Nature and Characteristics of Rural Settlement in Salanpur, Paschim Bardhaman, West Bengal, India.
AbstractIndia is a country where nearly two-thirds of the population lives in rural areas and enlightens the rural areas is the lifeline of India. Before going to achieve this goal and utilize the full potentiality of village resources it is much essential to explore rural areas in terms of their size, distribution and pattern of rural settlement. The general but overall idea of the organization of rural settlement also helps to plan the strategy of balanced rural development. In this paper, an attempt has been made to examine the nature and characteristics of rural settlement at Gram Panchayat level in Salanpur Community Development Block, the westernmost C.D. block of Paschim Bardhhaman District Using Nearest Neighbour Analysis Technique, Settlement concentration index, the Average distance between settlement(spacing)and GIS software. The result shows that in Salanpur population distributed in a very unequal manner, settlement concentrated in an unbalanced way in few areas while six mouzas are totally uninhabited, almost 53.87 % area of Salanpur covered with the semi-compact type of settlement structure. Therefore, a thorough planning is prerequisite to come out of the latent threats for the sake of the inhabitants. Development of settlement with some proper planning has also chalked out.
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