Motorization in Fisheries Sector of Kerala: An Analysis of Economic Viability and Socio-Economic Changes

  • Rajesh m. Research Scholar, Department of Economics, University of Kerala Kariavattom Campus P.O., Thiruvananthapuram
  • Prasad A.K.
Keywords: Fisheries, Motorization in Fisheries, Socio-Economic Changes

Abstract

The quest for an alternative to the Catamaram in the fisheries sector became true in the 1980s with the introduction of the Out Board Machines (OBM) which can be best fitted in the fishing crafts. This is, in fact, true that the novel technology has led to cover comparatively a larger area in fishing, higher productivity and increased employment opportunities which in turn pave the way for economic progress of the community. Since then, a number of studies have been conducted to find out whether the novel technology has any impact on the fishermen community and these studies give different views in this regard. In this context, the present paper tries to analyze the economic viability of motorization and its impact on socio-economic changes in the living conditions of the fisher folk of Vizhinjam Grama Panchayat. It is found that though the motorization of country crafts was accepted by the fishermen, it is not economically much viable ie., it is not affordable to a vast majority of poor fishermen and leads to indebtedness of poor fishermen to money lenders. Though the implementation of motorization in the traditional fishing crafts and the subsequent introduction of the ring seine in the marine fisheries sector of Kerala have brought drastic changes in the fisheries sector as well as in the living condition of the fishing folk, they have got a long way to go to reach the goal.

References

1. Koutsoyiannis A (2009), Modern Micro Economics, Macmillan Press Ltd, London.
2. David Whitmarsh (1990), ‘Technological change and marine fisheries development’, Marine Policy, pg.17.
3. Economic Review 2014, State Planning Board, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, 2015.
4. Tenth Five Year Plan Development Report 2002-2007, Vizhinjam Grama Panchayat, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala.
5. Anne Felice, Traditional and Modernity in a Fishing Community: A Study of Technological Innovation in Fishing on the Fishermen of Vypeen Island, Kerala, Ph.D. Thesis (unpublished), Kerala University, Trivandrum, 1980.
6. Kerala Calling (July 2006), Public Relations Department, Govt. of Kerala.
7. Government of India, Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries, Hand Book on Fisheries Statistics 2014
8. Kurien J (1984), Marketing of Marine Fish inside Kerala State, Indian Council of Social Science Research, p.14.
9. Kerala Marine Fisheries Statistics 2015, Directorate of Fisheries, Government of Kerala, Thiruvananthapuram, Pg. 33 & 34.
10. Robert S Pindyck, Naniel L Rubinfeld and Prem L Mehta (2008), Micro Economics, Dorling Kindersley Pvt.Ltd, New Delhi.
11. Kerala Fisheries Statistics at a Glance 2014, Directorate of Fisheries, Government of Kerala, Thiruvananthapuram.
Published
2018-10-27
Section
Articles