Comparative Science Education and Teaching in India & West

  • R.S.S Nehru Post-Doctoral Fellow; National University of Vietnam- University of Education Faculty of Teacher Education, Hanoi, Vietnam & Assistant Professor, Department of Education; Sikkim University, Gangtok, Sikkim dr.rssnehru@gmail.com ; M: +91 94405-94179
Keywords: West and India Approaches, Science Teaching, Comparative Education & Philosophies.

Abstract

The Methods and the concept of approaches to Science education & teaching have been derived from traditional and modern collective work on each other, for the production to the ultimate culture of science education to the mankind. Discuss on this discipline, there are various aspects that are not parallel with each other, whenever comparing these aspects within the understanding of science education itself, through the countries apart of this universe. This paper recognizes the methods and the customs of science teaching, which are from the western countries and India. The community modify in the growth of philosophies and science education make to know how regulations are contrasted to each other. Also look at the difference among foreign and Indian science teaching the approach of child involvement inside class programs, the process of instruction and learning, the follow-up of learning, the capacity of children for both philosophies, the encouragement for the students, and the bonding between the two. This paper finally has a review towards Western and Indian educators and also on the science teaching approaches of India from the views of Western along with the modifications and comments by the implementation of both opposite philosophies.

References

1) Abdullah Sani Yahaya, Mengurus Hal Ehwal Pelajar, (2001), Selangor: PTS Professional Publishing Sdn Bhd.
2) Asma Afsaruddin, The Philosophy of Islamic Education: Classical Views and M. Fethullah Gulen’s Perspectives, (2001), Retrieved from University of Notre Dame.
3) Chory,RM, McCroskey, C. James, The relationship between teacher management communication style and effective learning, Communication Quarterly, 27(1999).
4) Curren R, Philosophy of Education: An Anthology, (2007), United Kingdom: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
5) Dahlin. Band M.P. Regmi, Ontologies of knowledge East and West, International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education, 13(2000), 43-61.
6) Gurney.P, Five factors for effective teaching, New Zealand Journal of Teacher’ s Work, 4(2) (2007), 89-98.
7) Hussin S, Pendidikan Di Malaysia: Sejarah, Sistem, dan Falsafah, Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, (1996), 368-394.
8) James J. Watters, Perspectives on Australian, Indian and Malaysian approaches to STEM education, International Journal of Educational Development • November 2015 DOI: 10.1016/j.ijedudev.2015.08.002.
9) Kim. KH , Learning from each other: Creativity in East Asian and American education, Creativity Research Journal, 17(4) (2005), 337-347.
10) Kruger. A and C. Poster, Community Education and the Western World, (1990), London: Routledge.
11) Lin. J The difference between Western and Eastern education - Education system in need of change? Retrieved January 23, 2009http://2008-soph-writingnccu.< wikispaces.com/file/view/article+on+educaiton.pdf>
12) Mackenzie .J, Vague and ambiguous questions on multiple-choice exercises: The Case for, Educational Philosophy and Theory, 26(1)(2007), 23-33.
13) Majzub. RM, Memahami Jiwa dan Minda Remaja [Understanding The Mind and Soul of Adolescent, (1999), Petaling Jaya: Fajar Bakti.
14) Muhammad.AR, Pendidikan di Alaf Baru [Education in New Era], (2003), Yogyakarta: Prisma Sophie.
15) Niyozov.S and G. Pluim, Teachers' perspectives on the education of Muslim students: A missing voice in Muslim education research, Curriculum Inquiry, 39(5)(2009), 583-709.
16) Onn, CM, Major differences between eastern and western philosophies as the basis for adult education - The Singapore experience, (2009), Retrieved from European Association For Education of Adults. http://www.eaea.org/index.php?k=12117
17) Padma M. Sarangapani, Knowledge, curricula, and teaching methods: the case of India, Revue Internationale d’éducation de Sèvres [Online], Education in Asia in 2014: what global issues? (June 2014),URL : HTTP:// ries.revues.org/3851.
18) Rahimah HR. Educational development and reformation in Malaysia: past, present and future, Journal of Educational Administration, 36(5) (1998), 462-475.
19) Riza.S, Konsep Pendidikan Islam Menurut Pemikiran Ibn Khaldun: Suatu Kajian Terhadap Elemen-elemen Kemasyarakatan Islam, Kajian ilmiah sarjana yang tidak diterbitkan, (2008), Pulau Pinang: Universiti Sains Malaysia.
20) Teel KM and A. DeBruin-Parecki, Making School Count : Promoting Urban Student Motivation and Success, (2001), New York: Routledge.
21) Thang SM, Student approaches to studying: identifying the Malaysian constructs and comparing them with those in other contexts, Journal of Further and Higher Education, 28(4) (2004), 359-371.
22) Thornton .S, Children Solving Problems, (1995), Cambridge Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.
Websites
1) http://daneshyari.com/article/preview/356006.pdf
2) http://epathshala.nic.in/wp-content/doc/NCF/Pdf/science.pdf
3) http://gulenconference.net/files/Rice/AAfsaruddin.pdf. Aminuddin Hassan et al. 64
4) http://www.esocialsciences.org/eSS_essay/Science_education/Three%20Challenges%20Facing%20India_Sarangapani.pdf
5) http://www.ncert.nic.in/html/pdf/ncf_qna.pdf
6) http://www.ncert.nic.in/rightside/links/pdf/framework/english/nf2005.pdf
7) http://www.unesco.org/education/pdf/11_198.pdf
8) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Science_education
9) https://www.diva-portal.org/smash/get/diva2:680432/FULLTEXT02.pdf
10) https://www.oecd.org/japan/46581091.pdf
11) https://www.usask.ca/education/documents/profiles/aikenhead/seoulteach.htm
Published
2018-07-29
Section
Articles