Sushruta’s Principles of Surgery.

review article

  • Varsha saxena Department of Shalya tantra , Sri sai Ayurvedic P.G College Aligarh (Uttar Pradesh) India
Keywords: Sushruta, Trauma, Raktasrava.

Abstract

Surgery can be traced from Rigveda but Sushruta deserve the credit of beginning the systemic study of surgery. Sushruta Samhita is the earliest known authoritative treatise on Ayurveda. It is most ancient documents on this branch of medical sciences not merely in India but also the whole world. Its author Sushruta is acknowledged as the “father of surgery”. Purvardha of Sushruta samhita have the Sutra-Sthana, Nidana-Sthana, Sarira-Sthana, Kalpa-Sthana, Chikitsa-Sthana  and contain total one hundred twenty chapters. The clinical practice of Sushruta was of high standard which focus many surgical practices and trauma management is one of them. Trauma management is one the common problems in surgical practices and its management are well described in classical Ayurvedic Literature. Sushruta Samhita contains detailed descriptions of emergency management in Shalya tantra, concept of consent, qualities and training of surgeons, establishment of various surgical technique, principle of skin incision, Sivana (suturing) importance of blood, measure  to stop Raktasrava (arrest of Bleeding), Karna sandhana (lobuloplasty), Nasa sandhana (rhinoplasty), Osto sandhana (repair of Hare lip), classification and treatment of burn, management of Sadyo varna (traumatic wounds) and  Asthi sandhi bhagna chikitsa (fracture  and displacement  of bone and its management).

References

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Published
2018-05-02
Section
Articles