Agroecological Zoning for Amla (Embilica Officinalis Gaertn:) Cultivation in Haryana

  • Tasawwur Husain Zaidi Assistant Professor (Contractual), Department of Geography, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi,
Keywords: Agroecological regions, Agroecological zones, Crop suitability, amla cultivation, Aromatic plants

Abstract

Agroecology as a practice integrate ecology with agriculture. It provides scientific basis for the cultivation of medicinal and aromatic plants (MAPs) for overall conservation, management and development, environmental sustainability, health and economic development. Every region with its unique natural and geographic conditions has potential to supports different species and varieties of crops and plants. These potentials should be properly utilised for natural resource development. The approach of agroecological zoning is a method to realise this goal. Modern science of geoinformatics which combines different disciplines and technologies dealing with spatial information has made it possible to delineate these zones where these plants may be suitably cultivated and conserved. In the present paper, agroecological conditions (environmental, pedological and agricultural) of cultivating amla in Haryana have been studied using these technologies and statistical techniques. The agroecological requirements or sets of potentials and constraints (land, soil and environmental characteristics) for the cultivations of amla have been used to identify zones/regions of varying suitability in GIS environment using IDW interpolation method of Spatial Analysis kit in ArcGIS 10.3. This exercise has resulted into four zones of different levels of suitability found on the basis of average expected yield of the plants in different locations of the state.

References

Atal, C. K. and B.M. Kapur (eds.) (1982). Cultivation and Utilization of Medicinal Plants, Jammu Tawi, RRL (CSIR)

Chandra, V., M. Pandey (2004). Cultivation of Medicinal Herbs, New Delhi: IARI, Agriculture Information and Publication Department, Pusa

Duggal, S.L., (1975). Soil Geography of Haryana, Hisar: Publication Division, Haryana Agricultural University

Farooqi, A.A., V. S. Chauhan (2004). Production Techniques of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, New Delhi: Mehta Publishers

Fischer, G., Mahendra Shah, Harrij van Velthuizen, Freddy Nachtergaele (2006). Land Use, Land Cover and Soil Sciences – Vol. III - Agro-Ecological Zones Assessments, Encyclopaedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), EOLSS Publishers, Oxford, UK

Fischer, G., Nachtergaele, F.O., Prieler, S., Teixeira, E., Tóth, G., Van Velthuizen, H., Verelst, L., Wiberg, D., 2012. Global Agro-Ecological Zones – Model Documentation GAEZ v.3.0., IIASA/FAO, Laxenburg, Austria/Rome, Italy

Food and Agricultural Organization, FAO, (1978). Report on the agro-ecological zones project. FAO, Rome.

Food and Agricultural Organization, FAO, (1983). Guidelines: Land evaluation for rainfed agriculture, FAO Soils Bulletin 52

Forest Survey of India (2017). India State of Forest Report 2017, Forest Survey of India, Ministry of Environment & Forests, Dehradun, p-188

Gajbhiye, K.S. and C. Mandal (2000). Agro-Ecological Zones, their Soil Resource and Cropping systems. Status of Farm Mechanization in India, Centre for Education and Documentation, Mumbai Available: http://www.indiawaterportal.org/sites/indiawaterportal.org/files/01jan00sfm1.pdf.
Gliessman , S. R., Eric W. Engles (2015). Agroecology The Ecology of Sustainable Food Systems, 3rd Edition, CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, Boca Raton, USA

ICAR, NBSS & LUP (2015). Agro-ecological Regions of India (Revised Edition), NBSS Publication 170

IMD (1989). Climate of Haryana, New Delhi: Indian Meteorological Department

Malwatkar, G. M., B. A. Kokje, G.D. Kelkar (1984). Seasonal variations in aldehyde content in oil: Leaf yellowing and crinkling and leaf browning in Java citronella (Cymbopogon winterianus). Indian Perfumer, 28(1): 17-23

Martin, K., Joachim Sauerborn (2013). Agroecology, Springer

Metzger, M.J., R.G.H. Bunce, R.H.G. Jongman, R. Sayre, A. Trabucco, R. Zomer (2013). A high-resolution bioclimate map of the world: a unifying framework for global biodiversity research and monitoring. Global Ecology and Biogeography 22(5):630-638.

Mueller, N.D., J. S. Gerber, M. Johnston, D.K. Ray, N. Ramankutty, J. A. Foley, (2012). Closing yield gaps: nutrient and water management to boost crop production. Nature 490, 254–257

Raghav, C.S. (2003). Medicinal Crops: Agro-technology, Organic farming, Utilisation, Chemical components, Production resources, Trade; New Delhi: Lata Publications

Sachdev, C.B., Tarsem Lal, K.P.C. Rana & J. Sehgal (1995). Soils of Haryana: Their Kinds, Distribution, Characterization and Interpretations for Optimising Land Use. B: Executive Summary. NBSS & LUP Nagpur, NBSS Publication 44, Soils of India Series 3. (+ 2 maps (1: 500,000).

Singh, A., Ajay Kumar (2017). Cultivation of Citronella (Cymbopogon winterianus) and evaluation of its essential oil, yield and chemical composition in Kannauj region, International Journal of Biotechnology and Biochemistry, 13(2):139-146

Singh, J., (1974). An Agricultural Atlas of India: A Geographical Analysis, Kurukshetra: University Campus, Vishal Publications

Singh, J., (1976). An Agricultural Geography of Haryana, Kurukshtra: University Campus ,Vishal Publications

Singh, Jasbir (1971). Agricultural Colonization of Cultivable, Waste land in India, The Deccan Geographer, Vol. IX, M.2, pp. 139-149.

Sinsinwar, P.S., R. Sharma, P. Singh (2006). Ausadhiya Podhon Ki Unnat Shasya Technique, Agrotech Publishing Academy, Udaipur

Sivakumar, M.V.K., C. Valentin, (1997). Agroecological zones and the assessment of crop production potential. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 352, 907–916.

Sociedad Cientifica LatinoAmericana de Agroecologia , SOCLA (2015). Agroecology: concepts, principles and applications, Main Learning points from Training Courses on Agroecology in Solo, Indonesia (5-9 June 2013) and Lusaka, Zambia (20-24 April 205), Third World Network, Penang, Malaysia. p. 7

TAC/CGIAR (Technical Advisory Committee) Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research, (1992). Review of CGIAR priorities and strategies. Part I. Washington DC: CGIAR.

Tewari, D. N., K. Kumar, and A. Tripathi (2001). Amla, New Delhi: Ocean Books Pvt. Ltd.

Uniyal, M., G. S. Jariyal (2003). Aushadiya Podhpon Ka Vyavasayik Krishikaran, New Delhi: Indian Society of Agribusiness Professionals

Warta, J., van, Lenny G.J. van Busselb, Joost Wolfb, Rachel Lickerc, Patricio Grassinia, Andrew Nelsond, Hendrik Boogaarde, James Gerberf, Nathaniel D. Muellerf, Lieven Claessensg, Martin K. van Ittersumb, Kenneth G. Cassmana (2013). Use of agro-climatic zones to upscale simulated crop yield potential, Field Crops Research, 143:44–55

Zaidi. T. H. (2011). Development and Spread of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in Haryana: A Geographical Study, Ph.D. thesis submitted to the Department of Geography, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi
Published
2018-08-22
Section
Articles