Status of Horticulture in West Bengal: Present and Future

  • Tuhin Roy Assistant Professor Department of Geography Sarojini Naidu College for Women
Keywords: Horticulture, Sustainability, Land Fragmentation, AEZ.

Abstract

The growth and prosperity of rural economy are closely linked with agriculture and allied agricultural sectors. Apart from meeting the food and fodder requirements, its importance also stems from the raw materials that it provides to industry. With increasing population and inadequate employment generation, the pressure on land has increased considerably leading to fragmentation of land. As the pressure on land increased, the farmers are forced to exploit their land for livelihood support which again leads to environmental degradation and degradation of soil health that would lead to food and nutritional insecurity endangering in particular the livelihood of future generation. Allied sector is now equally important for the development of the state especially it’s rural economy and all round development of any country. Garden Cultivation or Horticulture is an important allied sector of agriculture, which provides supplementary income, alternative livelihood especially to the landless, employment opportunities during non- agricultural seasons. Besides this, it contributes immensely in value added services and food processing industries. This sector has an ability to create man hours and entrepreneurship among the youth. Consumer demand of horticultural crops is increasing day by day as the quality of life has increased in urban and peri-urban areas. The state of West Bengal has immense potentiality to meet these demands on account of its diverse climatic conditions. In this context, this paper attempts to analyse the changing nature of horticulture in West Bengal and find out the projected requirement and production of major horticultural crops for the year of 2020-2021.

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Published
2018-02-02
Section
Articles