Impact of Unplanned Vertical Urbanization on Indoor Air Quality and Health of Its Occupants

  • Rakesh K. Wats
  • Alka S Grover
  • Aanchal Wats
  • Meenu Wats Assistant Professor, DAV College, Sector- 10, Punjab University, Chandigarh, India,
Keywords: Vertical urbanization, Indoor air quality, Air pollution, PM 2.5, PM10

Abstract

Exponentially growing population in India is putting pressure on the limited available land and to accommodate it, the only viable solution seems to raise vertical cities.Cities with tall buildings have their own positive and negative impacts on the biotic as well as abiotic factors of the particular area in specific and overall conditions in general. The most important side effects of such buildings, if not constructed onholistic and sustainable model, are localized climatic disturbances and health discomforts of their occupants, thereby slowly turning suchstructures into sick buildings. The most vulnerable victims are children, elders and all those having long term exposure to such buildings. The current study has focused on a northern state, Haryana, in India which is witnessing such haphazardly growing vertical residential as well as commercial structures and facing the degradation of not only its climate but also showing increased reports of health problems of the users of such buildings. The study was carried out in three districts of Haryana where more congregations of vertical towers is there. The study indicates that air quality of Gurugram and Faridabad is in a very bad state and 66% and 56%, respectively, their residents have reported been suffering from one or another type of health discomfort, while in Panchkula the air quality has been found to have better condition at most of its sites with about one quarter of its people (28.6%)showing health problems related to particulate pollution.

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