An Analytical study of Gender Gap in Indian Politics

  • Satnam Singh Assistant Professor in Political Science & HEAD, P.G. Department of Political Science, Mata Gujri College (An Autonomous College) Fatehgarh Sahib (Punjab).
Keywords: Gender, Feminist, Empowerment, Political Participation, pre- independence


The dawn of India’s political Independence in August 1947, and the establishment of a Republican form of state in 1950, brought to women the promise of adult franchise and equality of opportunities in all spheres which include social, economic and political activities. The constitutional rights were to serve as instruments for achieving equality of status and opportunities in all spheres. Equality in all spheres is inseparable from active political participation. This means not only using the right to vote but also power sharing, profit sharing, co-decision making and co-policy making at all levels of government. For successful functioning of a democratic political system, participation of women along with men is necessary. Gender equality is a pre-requisite for effective participation of women in strengthen the institutional structure of democracy. It has been rightly said that there can never exist a true democracy unless there is participation of women, both in governance and development programmes without equal participation of women and men it is very difficult to attain what is desired. As women constitute an equal percentage with men in population of India. But it has been seen that post independence women are not enjoying equal political power in comparison to men due to constitutional and legal provisions. The present paper is analyzing this Gender gap in Indian politics.


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