The Mural Heritage of Kerala: A Peep In To the Murals of Thodikkalam Siva Temple
During the earlier period, itself Kerala had maintained a unique history of art of painting; Kerala was considered as the store house of hundreds of extant Murals, which holds second place in the largest collection of archaeologically important Mural paintings. In Kerala Murals are developed as a traditional art form during the period between 15th and 19th centuries. Though in the 16th and 17th centuries we can see a rapid progress in the field of painting. In the 18th century a sudden depression can be seen. This art form made prosperous and extensive with the help of various factors and this art developed mainly in peaceful atmosphere under eminent rulers who loved various arts. The impact of Bhakti movement seen behind the progress of this art much extend. After the 19th century this art completely disappeared. For the revival of this art form in the second half of the 20th century Guruvayur and Aranmula Devaswam opened Mural study centres. Now a day’s Mural paintings were taught by students who have deep interest in it. The present study mainly focussed on The Siva temple at Thodikkalam is famous for its own Mural paintings. The good models of Kerala Mural paintings found in sixteenth and sixteenth centuries are exhibited here.
Chaitanya , Krishna . (1983). Arts of India .New Delhi: Ghyan Publishing House.
Chakrabarthy, Jayantha . (1980) .Techniques in Indian Mural Paintings. Calcutta: Bagchi and Company.
Elayavur, Vanidas. (1996).Vadakkan Aithihyamala . Kottayam: Current Books.
Frenz , A and Marar, K ,K .(2004).the Wall Paintings in Northern Kerala .London : Arnoldsche Art Publishers .
Jain , V,K.(2006). Pre-history and Proto –history of India ; An appraisal ,Palaeolithic and Non Harappan Chalcolithic cultures .New Delhi : DK Print world Pvt Ltd .
Janarddhanan , K . (1991).Bharatheeya Chitrakala Noottandukaliloode .Kottayam : National Book Stall.
Jayasankar , S . (1997) .Temples of Kerala .New Delhi: allied Publishers.
Kurup , K ,K ,N . (2008).Pazhassi Rekhakal .Kozhikode: Matrubhumi Books.
Mathpal , Yasodhar . (1998). Rock Art in Kerala. NewDelhi : Indhira Ghandhi National Centre for Arts .
Menon ,VijayaKumar .(2007) . A Brief Survey of Art Scenario of Kerala .Karyavattom : Kerala Cultural Department .
Murti ,Sivarama ,C .(1970 ). Indian Paintings ,New Delhi :National Book Trust .
Rajan , Saundara ,K,V.(1980).Art of South India . Calcatta : Swadesh Prasad Singhal.
Raveendranath ,R.(2000).Chitrakala Oru Samagra pasdanam .Kollam : Ravindralaya Publications.
Sevyar , Treesa ,K,J. (2000).Keralathile Chumar Chitrakala .Thiruvananthapuram: Allied publishers .
Misra,Sheikhar ,Shiva .(1982).Fine Arts and Technical Sciences in Ancient India .Delhi : Krishna Das academy Oriental Publishers .
Subbha, Reddy ,V,V.(2009).Temples of South India .Delhi :Ghyan Publishing House .
Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, without the written consent of the Publisher. The Editors reserve the right to edit or otherwise alter all contributions, but authors will receive proofs for approval before publication.
Copyrights for articles published in International Journal of Innovative Knowledge Concepts are retained by the authors, with first publication rights granted to the journal. The journal/publisher is not responsible for subsequent uses of the work. It is the author's responsibility to bring an infringement action if so desired by the author.