Association between Age at Menarche and Cardiovascular Risk Factors: A study among Bhil of Rajasthan, India.

  • Savitesh Kushwaha Research Scholar, Department of Anthropology, University of Delhi, India
  • Jyoti Mishra Department of Anthropology, University of Delhi, India
  • Dr. Prakash Ranjan Mondal Department of Anthropology, University of Delhi, India
  • Dr. Kallur Nava Saraswathy Department of Anthropology, University of Delhi, India
Keywords: Cardiovascular diseases, Dyslipidemia, Hypertension, Menarche, Obesity.


Menarche is defined as the onset of reproductive capacity in females with reference to pubertal growth and development. The age at menarche is associated with several factors including CVDs. CVDs occur among women because of improper dietary habits and lifestyle. The present study is focused on the risk of development of CVDs among Bhil women of Rajasthan. A cross-sectional study was conducted, which includessomatometric (anthropometric) data and blood samples from 277 women of age group 25 to 75 years. The women were divided into three sub categories (early, normal and late) based ontheirmean age at menarche. The cardio-metabolic risk factors were compared among these different groups with the help of SPSS version 25.0. The mean age at menarche of the present population was 13.8±1.3 years, which is closeto the normal range for Indian population. General obesity was found to be associated with normal menarcheal group whereas, hypertension was associatedwith late menarcheal group. The risk of development of CVDs is greater with late AAM and least with early AAM. The late AAM can be considered as a determinant of cardiovascular disorders in the present population. A secular decline in AAMcan be attributed to socio-economic growth, demographic transition and climate.

Author Biographies

Jyoti Mishra, Department of Anthropology, University of Delhi, India

PhD Research Scholar, Department of Anthropology, University of Delhi, India

Dr. Prakash Ranjan Mondal, Department of Anthropology, University of Delhi, India

Associate Professor, Department of Anthropology, University of Delhi, India

Dr. Kallur Nava Saraswathy, Department of Anthropology, University of Delhi, India

Assistant Professor, Department of Anthropology, University of Delhi, India


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