Picture of Modern India in U.R. Ananthmurthy’s Bhava

  • Vidhi Yadav Ph.D. Research Scholar, Department of English and Foreign languages, Central University of Haryana, Jant- Pali. Mohindergarh. Haryana.
Keywords: nation, identity crisis, hegemony, patriarchal society, outcastes, flashback technique and culture.


Bhava is a novel written by U R Ananthamurthy describes especially the glimpses of North India and South India. This novel has its setting in Delhi, Bangalore, Mumbai and Kerala. An Individual plays an important role in nation building. As individual makes relationship, family, society, state and nation so being a minor unit but cannot underestimate its significance. How an individual entangle with each other without having any calmness and peace. How modern man has lost faith in every relation. How modern man faces identity crisis, frustration, dilemma, illicit relationships, superstitions. How people have become morally uprooted and now want to seek transcendence. How South Indian people are more environment friendly than of Northern. Writer depicts the picture of modern India by giving minutes detail of day to day life of people, their traditional food habits, traditional wearing style, routine life of Indian women through Sitamma, Radha, Saroja and Mahadevi, life of the elite beings through Dinakar, Tripathi and Narayan Tantri, rebellion attitude of young generation through Mangla, Gopal and Charvak ( Timmaiah), hypocritical life of Indian men like Shastri and Dinakar, man- woman relationship through Gangubai, Ranjana, Sudarshini, Priti and Mamta, spiritual quest and peace through Chandrappa, Mahamata and Parsad, superstitious attitude through Kurunkara Pundit and Shastri,  lots of other things like quest for power and money through the Gopal and Tripathi’Son, illicit relations in married life through Dinakar and Ranjana are also described in this novel. He describes individual’s hypocrisy by explaining the differences between his outer and inner reality through flashback technique. This novel describes especially the personal entangled in the labyrinth of being, of the ‘samsara’.


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