Association between Sex Ratio and Literacy Rate of Asansol Durgapur Sub Division: Rural Urban Differences

  • Inasree Mitra Research Scholar, Department of Geography, Jadavpur University, Kolkata-700032
Keywords: Correlation, Inequality, Literacy, Temporal Variation, Sex Ratio.


Literacy is one of the main determinant factors of HDI (Human Development Index). Literacy determines the way of thinking of the people of society. It reduces the gender inequality and ensures the gender development. Sex ratio is very important demographic characteristics of population. Sometimes it reflects the character of the society and living status of the women in that particular society. Literacy plays a crucial role for the development and balance of sex ratio.

By taking into consideration the importance of role of literacy in sex ratio, an attempt has been made to analyze the correlation between literacy and sex ratio of Asansol and Durgapur sub division of Burdwan district in west Bengal. For the detail analysis, 9 blocks have been taken for the study. 2001 and 2011 census data has been used showing the temporal variation. The results have been subsequently explained using statistical analysis. It is found that the urban areas of relatively high literacy and the rural areas have low literacy. But the study reveals that the correlation between literacy and sex ratio in rural area showing the negative and in urban area showing the positive relation. This study also reveals the degree of relationships between literacy and sex ratio. One of the major finding is that migration play a key role to determine the sex ratio and literacy rate.


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