Colonial Impact upon Historical Literature of India

  • C.B. Kamati Associate Professor in History K.L.E.Society’s Lingaraj College, Belgaum 590 001 Belgaum Dist. Karnataka State India
Keywords: Structural Historiography, UnBritish Rule, Deconstruction, Nationalist Literature, Transformative Futurism, Drain of Wealth ,

Abstract

  The functional British imperialism in the recent past was the largest of its kind in human history.Colonialism, being one among the several vehicles of British imperialism,was manifestly exploitative in Inidan subcontinent from atleast 1773AD until mid 20th CAD.Naturally, in course of time, the colonial rule aroused intellectual sensibilities among the learned Indians who expressed their deep-seated anger through literary genres. This sensible way of arousing national consciousness was undertaken in Indian languages as well as English language by intellectuals par excellence. They sensitized the people in general and leaders in specific about digging deeper for the foundation before strong, secure and beautiful India was built in order to integrate a ruined and fragmented country. They rightly believed in the empirical fact that history history develops out of twists and contingencies rather than rationally determined trends or necessities. They in view of that deconstructed such discursive turns and their underlying conditions that make sense of the past, then educating how we produce meaning. They were aware that history simplifies and flat tens the pasts of colonized people. History disciplines time in a manner that myths, legends and epics do not. Hence they made attempts not to contribute to history, but to break away from it. As eminent historian of colonial Bengal David Kopf has put it, “movements dedicated to national awakening are not inevitable, and are certainly not possible without a decisive change in the consciousness of those who suffer.”(David Kopf: Hermeneutics Versus History, The Journal of Asian Studies,Vol.39,May 1980)

      The intellectual paradigms observable in early eighteenth century emphasized “...the creation of Indian modernity through liberal arts and enlightened system of instruction embracing Mathe matics, Natural Philosophy, Chemistry and Anatomy after denying the usefulness of Sanskrit in all its available branches at that moment.”(Makarand R.Paranjape: Making India-Colonialism, National Culture and the Afterlife of Indian English Authority, Springer, NewYork, 2013, p. 201).But later, as British Colonialism had its deep roots in Indian soil, the nationalist literature went beyond revolutionary anti imperialism to a kind of ‘transformative futurism’ anticipated to result in mutation of human consciousness and a radical metamorphosis in terrestrial life as obse rvable in Sri Aurbindo. In subsequent literary genres, identity became a serious issue both as an ideological concept and as a contested fact of contemporary Indian colonial life as evident in Subramania Bharati’s polemical poetics. However, moving far away from current trends Profe ssor turned nationalist Dadabhai Naoroji was the first one to observe British colonialism in the capacity of being a critique in his ‘Poverty and UnBritish Rule in India.’

         This research paper focuses upon economic critique of British Imperialism, constituting wholly transformative nationalist literature produced by Dadabhai Naoroji.Though M.G.Ranade and R.C.Dutt also significantly contributed to the fore-mentioned body of literature due to paucity of space their points of views have not been researched upon. This research paper comprises following parameters: (i)The Immense Importance of India to Britain’s Empire; (ii) True Nature of the British Rule; (iii)Extreme Poverty of India due to British Misrule;(iv)Indian Response to British Indian Policy;(v) Forms of Indian Poverty during British Rule; (vi) An Exploration of Colonial Conditions in India.

        Structural Historiography has been adopted while preparing the research paper. Relevant resources have been utilised in the process. The paper has laid emphasis on ‘Colonial Impact on Indian Literature.’

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Published
2019-04-27
Section
Articles