The Influence of Materialism on Family Relations, Absorption and Social Integration of Adolescents
One of the rising concerns of the parents, elders and educators of today is the increase in a lifestyle wherein possessions are acquired and accumulated much more that what is actually needed. The importance placed on worldly possessions for luxury goods that are publicly visible and high in prestige has greatly increased. Research has indicated that materialistic individuals are less satisfied with their standards of living, the amount of fun and the enjoyment they experience. Several studies have reported the same in children and adolescents as well. The present study aims at making an attempt to see the relationship between materialism, family relations, absorption and social integration. Material values scale (Richins 2004), Engaged living in youth scale (Froh et al., 2010) and Index of family relations by Hudson (1982) were the measure used to collect data for the study. The sample for the study consists of 100 students from selected schools in Chennai city. Convenient sampling method was used to collect data. The data was analyzed using Pearson’s correlations method.
Ahuvia, Aaron and Nancy Wong (1995), “Materialism: Origins and Implications for Personal Well-Being,” in European Advancesin Consumer Research, Vol. 2, ed. FlemmingHansen,Provo, UT: Association for Consumer Research, 172–78.
Arndt, Jamie, Sheldon Solomon, Tim Kasser, and Kennon M. Sheldon (2004), "The Urge to Splurge: A Terror Management Theory Account of Materialism and Consumer Behavior,"Journal of Consumer Psychology, 14 (3), 198-212.
Belk, Russell W. (1985), "Materialism: Traits Aspects of Living in the Material World," Journal of Consumer Research, 12 (December), 265-80.
Burroughs, James E. and AricRindfleisch (2002), "Materialism and Well-Being: A Conflicting Values Perspective," Journal of Consumer Research, 29 (December), 348-70.
Chatterjee, Andindya and James M. Hunt (1996), "Self-Monitoring as a Personality Correlate of Materialism: An Investigation of Related Cognitive Orientation," Psychological Reports, 79, 523-28.
Churchill, Gilbert A., Jr. and George P. Moschis (1979), "Television and Interpersonal Influences on Adolescent Consumer Learning," Journal of Consumer Research, 6 (June), 2335.
Fournier, Susan and Marsha L. Richins (1991), "Some Theoretical and Popular Notions Concerning Materialism," Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 6, 403-14.
Froh, J. J., Kashdan, T. B., Yurkewicz, C., Fan, J., Allen, J., &Glowacki, J. (2010a). The benefits ofpassion and absorption in activities: Engaged living in adolescents and its role in psychologicalwell-being. Manuscript submitted for publication.
Galbraith, John Kenneth (1958), The Affluent Society, New York: Houghton Mifflin.
Holt, Douglas B. (1998), "Does Cultural Capital Structure American Consumption?" Journal of Consumer Research, 25 (June), 1-25.
Hudson, W. W. (1982). The Clinical Measurement Package: A Field Manual, Chicago: Dorsey Press
Kasser, T., & Ryan, R.M. (2001). Be careful what you wish for: Optimal functioning and the relative attainment of intrinsic and extrinsic goals. In S.P.K.E. Sheldon (Ed.), Life goals and well-being: Toward a positive psychology of human striding (pp. 116–131). Goettingen: Hogrefe& Huber.
Kasser, T., Ryan, R.M., Couchman, C.E., & Sheldon, K.M. (2004). Materialistic values: Their causes and consequences. In T. Kasser& A.D. Kanner (Eds.), Psychology and consumer culture: The struggle for a good life in a materialistic world (pp. 11–28). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Kasser, Tim and Kennon Sheldon (2000), "On Wealth and Death: Materialism, Mortality Salience, and Consumption Behavior," Psychological Science, 11, 348-51.
Kasser, Tim and Richard M. Ryan (1993), "The Dark Side of the American Dream: Correlates of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Goals," Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65, 410-22.
Kasser, Tim, Richard M. Ryan, M. Sax, and A. J. Sameroff (1995), "The Relations of Maternaland Social Environments to Late Adolescents' Materialistic and Prosocial Values," Developmental Psychology, 31, 907-14.
Keyes, C.L.M. (1998). Social well-being.Social Psychology Quarterly, 61, 121–140.
Kohn, Alfie (1999), "In Pursuit of Affluence at a High Price," New York Times, (February 2),D7.
Mick, David Glen (1996), "Are Studies of Dark Side Variables Confounded by Socially Desirable Responding? The Case of Materialism," Journal of Consumer Research, 23(September), 106-19.
New Dream (2004), "New American Dream Survey Report," Center for the New American Dream, Takoma Park, Maryland 20912.
Prendergast, Gerard and Claire Wong (2003), "Parental Influence on the Purchase of LuxuryBrands of Infant Apparel: An Exploratory Study in Hong Kong," Journal of ConsumerMarketing, 20 (2), 157-69.
Richins, Marsha L (1994b), "Valuing Things: The Public and Private Meaning of Possessions," Journal of Consumer Research, 21 (December), 504-21.
Richins, Marsha L. (1994a), "Special Possessions and the Expression of Material Values," Journal of Consumer Research, 21 (December), 522-31.
Richins, Marsha L. and Scott Dawson (1992), "A Consumer Values Orientation fro Materialism and its Measurement: Scale Development and Validation," Journal of Consumer Research, 19 (December), 303-316.
Rindfleisch, Aric, James E. Burroughs, and Frank Denton (1997), "Family Structure, Materialism, and Compulsive Consumption," Journal of Consumer Research, 23 (March), 312- 25.
Rosenblatt, Roger (1999), Consuming Desires: Consumption, Culture, and the Pursuit of Happiness, Washington DC: Island Press.
Rowley, Laura (2005), Money and Happiness: A Guide to Living the Good Life, Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.
Schor, Juliet B. (1998), The Overspent American: Upscaling, Downshifting, and the NewConsumer, New York: Basic Books.
Schroeder, Jonathan E. and Sanjiv S. Dugal (1995), "Psychological Correlates of the Materialism Construct," Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 10 (1), 243-53.
Seligman, Martin E. P. (2002), Authentic Happiness: Using the New Positive Psychology to Realize Your Potential for Lasting Fulfillment, New York: Free Press.
Shrum, L. J., James E. Burroughs, and AricRindfleisch (2005), "Television's Cultivation of Material Values," Journal of Consumer Research, 32 (December), forthcoming.
Silverberg, S.B., & Steinberg, L. (1990).Psychological wellbeing of parents with early adolescent children.Developmental Psychology, 26, 658–666.
Tatzel, Miriam (2002), "Money Worlds and Well-Being: An Integration of Money Dispositions, Materialism, and Price-Related Behaviors," Journal of Economic Psychology, 23, 103-26.
Veblen, Thorstein (1899), The Theory of the Leisure Class, New York: Macmillan.
Zhou, X., &Gao, D. (2008). Social support and money as pain management mechanism.Psychological Inquiry, 19,127–144.
Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, without the written consent of the Publisher. The Editors reserve the right to edit or otherwise alter all contributions, but authors will receive proofs for approval before publication.
Copyrights for articles published in International Journal of Innovative Knowledge Concepts are retained by the authors, with first publication rights granted to the journal. The journal/publisher is not responsible for subsequent uses of the work. It is the author's responsibility to bring an infringement action if so desired by the author.