The Role of Singh Sabha Movement in Creating Sikh Consciousness

  • Dilbag Singh Research Scholar Department of History Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar
Keywords: Sikh, Christian Missionaries, Singh Sabha, Sikhism, British.


Freedom struggle in the Punjab was essentially inspired by the social, religious and political awakening among the Sikhs. The annexation of the Punjab by the British in 1849 brought many changes in the Punjab. The Christian missionaries established their centers in various cities for propagating Christianity. These missionaries enjoyed the support of the British officials. Many people including the Sikhs started embracing Christianity. Maharaja Dalip Singh adopted Christianity in 1853. The Hindu reformist movements like Brahmo Samaj, Arya Samaj, Dev Samaj were also started in the Punjab. There were many factors responsible for awareness among the Sikhs and Sikh identity consciousness. First major factor was the western influence introduced by British government and Christian Missionaries. The second was anti-Sikh speeches of the Hindu propagandists. It became essential to eliminate the evils, which were prevalent in the society and religion of the Sikhs. The Singh Sabha movement came into existence. It affected the Punjab during the late nineteenth century. This socio-religious movement brought a great religious and political awakening among the Sikhs.


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