The DROUGHT RISK ASSESSMENT IN VIDARBHA REGION OF MAHARASHTRA, INDIA, USING STANDARDIZED PRECIPITATION INDEX
Abstract: Drought is a destructive hazard of nature. It is conceivably the most complex natural hazard. It shows a creeping appearance in nature. The impact of drought varies from region to region. It is difficult to define it in the most generalized way. It originates and crawls due to lack of precipitation over an extended period of time. Worldwide prevalence and duration of drought increases due to climate change and increasing water demands. Thus, the opulence of drought mitigation largely depends upon timely information on drought beginning, operation, and areal extent of drought. These kinds of information are better linked with drought monitoring. Monitoring is performed generally by using various indices. Various drought indices have been developed so far but many of them are region specific and have limitations of applicability in other climatic conditions. Moreover, the presence of multiple time steps in drought indices make it harder to decide the best time step to show the drought conditions. The present study aims to evaluate the Standardized Precipitation index (SPI) at 12 and 24 months timescale using monthly data of precipitation from 1953 to 2002 at eleven districts for monitoring drought years, in the Vidarbha region of Maharashtra, India. The Present study unveils the fact that Vidarbha region is associated with larger number of drought spells. Almost seven to eight numbers of dry periods have been observed in the data set from 1953-2002. Among the 11 districts namely Akola, Amravati, Bhandara, Buldhana, Chandrapur, Gadchiroli, Gondia, Nagpur, Wardha, Washim and Yavatmal, Nagpur is associated with severe drought in most of the years.
Almedeij, J. (2014). Drought Analysis for Kuwait Using Standardized Precipitation Index, The Scientific World Journal, 451-841.
Chanda, K., & Maity, R. (2015). Meteorological Drought Quantification with Standardized Precipitation Anomaly Index for the regions with Strongly Seasonal and Periodic Precipitation Journal of Hydrological engineering, (ASCE)HE.1943-5584.0001236.
Djellouli, F., Bouanani, A., & Hamed, K. B. (2016). Efficiency of some meteorological drought indices in different time scale, case study: wadi Louza basin (NW-Algeria), Journal of Water and Land Development. 1429-7426.
Edwards, D. C., & McKee, T. B. (1997). Characteristics of 20th century drought in the United States at multiple time scale. Climatology Report Number 97-2, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado.
Hayes, M.J., Svoboda, M.D., Wilhite, D.A., & Vanyarkho, O.V. (1999). Monitoring the1996 drought using the standardized precipitation index, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 80, 429-438
Karavitis A. C., Alexandris, S., Tsesmelis, D. E., & Athanasopoulos G. (2011). Application of the Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI) in Greece, Water 3(3):787-805
Khadr, G.M., & Schlenkhoff, A. (2009). Analysis of Meteorological Drought in the Ruhr Basin by Using the Standardized Precipitation Index, International Journal of Environmental and Ecological Engineering, Vol:3, No:9, 2009.
Kumar, R., Sagar, A., & Bist, A. S. (2016). Assessment of Nagina area of district Bijnor U.P. on the basis of Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI) for Drought Intensity. International Journal of Engineering Sciences and Research Technology, 159-207.
Kumar, M. N., Sai, M. C. S., Sesha, M.V.R., & Roy, P.S. (2009). On the use of Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI) for drought intensity assessment, Royal Meteorological Society.
McKee, T. B., Doesken, N. J., & Kleist, J. (1993). The relationship of drought frequency and duration of time scales. Preprints, 8th Conference on Applied Climatology, pp. 179-184, January 17-22, Anaheim, California.
Obasi, G. O. P. (1994). WMO’s Role in the International Decade for National Disaster Reduction, Bulletin of American Meteorological Society, 75(1), 655-661.
Palmer, W. C. (1965). Meteorological drought, Research Paper No. 45, U.S. Department of Commerce, Weather Bureau, Washington, D.C.
Pramudya, Y. & Onishi, T. (2017). Assessment of the Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI) integral City, Central Java, Indonesia. IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 012-019.
Rachchh, R. & Bhatt, N. (2014). Monitoring of drought event by standardized precipitation index (SPI) ARPN Journal of engineering and applied sciences, 11: 13-17
Shafer, B. A., & Dezman, L. E. (1982). Development of a Surface Water Supply Index (SWSI) to assess the severity of drought conditions in snowpack runoff areas, In Proceedings of the Western Snow Conference, pp. 164-175. Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado.
Shah, R., Bharadiya, N., & Manekar, V. (2015). Drought Index Computation Using Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI) Method for Surat District, Gujrat, International Conference on Water Resources, Coastal and Ocean Engineering. 1243-1249.
Shad, M. S. Marvili, M. D. & Marvili, M. D. (2013). Study of drought with SPI index (case study: Ghareh Chai and Karkheh basins), International Research Journal of Applied and Basic Science. 2638-2644.
Sharma, A., Dadhwal, V. K., Jeganathan, C., & Tolpekin, V. (2010). Drought Monitoring using Standardized Precipitation Index in Karnataka, India, Geospatial World.
Seiler, R. A., Hayes, M., & Bressan, L. (2002). Using the Standardized Precipitation Index For Flood Risk Monitoring. International Journal of Climatology, 22: 1365-1376.
Wilhite, D.A. (2000). Drought as a natural hazard. Drought: A Global Assessment, Volume (1), Ed. Donald A. Wilhite, Routledge, London.
Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, without the written consent of the Publisher. The Editors reserve the right to edit or otherwise alter all contributions, but authors will receive proofs for approval before publication.
Copyrights for articles published in International Journal of Innovative Knowledge Concepts are retained by the authors, with first publication rights granted to the journal. The journal/publisher is not responsible for subsequent uses of the work. It is the author's responsibility to bring an infringement action if so desired by the author.