Agroecological Zoning for Amla (Embilica Officinalis Gaertn:) Cultivation in Haryana
Agroecology as a practice integrate ecology with agriculture. It provides scientific basis for the cultivation of medicinal and aromatic plants (MAPs) for overall conservation, management and development, environmental sustainability, health and economic development. Every region with its unique natural and geographic conditions has potential to supports different species and varieties of crops and plants. These potentials should be properly utilised for natural resource development. The approach of agroecological zoning is a method to realise this goal. Modern science of geoinformatics which combines different disciplines and technologies dealing with spatial information has made it possible to delineate these zones where these plants may be suitably cultivated and conserved. In the present paper, agroecological conditions (environmental, pedological and agricultural) of cultivating amla in Haryana have been studied using these technologies and statistical techniques. The agroecological requirements or sets of potentials and constraints (land, soil and environmental characteristics) for the cultivations of amla have been used to identify zones/regions of varying suitability in GIS environment using IDW interpolation method of Spatial Analysis kit in ArcGIS 10.3. This exercise has resulted into four zones of different levels of suitability found on the basis of average expected yield of the plants in different locations of the state.
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