Concept of sterilization in Ancient and present era: A conceptual review

A conceptual review

  • Varsha saxena Department of Shalya tantra , Sri sai Ayurvedic P.G College Aligarh (Uttar Pradesh) India
Keywords: Keywords- Sterilization, Dhupana, Raksha karma.

Abstract

The process by which any living organism present on material is completely destroyed or terminated is called “Sterilization” while disinfection decreases the viral and bacterial burden of equipments, but does not clean debris or confer sterility. Success of any surgical treatment depends on sterilization. So we can say that sterilization should be main goal of surgeons. Lack of sterilization can cause hospital induced infection, delayed wound healing and misuses of antibiotics etc. Acharya Sushruta and other surgeons during their practice had a clear idea regarding specific methods of sterilization that had to be adopted routinely in order to prevent the development of any form of complications post-operatively. These procedures are defined as Raksha karma. It is useful in branches of Ayurveda like Shalya (Surgery), Shalakya (Eye&ENT), Kaumarbhitya (Pediatrics) and Prasuti evam stree roga (Gynaecology&Obstretics) etc. In Sushruta samhita various surgical procedures are described as sandhana karma (Plastic surgery), Lingnash (cataract), excision, orthopedic surgery, anorectal surgery and gynecological surgery. Sushruta has also explained the various method of sterilization for Vranitagara, Sutikagara and Kumaragara etc. Main method for sterilization in Ayurveda is Dhupana, Parisheka ,Pralepa, Pradeha and Agnitapana. Drug which are explained for Dhupana karma is mainly Guggulu, Aguru, Sarjarasa , Sarshapa,  Nimba patra & Ghee etc. and most of them have antimicrobial properties so help  in create aseptic environment. Present conceptual review paper compile various method described in ancient and modern medicine for sterilization. Keywords- Sterilization, Dhupana, Raksha karma.

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Published
2018-05-02
Section
Articles