Role of Ayurveda in management of ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity disorder) in Children.
It is the commonest neurobehavioral disorder of childhood affecting 3-5% of school aged children. This disease is characterized by sustained and prolonged motor activity, persistent restlessness, less attention and very poor impulse control. It is 3 times commoner in boys. The diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorder (DSM-5) focuses on the continuation of attention deficit hypertension disorder (ADHD) manifestation in adulthood.
Etiology of this disease is not identified but Twin and family studies suggest that genetic factor may play a role. Molecular genetic studies have identified abnormality in dopamine transporter gene and thyroid receptor beta gene in some patients.
Treatment involves a combination of behavioral therapy and medication. All measures that reduce the distress of the child and parent can be considered in the management of ADHD.
Ayurveda have no specific similarities to any disease or symptom but some references about abnormal behavior can be seen under features of Vatika unmada. Some features of Paittika unmada are also similar to ADHD in children. Ayurveda has a collection of many wonderful herbs which help in control the symptoms of ADHD. In Ayurveda, Sodhana chikitsa, Samana chikitsha, Yoga and Satvavajaya-chikitsa is very supportive for ADHD. This article focuses on literature about ADHD and its management in Ayurveda.
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