum humidity. The black and red soil, bright sunlight are the two important natural resources abundantly available in this region which are responsible for the development of dry deciduous thorny vegetation.</p> <p>The weed plants are responsible for reducing the crop productivity, quality and input efficiency, due to interference in agricultural operations in crop fields. The crop productivity is also hampered as these weed are alternate hosts for some pests and pathogens. These factors lead ultimately towards higher cost for cultivation by multiple folds. Hence proper identification of such weed is required for their proper management. Due to such factors very diverse members of weed families have been documented in the present investigation.</p> <p>The study reveals that there is variation in weed flora in different seasons. The weeds like Congress, Nirgudi, Dudhi, Dudhani, Bhui awala, Punarnava, Idra-Ichka, Aaghada, Kandisher are common. The enumeration of weed flora cited total 42 families with 118 species. Out of these, 36 families of dicot are represented by 80 genera and 96 species. Moreover 22 monocot species under 21 genera belonging to 6 families have been recorded. The most species rich families were Acanthaceae, Amaranthaceae, Asteraceae, Euporbiaceae, Leguminose, and Poaceae.</p> Vikas S. Salunkhe U.A. Yadav H.S. Joshi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-27 2019-03-27 7 3 277 282 Antimicrobial activity of nano-structured mixed metal oxide - ZnAl2O4 <p>Nanostructured mixed metal oxide ZnAl<sub>2</sub>O<sub>4</sub> was&nbsp; synthesized by sol gel auto combustion method . X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FESEM), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) and Energy Dispersive X-ray Analysis (EDAX) were used to characterize the material. XRD study shows the formation of cubic spinel structure with the crystallite size having 33.23 nm. The microstructural analysis shows the formation of nanomaterials. EDAX analysis confirms the presence of ZnAl<sub>2</sub>O<sub>4</sub> without any impurity. The absorption bands were analyzed by FT-IR spectroscopy. In the present study, the synthesized mixed metal oxide was checked for its antibacterial activity against few Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria. Using Kirby-Bauer method for antibiotic susceptibility, some of these Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria showed positive results against ZnAl<sub>2</sub>O<sub>4, </sub>indicating probable future use of this nanomaterial in maintaining human health.</p> R.R. Tikare A.A. Mulani T.J. Shinde J.V. Kurhekar D.G. Kanase ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-27 2019-03-27 7 3 283 290