Traditional Obstetrics: A Himalayan Experience of Traditional Birth Attendants & Their Indigenous Wisdom
AbstractThe modern society, whose foundation is deep-rooted in ancient wisdom, has unveiled a legacy which is based on the strong relationship between man and nature. The use of herbs for curative purpose is probably as ancient as men himself. This wisdom has not only remained the basis of human sustenance through ages, but has offered ways and means for escaping from dreadful situations. One of the areas lacking in the remote mountainous region is availability of proper health care facilities especially with regard to women’s health. Women suffer from avoidable and curable gynecological problems and the only refuge available is the assistance offered by traditional birth attendants, folk herbalists and elderly women. This paper is outcome of studies conducted in the selected pockets of Himachal Himalayas to gather information on the indigenous wisdom of Traditional Birth Attendants (TBA), folk herbalists and elderly women dealing with the gynecological problems of women. Different herbal formulations and techniques which are used to normalize menstrual cycle, labor induction, evading abortions, post-natal care, etc., have been revealed by the practitioners. In this paper, an attempt has been made to exemplify the conventional procedures and medicines used for the treatment of different gynecological problems in women.
(2002). Himachal Pradesh Development Report, State Plan Division, Planning Commission, Government of India
Abbink, J. (1995). Medicinal and Ritual plants of Ethiopia Southwest: An account of recent research. Indigenous Knowledge and Development Monitor. 3 (2) 6-8
Acharya, D., Sancheti, G., Shrivastava, A. and Pawar, S. (2006) Traditional medicines of Gonds and Bharias - 14 - Herbal medicine for Impotency. http://www.disabled-world.com/artman/publish/ Gond14.shtml #ixzz1 hYSTVIcc
Ahluwalia, M. S. (1998). Social, Cultural and Economic History of Himachal Pradesh. New Delhi: Indus Publishing Company.
Anonymous, (1983). Why Retrain Traditional Birth Attendants? The Lancet, 1 (8318)
Balokhra, J. M. (2002). The Wonderland Himachal Pradesh. New Delhi: H.G. Publication.
Benrubi, G. I. (2000) Labor induction: Historic perspectives. Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology, 43(3): 429-432
Bown, D. (1995). Encyclopedia of herbs and their uses. New York: DK Publishing Inc.
Bright, P. S. (2000). India's Alternative Therapies: The cure of modern times. Junior Science Refresher, 20-27
Cotton, C. M. (1996). Ethno-botany: Principles and Applications. England: John Wiley and Sons Ltd. Chichester.
Dutta, D. C. (2008). Textbook of Gynecology. Kolkata: New Central Book Agency (P) Ltd.
Jain, S. K. (1991) Dictionary of Indian folk medicine and ethno-botany. A reference manual of man - plant relationships, ethnic groups and ethno-botanists in India.
MacKenzie, I. Z. (2006). Induction of labor at the start of the new millennium. Reproduction Review, 131: 989-998
Nadkarni, K. M. (2002). The Indian Materia Medica, Vol. I. Bombay: Bombay Popular Prakashan,
Narnag, S. and Mitra, M. (1998). Indigenous Knowledge and the treatment of disease in Abujhmarh In Contemporary Studies in Human Ecology. New Delhi: Kamla Raj Enterprises.
Oudhia, P. (2001). Problems perceived by safed moosli (Chlorophytum spp) growers of Chattisgarh, region: A study. Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences; 22/4A and 23/1A:396-399.
Saravanan, S. Johnson, Helen, Turrell, Gavin, & Fraser, Jennifer, A. (2009). Social roles and birthing practices of traditional birth attendants in India with reference to other developing countries. Asian Journal of Women's Studies, 15(4), 57-89.
Schaffir, J. (2002). Survey of folk beliefs about induction of labor. Birth; 29: 47–51.
Sebastian, A. (1999) A Dictionary of the History of Medicine. New York: The Parthenon Publishing Group
Singh, A. (1994). Profile of traditional birth attendants in a rural area of North India. Journal of Nurse-Midwifery, 39 (2).
Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, without the written consent of the Publisher. The Editors reserve the right to edit or otherwise alter all contributions, but authors will receive proofs for approval before publication.
Copyrights for articles published in International Journal of Innovative Knowledge Concepts are retained by the authors, with first publication rights granted to the journal. The journal/publisher is not responsible for subsequent uses of the work. It is the author's responsibility to bring an infringement action if so desired by the author.