Diversity of Rhizpsphere Mycoflora of Alangium Salvifolium (L.F.) Wang.

  • Kunal Turukmane Department of Botany and Horticulture, Yeshwant Mahavidyalaya, Nanded-431602, Maharashtra, India
  • Shrirang Bodke Department of Botany and Horticulture, Yeshwant Mahavidyalaya, Nanded-431602, Maharashtra, India
Keywords: Rhizosphere mycoflora, Alangium salvifolium, Aspergillus tamarii, Talaromyces funiculosus.

Abstract

Total fifteen species belonging to nine genera of fungi were isolated from rhizosphere of Alangium salvifolium (L.f.) Wang. and identified on the basis of morphological characters. The mycoflora was isolated by using serial dilution method on potato dextrose agar medium supplemented by suitable antibiotics such as streptomycin. The most common fungi among them namely Alternaria alternate, Aspergillus brevipes, A. niger, A. tamarii, A. terreus, A. ustus, Fusarium sp., F. solani, Mucor circinelloides, M. microsporeus,  Penicillium frequentans, Phoma glomerata, Rhizopus stolonifer, Taloromyces funiculosus and Trichoderma harzianum were isolated and identified. The Aspergillus tamarii has dominant fungal species showed highest number of fungal colonies (17), percent incidence (19.10%). Talaromyces funiculosus showed lowest number of fungal colonies (2), percent incidence (2.24%) as compared to the other rhizospheric fungi of composite rhizosphere sample of the test medicinal plant.

References

Ainsworth, G. C. & Bisby, G. R. (1950). A dictionary of the fungi. Kew, surrey, the common wealth mycological institute.

Ainsworth, G. C., Sparrow, F. K. & Sussman A. S. (1973). The Fungi. An Advanced Treatise. Vols. 4 A and 4 B. New York and London: Academic Press.

Alexopoulos, C. J. & Brooks, T. E. (1971). Taxonomic studies in the myxomycetes III. Clastodermataceae: a new family of the Echinosteliales. Mycologia, 63, 925-928.

Aneja, K. R. (2003). Experiments’ in microbiology plant pathology and biotechnology. new age international, (p) limited publisher fourth edition,1-607.

Bakshi, B. K. & Singh, S. (1956). Will disease of Shisham: studies on soil fungi isolated from Shisham forest soil. Ind. Phytopath, 9(2), 114-123.

Brimecombe, M. J., Lelj, F. A. & Lynch, J. M. (2001). The Rhizosphere. The effect of root exudates on rhizosphere microbial populations. In: The Rhizosphere; Biochemistry and Organic Substances at the Soil-Plant Interface. (Eds.): R. Pinton, Z. Varanini and P. Nannipieri. Marcel Dekker. New York, 95-140.

Durowade, K. A., Uddin, R. O., Kolawole, O. M. & Enonbun, K. I. (2008). Isolation of Ascomycetous fungi from a tertiary institution campus soil. J. Appl. Sci. Environ. Manage,12(4),57-61.

El-Amin, A. & Saadabi, A. M. A. (2007). Contribution to the knowledge of soil fungi in Sudan rhizosphere mycoflora of sugarcane at Kenana sugar estate. International Journal of Botany, 3, 97-102.

Ellis, M. B. (1971). More Dematiaceous Hyphpmycetes. Common wealth Agricultural Bureau. Kew, Surrey, England.

Funder, S. (1945). Practical mycology. Manual for identification of fungi. Indian Agricultural Research Instuite, New Delhi. Broggers Boktr. Forlag Oslo-Norway. pp. 1-146.

Gilman, J. C. (1945). A manual of soil fungi. Ames, The low a State College Press.

Hawksworth, D. L. (1974). Mycologist’s Handbook. Common wealth Mycological Institute, Kew, U.K.

Hiltner, L. (1904). Uber neuere erfahrungen und probleme auf dem gebiet der bodenbakteriologie und unter besonderer berücksichtigung der gründüngung und brachte. Arbeiten der Deutschen Landwirtschaftlichen Gesellschaft, 98, 59-78.

