Buddhist Sanskrit Language in Gaṇḍavyūha sūtra : Some Observations

  • Mithun Howladar Ph. D Scholar, Department of Sanskrit, Sidho - Kanho -Birsha University, Purulia, West Bengal
Keywords: Avataṇśaka, Gaṇḍavyūha, Mahāyāna , Mixed Sanskrit, Sūtra


The Gaṇḍavyūha is the story of the merchant Sudhanas, who travels with his merchandise to different regions of the earth , and becomes a hero of the Gaṇḍavyūha on account of his pure conduct. He achieved extraordinary merits. He has a vision of Avalokiteśvara the compassion incarnate. Like the Kāraṇḍyavyūha, Gaṇḍavyūha is appended by the Bhadracharia pranidhāna- rāja in which the mannerism of pranidhāna in benediction to Avalokiteśvara is available. In the process of growth of Pure Sanskrit from the Vedic language , the Mixed Sanskrit had been the bridge in Northwest India. The Gaṇḍavyūha may claim an antiquity with authentic evidence in the process of change over from the kāraṇḍyavyūha. The Gaṇḍavyūha has 53 chapters including Sāmantrabhadra Charja Pramdhan. In many chapters several gāthās are also in prose with interment. Those leave a room to hold that gāthā portion had been earlier. Than those are narrated in prose. A tendency of narrating the account in prose the manner of story telling had been a living tradition in the Buddhist in the early days.


1. M. Monier Williams shows that "Gāthā, as, m. a song, RV. i, 1 67, 6 & ix, 11, 4 ; SV. ( Gāthā) , f. id, RV; a verse, stanza ( especially one which is neither Ric, nor Sāman, nor Yajus, a verse not belonging to the Vedas, but to the epic poetry of legends or Akhyānas, such as the Śunaḥśepa - Akhyāna or the Suparn.) , AV . ; TS ; TBr. SBr. & c. ; the metrical part of a sūtra , Buddha ; N. of the Ārya metre ; any metre not enumerated in the regular treatises on prosody ; ( cf. rig - gāthā, riju - gāthā, yajna - gatha.) - pati (o tha -) , m. lord of songs, RV. i, 43 , 4. - sravas ( o tha -), mfn. Famous through (epic) songs (Indra) , viii, 2, 38." Sanskrit - English Dictionary. Monies Williams, Motilal Banarasidass, Delhi, 2002, p. 1120.
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