An Analytical study of Gender Gap in Indian Politics
The dawn of India’s political Independence in August 1947, and the establishment of a Republican form of state in 1950, brought to women the promise of adult franchise and equality of opportunities in all spheres which include social, economic and political activities. The constitutional rights were to serve as instruments for achieving equality of status and opportunities in all spheres. Equality in all spheres is inseparable from active political participation. This means not only using the right to vote but also power sharing, profit sharing, co-decision making and co-policy making at all levels of government. For successful functioning of a democratic political system, participation of women along with men is necessary. Gender equality is a pre-requisite for effective participation of women in strengthen the institutional structure of democracy. It has been rightly said that there can never exist a true democracy unless there is participation of women, both in governance and development programmes without equal participation of women and men it is very difficult to attain what is desired. As women constitute an equal percentage with men in population of India. But it has been seen that post independence women are not enjoying equal political power in comparison to men due to constitutional and legal provisions. The present paper is analyzing this Gender gap in Indian politics.
2. This has been the running theme of the work by Simon De Behavior, The Second Sex (1987), English Translation by Parsel, M.M. , Penguin, New Delhi.
3. Limaye, Champa (1999), Women Power and Progress in Indian Women Place in Political Arena, B.R. Publishing Corporation Pvt. Ltd. , New Delhi, p.41.
4. Nivedita, Menon (1991), “A Feminist Perspective”, Seminar No.385, p.33.
5. J. Bystydzienski (ed., 1992), Women Transforming Politics; Worldwide Strategies for Empowerment, Indian University Press.
6. Sahu Narain, S.M. and Lakshmi, L. (2005), “Political Empowerment of Women”. The Indian Journal of Public Administration, 2(1): 34-53
7. Women in India, Statistical Profile, 1988, Various Tables
8. Sharma, Kanta (2004), Women Power in 21st Century, Anmol Publications, New Delhi, pp.117-118
9. www.presidentofindia.nic.in; www.cabsec.nic.in
10. Cariappa, Prema Paper presented in National Conference on, ‘Empowerment of Women in Parliament and Local Self- Government Institutions in India: Role Status, Participation and Decision-Making’, August 20, 2008.
11. Chhibber, Bharati “Women and the Indian Political Process”, Mainstream, April 23-29, 2010.
Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, without the written consent of the Publisher. The Editors reserve the right to edit or otherwise alter all contributions, but authors will receive proofs for approval before publication.
Copyrights for articles published in International Journal of Innovative Knowledge Concepts are retained by the authors, with first publication rights granted to the journal. The journal/publisher is not responsible for subsequent uses of the work. It is the author's responsibility to bring an infringement action if so desired by the author.