Status of Women in Rural Politics in Himachal Pradesh: Constraints and Challenges
Panchayati Raj, political participation, justice, equality, leadership, rights, education.
A historical 73rd Amendment was passed with thumbed majority and this Amendment has changed scenario of India. India has taken a step forward to establish Panchayati Raj System which proudly gives exceptional place to female to take part in the governing system. This Panchayati Raj System was implemented with time in all the states of India and in Himachal Pradesh it is adopted in 1994. The Himachal Pradesh Panchayati Raj Act 1994 (Act No. 4 of 1994 ) has been enacted to consolidate, amend and replace the law relating to Panchayats with a view to ensure effective participation of Panchayati Raj Institutions in local administration & development activities. Three-Tier System of Panchayati Raj has been adopted in Himachal Pradesh through this Constitutional Amendment Act. Historically after independence Panchayati Raj System was implemented in Himachal Pradesh in year 1954 & after merge of some area of Punjab with Himachal Pradesh, The Himachal Pradesh Panchayati Raj Act 1968 was enacted on November 15, 1970.Female are active participants in rural politics in Himachal Pradesh after 73rd Constitutional Amendment. They are thinking about their betterment like liberty, justice, equality and dignity in the form of basic rights. However, It is also true that our Country India is a man dominated country, where women are deprived of their rights. In this contemporary world women deserve to get equal rights of education, employment opportunity, political participation etc., but still there are many constraints such as women are not economically strong as they are dependent on their families. Mostly they do not have right to take any kind of decisions. They spend more of time in household work and left with no spare time for politics. On another hand Nowadays elections are costly affair and poor women can not participate even at village level. The women who enter in politics are either from the family of famous politician or related to them. Therefore ordinary women remain away from the politics. There is a need to come across out the way to like problems and it could be possible that such constraints and challenges must be set correct by education, public awareness & government efforts.
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