Enumeration of Springs in Buggavanka Watershed, Kadapa, Andhra Pradesh, India.

  • M. Kamraju
Keywords: Spring, Watershed, Climate Change, Geospatial Technology


 “Water” is one of the five basic elements of life out of pancha bhuta i.e. air, water, earth, fire and sky on the earth is the most essential element of life. Its availability is an essential component in socioeconomic development and poverty reduction (UNESCO-WWAP 2006). The demand for water is increasing in geometric progression all along the population growth (Gupta and Deshpande, 2004). Water on Earth goes through a gigantic Hydrological cycle of conversion from liquid to gaseous form by evaporation and coming down again to Earth as rainfall. Such water in that cycle appears as spring, is one of the important components for a many surface waters. These springs in that appear form a stream on such stream in the present study area is called Buggavanka. “Buggavanka” is a seasonal tributary to Pennar river basin, one of the major south Indian rivers. “Bugga” stands for “Spring” and “Vanka” for “Stream” in vernacular language Telugu.

Classic definition of spring according to Meinzer (1923- 48) is “A spring is a place where, without the agency of man, water flows from a rock or soil upon the land or into a body of surface water”. In the present paper an effort is made to enumerate the existing, near to extinct and extinct springs within the watershed of the Buggavanka stream, in Kadapa, Andhra Pradesh, India. Geospatial technology formed the basis for the geotagging of the identified and explored springs in the study area, the tools employed in geospatial data processing made the study in a reconnaissance.

Watershed is a geohydrological unit where the water drains into a common single outlet. Such watershed boundary is delineated around the Buggavanka stream with an effort to bring the study with ecological, demographic and holistic approaches. The main idea of this study is to geotag the spring locations and create the database for future studies to augment the water discharge in the yet to die springs in watershed management perspective. The field visits and survey revealed many historical and cultural but are abstract in nature. However it emphasized for the detailed geohydrogical study and participatory approach to bring back the glory of water flow as per the people living within the Buggavanka watershed.


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