Kuske, C. R., Ticknor, L. O., Miller, M. E., Dunbar, J. M., Davis, J. A., Barns S. M., & Belnap J. (2002). Comparison of soil bacterial communities in rhizosphere of three plant species and the interspaces in arid grassland. Appl. Environ Microbiol, 68,1854-1863.

Lowenfels, J. & Lewis, W. (2006). Teaming with microbes: a gardener’s guide to the soil food web, chapter 3: bacteria, Timber Press, Portland, Oregon.

Mukadam, D. S. (1997). The illustrated kingdom of fungi (some selected genera). Published by Akshar Ganga Prakashan, Aurangabad, India.

Mukadam, D. S., Patil, M. S., Chavan, A. M., & Patil, A. R. (2006). The illustrations of fungi. First edition: Oct. 02, 2006. Printed and published by: Saraswati Printing Press, Aurangabad (M.S.) pp.1-254.

Naveenkumar, K. J., Thirumalesh, B. V., Thippeswamy, B., & Pradeepa, K. (2011). Comparative study of fungal diversity in the agricultural and non agricultural soil in Bhadravathi Taluk, Shimoga District, Karnataka, India. Journal of Research in Biology, 2,129-134.

Rebecca, L. J., Sharmila, S., Kumar, S. B., Susithra, G., & Dhanalakshmi, V. (2012). Isolation, identification and characterization of fungi from rhizosphere soil of Barleria cristata. International Journal of Hoticulture and Crop Science Research, 1, 1-6.

Saler, R. (2012). Tolerance of ceresin and difolatan by rhizosphere microfungi of Groundnut (Arachis hypogea L.) C, V. Sb-11. I. J.S. N, 3(3), 702-704.

Saler, R. S. & Gangawane, L. V. (1993). Chemical management of plant pathogens in Western India (L. V. Gangawane edtion). IPS (WZ) Publication, Aurangabad. 41-46.

Saler, R. S. & Gangawane, L. V. (1994). In vitro tolerance of brassicol by rhizosphere micro fungi of groundnut (Arachis hypogea L). Indianbot. Reptr, 13, 41-46.

Saler, R. S. & Chauhan, R. (2006). Tolerance of actioncop by rhizosphere micro fungi of Groundnut C.V. SB-11. Bioifolet, 3(3), 151-153.

Sarvanakumar, K. & Kaviyarasan, V. (2010). Seasonal distribution of soil fungi and chemical properties of montane wet temperate forest types of Tamil Nadu. Asian Journal of Plant Science, 4(6),190-196.

Shivanna, M. B. & Vasanthakumari, M. M. (2011). Temporal and spatial variability of rhizosphere and rhizoplane fungal communities in grasses of the subfamily Chloridoideae in the Lakkavalli region of the Western Ghats in India. Mycosphere, 2(3), 255-271.

Srivastava, V. & Kumar, A. (2013). Biodiversity of mycoflora in rhizosphere and rhizoplane of some Indian herbs. Biological Forum-An International Journal, 5(2),123-125.

Uroz, S., Martin, F., Buee, M., Murat, C., & Frey-Klett, P. (2010). Pyrosequencing reveals a contrasted bacterial diversity between oak rhizosphere and surrounding soil. Environ Microbiol Rep, 2,281-288.

Waksman, S. A. (1961). The Actinomycetes, 2: 331. London: Bailli and re, Tindall and Cox.

Watanabe, T. (2010). Pictorial atlas of soil and seed fungi morphologies of cultured fungi and key to species. Third Edition. Taylor and Francis Group, LLC CRC Press is an imprint of Taylor and Francis Group, an In forma business.pp.1-397.

Wootton, M. A., Keaster, A. J. & Kremer, R. J. (1993). Effects of carbofuran and the corn rhizosphere on. Bull. Environ. Contain. Toxicol, 50,49-56
Published
2019-05-27
Section
Articles