Progressive Collapse Analysis of RC Frame with Shear Wall using Non Linear Static Analysis

  • Aqib A Parmar
  • K.B. Parikh
  • Y.K. Tandel
Keywords: Progressive Collapse; High-Rise Frame Shear Wall Structure; Alternative Load Path Method.


Progressive collapse is said to occur in a structure, when the primary vertical element fails, which in turn cause failure in the adjoining structural elements and this results in further structural failure which eventually leads to partial or total collapse of structure. Due to extreme loading such as bomb explosion in a terrorist attack, gas explosions and huge impact of car in parking area and due to some natural calamity like tsunami leads to failure of primary vertical support. Different guidelines such as the General Services Administration (GSA) and the Unified Facilities Criteria (UFC) addressed the structural progressive collapse due to the sudden loss of a main vertical support. The aim of this study is to analyse a reinforced concrete frame having shear wall. The building is designed using IS 456-2000 and IS-1893 (part-1):2002 considering zone-IV and response reduction factor as 5. A progressive collapse assessment according to the GSA guideline is carried out for a typical 14 storey reinforced concrete (RC) frame having shear wall. The investigated cases included the removal of a corner column, long side middle column and short side shear wall for the first storey of RC frame. A non linear stage construction option available in ETABs is used to assess the given frame for different loss of load carrying vertical element such as columns and shear wall. The hinge formation in RC frame reveals that there is no collapse of structure. The bending moment and displacement at the column or shear wall loss location was compared for different removal portion.  


Adrian Ioani, Liviu Cucu, Călin Mircea, (Nov. 2007), Assessment Of The Potential For Progressive Collapse In Rc Frames, Ovidius University Annals Series: Civil Engineering, Volume 1, Number 9.

Aldo Mckay, Matt Gomez, Kirk Marchand, (2010), Non-Linear Dynamic Alternate Path Analysis For Progressive Collapse: Detailed Procedures Using Ufc 4-023-03,Ddesb.

Aldo Mckay,Kirk Marchand, Manuel Diaz, (November 1, 2012), Alternate Path Method In Progressive Collapse Analysis: Variation Of Dynamic And Nonlinear Load Increase Factors Practice Periodical On Structural Design And Construction, Vol. 17, No. 4.

Ashraf Habibullah, Stephen Pyle, (Winter, 1998), Practical Three Dimensional Nonlinear Static Pushover Analysis, Structure Magazine

Bhavik R, (September 2014), Progressive Collapse Analysis Of Rc Buildings Using Non-Linear Static And Non-Linear Dynamic Method, International Journal Of Emerging Technology And Advanced Engineering, Volume 4, Issue 9.

Cătălin Baciu And Marin Lupoae, (2012), Nonlinear Analysis For A Reinforced Concrete Frame Structure Under Extreme Loads, Construcţii – No. 1.

Corey T. Fallon, Spencer E. Quiel, Clay J. Naito, ( June 10, 2016.), Uniform Pushdown Approach For Quantifying Building-Frame Robustness And The Consequence Of Disproportionate Collapse, Journal Of Performance Of Constructed Facilities.

Daniel Stoica,(August-2015), Aspects Of Studying The Influence Of The Local Collapse Of Structural Elements To Generate Progressive Collapse, Scientific Cooperations Journal Of Civil Engineering And Architecture, Vol. 1, Issue. 1.

David N. Bilow, Mahmoud Kamara, U.S. General Services Administration Progressive Collapse Design Guidelines Applied To Concrete Moment-Resisting Frame Buildings.

David N. Bilow, Mahmoud Kamara, U.S. General Services Administration Progressive Collapse Design Guidelines Applied To Concrete Moment-Resisting Frame Buildings.

Earthquake Resistant Design Of Structures By Pankaj Agarwal And Manish Shrikhande

Gsa Alternate Path Analysis And Design Guidelines For Progressive Collapse Resistance October 24, 2013
Revision 1, January 28, 2016.

H. Al-Khaiat, S. Fereig, J. Al-Duaij, And T. A. Awida,( February,1999), Impact Of Shelling On RC Frames With And Without Infill Walls. Journal Of Performance Of Constructed Facilities, Vol. 13, No. 1.

Hu Kai, Jiang Li, Qu Ge, Lu Xilin, Lu Zheng, Wang Peng, (2015) Study On Progressive Collapse Mechanism Of Rc Structures 5th International Conference On Advanced Design And Manufacturing Engineering.

Meng-Hao Tsai And Tsuei-Chiang Huang, (2009), Effect Of Interior Brick-Infill Partitions On The Progressive Collapse Potential Of A RC Building: Linear Static Analysis Results, International Journal Of Civil, Environmental, Structural, Construction And Architectural Engineering, Vol:3, No:2.

Meng-Hao Tsai, Tsuei-Chiang Huang, (2009), Effect Of Interior Brick-Infill Partitions On The Progressive Collapse Potential Of A Rc Building: Linear Static Analysis Results International Scholarly And Scientific Research & Innovation Vol:3, No:2

Monika Kenjale, Prashant Kulkarni, (2016), Linear And Nonlinear Analysis Of Reinforced Concrete Building For Progressive Collapse, Imperial Journal Of Interdisciplinary Research, Vol-2, Issue-8.

Noble Obeng-Ankamah, Mark Adom-Asamoah, (January 2017), An Evaluation Of The Gsa Nonlinear Static Progressive Collapse Methodology Applied To Ec 8 Seismically Designed Rc Moment Frames, International Journal Of Science And Research (Ijsr), Volume 6 Issue 1.

O. Yagob, K. Galal, (2006), Progressive Collapse Of Reinforced Concrete Structures, Structural Engineering And Mechanics, Vol. 32, No. 6 (2009) 771-786.

Prestandard And Commentary For The Seismic Rehabilitation Of Buildings Federal Emergency Management Agency 356/November 2000.

Steven M. Baldridge,Francis K. Humayet.Al (2003),Preventing Progressive Collapse In Concrete Buildings,Concrete International.

Y.M. Fahjan, J Kubin And M.T.Tan, (2010), “Non Linear Analysis Method For Reinforced Concrete Building With Shear Wall”, 14 ECEE.

Yasser Alashker, Honghao Li And Sherif El-Tawil,( September 1, 2011), Approximations In Progressive Collapse Modelling, Journal Of Structural Engineering, Vol. 137, No. 9.

Yihai Bao, Joseph A. Main, H.S. Lew, And Fahim Sadek, (2014), Robustness Assessment Of Rc Frame Buildings Under Column Loss Scenarios, Structures Congress.

Yihai Bao; Joseph A. Main; And H. S. Lew, (2017) Alternative Load Path Analysis Of A Prototype Reinforced Concrete Frame Building, Structures Congress.