• Vishal Sambhaji Patil Rajaram College, Kolhapur


India is the country with second largest aged population in the world & family is the biggest security & support for the elderly unlike western countries, but our nation has been ranked amongst the poorest of nations to grow old age a global survey. Global Age Watch Index (GAWI) developed with the UN found for population & development ranks India a poor 73 out of 91 countries sampled. By 2015 nearly 15% of our population will be over 65 years of age. This is increasing & expected to increase geriatric population burden in every country, in order to have started emerging as the social problem due to socio-cultural changes brought about by family systems. The greatest health asset for geriatric population is spending time & doing things with other people of all ages which can help keep them mentally, physically & emotionally fit. Keeping this point in mind present study was undertaken in Kolhapur & sangli city. Aim of this investigation to find out the mental health in elderly people who are living in joint & nuclear families. PGI Health Questionnaire which emphasizes more on Psychosomatic, physical & body complaint was used to measure the mental health among elderly people. Data was analyzed by using student t-test. Result shows that elderly people living in joint families have good mental health & low neuroticism rate, on the other hand elderly people living in nuclear families have more psychological as well as physical distress that means they have higher chances of getting neuroticism & poor mental health. It may be concluded that joint family system is more advantageous for elderly.  

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