Effect Of Core Stability Exercises In Patients With Unilateral Osteoarthritis Of Knee
Osteoarthritis”(OA) of knee, a degenerative condition with an increasing incidence is one of the leading causes of chronic disability reported in elderly individuals .It affects the entire joint including mainly the cartilage, bone, menisci, neural tissue and the ligaments surrounding it. The affected joint show eroded cartilage leading to extensive pain and restricted movements. Clinical features of knee OA may include pain, stiffened joints along with muscle weakness and impaired quality of life. Literature supports that there is altered pelvic-hip biomechanics and impaired lumbopelvic-hip postural stability and core stability during functional activities have been reported in patellofemoral pain syndrome and patellofemoral joint OA. Due to limited research available in this field and a need to establish supporting evidence has led to the conductance of this study. Hence the need of the study is to identify the effectiveness of core stability exercises on pain, stiffness and quality of life in OA knee individuals. Materials and methodology: A pre post experimental study was conducted at Dr.D.Y.Patil College Of physiotherapy and OPD pimpri,Pune. 30 patients with unilateral medial tibiofemoral osteoarthritis of knee. The patients received hot pack application before the exercise and cold pack after the treatment protocol, the exercise training included three types of exercises i.e. static abdominal contractions, pelvic bridging and abdominal crunches. The participants were assessed using KOOS questionnaire and VAS scale pre and post the treatment procedure. Results: there was statistically significant difference in KOOS questionnaire Score and VAS scale post the intervention with p<0.05. Conclusion: The study concludes that the core stability exercises alone are effective in reducing pain and improving physical function in unilateral medial tibiofemoral joint OA knee patients.
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