Neoliberalism and its impact on women labour force in Russia

  • Zakali Ayemi PhD, Research Scholar, Centre for Russian and Central Asian Studies, School of International Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, Delhi, India
Keywords: Neoliberalism, women, labour force, gender, market, inequality, market economy, glass-ceiling

Abstract

Women in Russia are ascertained equality through its constitution and legal guarantees. However, despite provisions of equality in the law, there exists wide gender disparity in the labour market in practice. The embarking to a free market economy brought about tremendous transformation in the labour market, it presented an opportunity for socio-economic mobility of women. However, the supporters of neoliberalism welcomed liberalisation of the market “in to to” without considering the Soviet’s history. In the process of transition, the place of female labour is further relegated. The earlier experience of equality and protection is weakened while capitalist characteristics have come to the fore. This paper explores the situation of women labour force in the event of Russia’s transition to neoliberalism by analysing labour reforms as well as using Rosstat data to make the argument of gender segregation in the occupation and branches of the Russian labour market system.

References

* Federal State Statistics Service, “The employed population by sex and occupation groups at the main job”, Retrieved March 2018 from http://www.gks.ru/free_doc/new_site/population/trud/tab_trud11-okz.htm.
* Federal State Statistics Service, “Number of men and women”, [Online: web] Accessed 5 Oct. 2017 URL: http://www.gks.ru/wps/wcm/connect/rosstat_main/rosstat/ru/statistics/population/demography/#
* Federal State Statistics Service, “Crude Vital Rates”, [Online: web] Accessed 5 Oct. 2017 URL: http://www.gks.ru/wps/wcm/connect/rosstat_main/rosstat/en/figures/population/

Atencio, A. & Posadas, J. (2015), Gender Gap in Pay in the Russian Federation Twenty Years Later, Still a Concern, World Bank, Retrieved March 2018 from http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/838301468185384790/pdf/WPS7407.pdf
Chatterjee, C. (2003), review of Women at the Gates Gender and Industry in Stalin’s Russia, (review no. 315), Retrieved March 2018 from http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/315.
Gerber, T & Hout, M. (1998), More Shock than Therapy: Market Transition, Employment, and Income in Russia, 1991–1995, American Journal of Sociology, (104)1: 1-50.
Lapidus, G.W. (1988), "The Interaction of Women's Work and Family Roles in the USSR" in Barbara A. Gutek, AnnH. Stromberg, Laurie Lanvood (eds.), Women and Work: An Annual Review. California: Sage Publications Inc.
Pickard, J. (1988), Women in the Soviet Union, Retrieved March 2018 from http://www.marxist.com/oldsite/women/women_in_the_soviet_union.html.

Rimashevskaya, N, M. (2013), “Gender relationships and gender policy in contemporary conditions”, Intellectual Economics (7)1:54–62.
Serebrennikov G. N. (1937), The Position of Women in the U.S.S.R. London: The Camelot Press Ltd.
Published
2018-05-29
Section
Articles