Nature and Characteristics of Rural Settlement in Salanpur, Paschim Bardhaman, West Bengal, India.

  • Sumana Nandi M.Phil. Research Scholar, Department of Geography, The University of Burdwan. Golapbag, Burdwan (Pin: 713101)
  • Tapas Mistri Assistant Professor, The Department of Geography The University of Burdwan, Golapbag, Burdwan (Pin: 713101)


India is a country where nearly two-thirds of the population lives in rural areas and enlightens the rural areas is the lifeline of India. Before going to achieve this goal and utilize the full potentiality of village resources it is much essential to explore rural areas in terms of their size, distribution and pattern of rural settlement. The general but overall idea of the organization of rural settlement also helps to plan the strategy of balanced rural development. In this paper, an attempt has been made to examine the nature and characteristics of rural settlement at Gram Panchayat level in Salanpur Community Development Block, the westernmost C.D. block of Paschim Bardhhaman District Using Nearest Neighbour Analysis Technique, Settlement concentration index, the Average distance between settlement(spacing)and GIS software. The result shows that in Salanpur population distributed in a very unequal manner, settlement concentrated in an unbalanced way in few areas while six mouzas are totally uninhabited, almost 53.87 % area of Salanpur covered with the semi-compact type of settlement structure. Therefore, a thorough planning is prerequisite to come out of the latent threats for the sake of the inhabitants. Development of settlement with some proper planning has also chalked out.


Ghosh, A. (1992). Relationship between landform and settlement in Bankura District, West Bengal, Published Doctoral Thesis, The University of Burdwan.

Ismael, A.K. (2013). Settlement size and its effect on Sustainable Rural Development: A Case Study of Erbil, Kurdistan Region/Iraq. Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development. 4 (20), ISSN 2222-1700(paper), ISSN 2222-2855(online). pp. 139-147.

Pinder, D.A. & Witherick, M.A. (1972). Practice and Pitfalls of Nearest-neighbour Analysis. Geographical Association.57 (4), pp. 277-288, URL:

Ren, Y., Yansui. L., Haulou. L., & Luyin, Q. (2015). Spatio-temporal characteristics of rural settlements and land use in the Bohai Rim of China. Journal of Geographical Sciences, 25(5), 559-572. DOI: 10.1007/s11442-015-1187-6

Singh, K.N., Singh, R.P.B., & Singh, D.K. (1975). Geographical Dimension of Rural Settlements. Proceedings of I.G.U. Varanasi Symposium, Dec. 1-7, (1975).

Singh, R.L. (1994). Geography of Settlement. Rawat Publication. ISBN 81-7033-209-5.

Tian, G., Yang, Z., & Zhang, Y. (2007). The Spatio-Temporal Dynamic Pattern of Rural Residential Land in China in the 1990s Using Landsat TM Images and GIS. Springer, 40:803–813, DOI 10.1007/s00267-006-0048-6.

W, Bunge. (1962). Theoritical Geography, Lund: Lund Studies in Geog., ser.C, No.1, Chap.3.