Socio- Legal Perspective of Juvenile Delinquency
Children represent the country and are the future of the country. The problem of juvenile delinquency is not new. It occurs in all societies simple as well as complex. In developing country like India the problem of juvenile neglect and delinquency is considerably low but gradually increasing. Considering the magnitude of the problem and issues involved, analysis indicate that the number of factors responsible for juvenile delinquency are interrelated, based on socio-economic and psychological reasons.
“Juvenile Delinquency” refers to anti social or illegal behaviour by children or adolescence, and these children who commit crimes come under the jurisdiction of Juvenile court. In India there is legislative history to control and combat Juvenile Delinquency. The latest being the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015 in the wake of the Delhi gang rape case where a juvenile was accused among the others. Prior to the 2015 Act the juveniles were treated leniently but under the 2015 Act a juvenile between 16-18 years is meted out with the same punishment as that of an adult.
The 2015 Act deals with ‘child in conflict with law’ and ‘child in need of care and protection’ According to the Act, ‘Juvenile’ means a child below the age of 18 years. India signed and ratified the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC), 1989, which treated a person as a juvenile who is below 18 years of age.
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